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    Title: 關於“他動詞+自動詞”類型的複合動詞之-考察-以“引き-”“打ち-”“押し-”為考察對象
    關於「他動詞+自動詞」類型的複合動詞之一考察-以「hiki-」「uti-」「osi-」為考察對象-
    Other Titles: A Consideration of the "Transitive + Intransitive" Type Compound verbs-the Case of "Hiki-" "Uti-" "Osi-"
    Authors: 王淑琴
    Wang,Shu-Chin
    Contributors: 日文系
    Keywords: 複合動詞;自動詞化;接頭詞化;類推
    compound verb;intransitivization;prefixalization;analogy
    Date: 2008.09
    Issue Date: 2014-06-26 14:51:07 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本稿以生產性高的前項動詞「引き-」「打ち-」「押し-」的造語為對象,針對「他動詞+自動詞」類型的複合動詞做一考察。藉由本稿的觀察得知「他動詞+自動詞」類型的複合動詞有經由「他動詞+他動詞」的複合動詞自動詞化後產生的造語及經由類推由其他的「他動詞+自動詞」的複合動詞產生的造語。會不會產生「他動詞+自動詞」類型的造語與前項動詞有多少實質的意思相關。前項動詞表示後項動詞的「様態・附帶狀況」或是前項動詞接頭詞化的複合動詞有可能產生「他動詞+自動詞」類型的造語,但是前項動詞表示後項動詞的「手段」的複合動詞則不會產生「他動詞+自動詞」類型的造語。 另一方,形式上與「他動詞+他動詞」的複合動詞對應的「他動詞+自動詞」的造語在意思上不相對應,相反的,某種「他動詞+他動詞」的造語或是某種「他動詞+自動詞」的造語卻有類似的意思。這些造語是透過類推這個過程而形成的,而這樣的現象只會在前項動詞已經接頭詞化的複合動詞上看到。
    This paper focus on the "transitive+intransitive" type compound verbs of "hiki-" "uti-" "osi-" which are all productive. Through some discussions, it is clarified that in the "transitive+intransitive" type compound verbs, there are verbs that intransitivized from "transitive+transitive" compound verbs and verbs that are formed by the process of analogy. Whether the "transitive+transitive" compound verbs intransitivized or not is related to how much practical meaning the first component of the compound verb has. On the other hand, "transitive+intransitive" compound verbs that formally correspond to "transitive+transitive" compound verbs do not correspond to it on the meaning. Conversely, some kinds of "transitive+transitive" or "transitive+intransitive" compound verbs have the similar meaning. Those compound verbs are formed by the process of the analogy, and occur only in the prefixalized compound verbs.
    Relation: 東吳外語學報,27,111-144
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系] 期刊論文

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