English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 90533/120562 (75%)
Visitors : 24970489      Online Users : 276
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/65450
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/65450

    Title: Outcome-based observational learning in human infants
    Authors: 黃啟泰
    Huang, Chi-Tai
    Contributors: 心理系
    Date: 2012.05
    Issue Date: 2014-04-17 12:38:26 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Previous work shows that infants manifest emulation learning in the use of end-state information. Outcome-based emulation has been interpreted as affordance learning or goal attribution. The present paper explores whether these two learning possibilities might be related. In 3 experiments, 17-month-old infants (N = 180) were presented with action outcomes across a variety of contexts and tasks: They observed either the full demonstration or the model's starting and final postures, plus the initial and end states of the object, or the latter portion of the foregoing display, or the end state of the object alone. The tasks included combinatory, noncombinatory, and body movement acts. Infants reproduced observed outcomes most often by observing the full demonstration. A similar effect was attained by exposure to both posture and configuration changes, but the effect was subject to the combinatory nature of the apparatus. In contrast, performance was less efficient after seeing the object's end state alone, suggesting that infants in the previous conditions did not simply emulate in association with the affordances. These findings support the notion that goal attribution based on sensitivity to bodily cues is reliant on the clarity of the affordances of a task.
    Relation: Journal of Comparative Psychology, 126(2), 139-149
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025312
    DOI: 10.1037/a0025312
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    Huang_2012.pdf207KbAdobe PDF1016View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback