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|Other Titles: ||The Development of "The Inventory of Organizational Factors to Creativity Development": An Example in Technology Companies|
Yeh, Yu-Chu;Wu, Jing-Jjyi
|Issue Date: ||2014-06-27 14:50:45 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||科技産業如何變革與創新，以再創台灣經濟奇蹟，是當前台灣科技産業應努力的方向，而如何促進員工的創造力為其成功的關鍵。組織環境影響員工的創造力甚巨，編製一份適當的評量工具，以幫助科技産業瞭解其組織環境並進行革新，實有其必要性。本研究的目的在根據訪談結果，編製一分評量科技産業有助於創意發展的組織環境量表－創意發展組織因素量表(IOF-CD)。本研究包括訪談及量表預試兩大階段。訪談階段的參與者為30位科技領域的高創意者；量表預試階段的參與者爲 285 位科技產業人員。研究中所使用的資料分析方法包括內容分析、Cronbach's α內部一致性分析、探索性因素分析、皮爾森積差相關、t考驗、次數分配及描述統計。研究發現IOF-CD具有良好的信度與效度。IOF-CD包含四個因素：創造機會、滿足需求，鼓勵創意表現、重視溝通合作，重視異質交流、合作融洽，主管具專業知能、尊重新意；各因素的α係數依次為.86、.88、.87、.77，總量表的α係數為.94。IOF-CD的分數除了與自評創意程度有顯著相關外，也能有效區辨自評爲高創意者及自評爲低創意者的組織環境。|
Employees' development of creativity has been suggested as a key factor to the success of a company; as a result, it is invaluable to develop an instrument that helps technology companies evaluate their organizational atmosphere and accordingly, implement necessary innovation. The purpose of this study was to, based on interviews, develop an inventory for understanding organizational factors that influence their employees' creativity development in technology companies. This study included two phases: interview and pretest of the inventory. Thirty highly creative people in the field of technology participated in the interview and 283 employees in technology companies participated in the pretest. Data analysis methods included content analysis, internal consistency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, Pearson correlation, t-test, frequency, and descriptives. The findings in this study revealed that the developed inventory (The Inventory of Organizational Factors to Creativity Development, IOF-CD) had satisfactory reliability and validity. The IOF-CD comprised four factors; the Cronbach's α coefficients for the four factors and all items were .86, .88, .87, .77, and .94, respectively. In addition to having a significant correlation with self-report scores of creativity, the score of IOF-CD had power in distinguishing those who were creative from those who were not.
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[心理學系] 期刊論文|
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