High employee turnover has long been a concern in the public accounting profession. Frequent hiring, training, and replacement of professional staff could have an adverse impact on audit quality. Using proprietary data from a Big Four accounting firm in Taiwan, we employ survival analysis and examine the factors that explain the turnover of entry-level auditors. We find that female auditors are more likely to depart the accounting firm, while performance ratings, salary, and accounting background are significantly related to higher retention rates. We do not find, however, that master’s degrees incrementally increase the retention rates of professional employees. These results hold after controlling for macroeconomic factors. Our evidence complements prior survey studies and suggests that gender, performance, salary, and accounting degree explain employee turnover in Taiwanese public accounting firms.