Post-Print筆數 : 27 |
Items with full text/Total items : 91280/121421 (75%)
Visitors : 25440321
Online Users : 96
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Other Titles: ||A Reassessment of the Political Thought of Chen Duxiu (1879~1942)|
Chen Duxiu;Chinese communist history;May Fourth movement;International Communism
|Issue Date: ||2014-08-05 10:40:07 (UTC+8)|
Due to the domination of ideology in the study of the history of the Chinese Communist Party, countless taboos and bans on specific issues and historical figures have been established. Consequently, the political theory on socialism as well as the strategy of Chinese revolution developed by Chen Duxiu, the expelled founder and former General Secretary of the CCP, was intensely distorted and considered as deviationism. This is especially true because Chen highly appreciated the ideas of Leon Trotsky, severely criticized the leadership of the Comintern and Stalinism, and in turn denounced Maoism. Given today's atmosphere of reform and openness, some scholars in mainland China have started taking an open-minded approach to the study of Chen's career and ideas. However, the main thrust of this evaluation remains negative.The May Fourth Movement (1918) has been known as a response to the unfair Treaty of Versailles, under which Japan succeeded the privileges of defeated Germany in China. It could also been seen as a cheerful echo to the Russian Revolution in 1917. Being the leader of the May Fourth Movement and the founding father of the CCP, Chen's ideas and position are so complicated that tracing the dynamic development of his political theory is inseparable from the Chinese Communist movement itself.This article aims at reassessing Chen's political theory regarding the strategy of Chinese Revolution, the importance of liberty, the practice of democracy, and the necessity of internationalism. Even if Chen was famous as a patriot and insisted the independent status of the CCP from Moscow, he refused to overemphasize the role of the “State”. Contrasting with the overwhelming dogma of Maoism and Dengism, this article argues that the lack of individual liberty, honest international cooperation, and therefore the fullness of pragmatic compliance with realistic power are the inner causes of the crisis in Chinese Communism.
|Relation: ||中國大陸研究, 43(1), 63-77|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
Files in This Item:
All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.