English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88613/118155 (75%)
Visitors : 23464196      Online Users : 662
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/65461


    Title: 性別信仰對科系與職業選擇之影響:以台灣為例
    Other Titles: Gender Beliefs in Choosing College Majors and Occupations in Taiwan
    Authors: 彭莉惠
    Peng, Li-Hui
    熊瑞梅
    Hsung, Ray-May
    Contributors: 社會系
    Keywords: 性別信仰;科系選擇;職業選擇;教育與勞力市場連結;性別研究;Gender Belief;Choices of Majors;Occupational Choices;Links between Education and Labor Market;Gender Studies
    Date: 2011.04
    Issue Date: 2014-04-17 15:20:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 既有研究指出勞力市場的需求與供給面的運作機制促使性別不平等的持續。其中,大多數的社會學家從勞力市場需求面向來解釋性別隔離持續的現象;相較而言,這些研究較缺乏關注供給面向的運作機制特別是,科系與職業選擇的性別文化信仰。性別信仰(gender beliefs)的運作機制是強調男性與女性對於科系與職業的習慣性的選擇邏輯是在社會關係的脈絡中(包括家庭、學校、職場)被建構。既有別信仰的研究較為著重驗證因果邏輯以及將此議題放在西方的社會脈絡下來探究;但對於掌握性別信仰的深層的運作邏輯,以及擺在台灣社會的脈絡下的獨特運作機制上的解釋是不足的。本研究透過深度訪問法訪問了台灣社會年輕世代37位男女個案(50人次深度訪問),企圖勾勒家庭、學校與職場中的社會關係如何建構性別差異的科系選擇以及職業抉擇的慣性機制。本研究發現:第一,家庭、學校與工作場合共同建構了性別化的科系與職業文化信仰。第二,父母對學業成就期望所抱持的性別差異化邏輯、科系與職業選擇的性別適合性邏輯,是型塑子女性別化勞力市場的關鍵機制。第三,學校系統所運作的科系性別分化會顯見路徑依賴的邏輯。尤其在理工科系中,師長與男性同學會透過特殊化性別少數的運作邏輯,去強化男性在理工科系專業領域的優勢地位。第四,職場環境的性別信仰,主要體現出一種男性陽剛性/專業性/權威性、女性陰柔性/非專業性/可親近性的性別職業的角色邏輯;尤其在陽剛的工作場域中,「愛護」女性、優先拔擢男性,亦反映了職場性別信仰的另類表徵。
    Although the demand and supply mechanisms of labor markets are indicated to reinforce gender inequality, research on contributing factors of the supply side of such mechanisms-namely the role of gendered beliefs in choosing majors and occupations-is relatively scant, particularly in the non-Western contexts. Defined as the socially constructed habitual logics, this paper seeks to identify how the gendered beliefs differentiate young Taiwanese people's choices of college majors and occupations through 37 successful in-depth interviews. Main findings include 1) dynamics in families, schools and workplaces all contribute to the formation of gendered beliefs in 'appropriate' majors and occupations for either sex; 2) differentiated parental expectations of accacdemic achievement and occupational choices that depends on sex of their children, play a critical role in constructing a gendered labor market; 3) the early classification of gendered subject choices in schools presents a clear case of discrimination, as well as promotion of job stratification; and 4) gender beliefs at work appear largely consistent with dichotomy of clutural stereotypes of both men and women.
    Relation: 社會科學論叢, 5(1), 86-138
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[社會學系] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    85-138.pdf4218KbAdobe PDF1109View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback