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    Title: 自然科學期刊引文特性研究
    A Citation Characteristic Study on Journal Literature of Natural Science
    Authors: 林彥均
    Lin, Yen Chun
    Contributors: 蔡明月
    Tsay, Ming Yueh
    林彥均
    Lin, Yen Chun
    Keywords: 自然科學
    引用文獻分析
    內容分析
    引用模式
    文獻老化
    引用類型
    natural science
    citation analysis
    content analysis
    citation pattern
    literature obsolescence
    citation type
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-09-01 13:47:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究根據2011年科學版期刊引用報告,自化學、化學工程、微生物、醫學、植物學等五個學科擇國內、國外期刊各一種共10種自然科學期刊,抽樣2012年一年間出版之300篇研究型論文作為研究對象,採用引用文獻分析法與內容分析法,收集樣本論文所引用之參考文獻及引用文獻,分析其資料類型、語文、數量、年代分布、引用年齡中數與引用文獻類型,並使用統計方法檢驗國內外各學科樣本的同質性,以探究並比較國內各學科自然科學期刊論文的引用模式、文獻老化現象與引用文獻功能,進而了解自然科學期刊的引用文獻特性。
    經研究結果發現,10種樣本期刊參考文獻資料類型皆以期刊為主,使用語言以英文為大宗,國外樣本期刊亦引用中文文獻;而國內樣本期刊之參考文獻篇數則普遍低於同學科之國外樣本期刊。在文獻老化現象方面,10種樣本期刊之研究傾向使用10年內出版文獻;相較於社會科學與人文學,自然科學樣本期刊之參考文獻老化速度較快。在引用類型方面,10種樣本期刊引用類型以「研究動機與問題」為最多,「研究動機與問題」類型則以化學樣本期刊比例最高,「背景資訊」以微生物學樣本期刊比例最高,「比較」以醫學樣本期刊比例最高,「辯證、思考與假設」以微生物學比例最高;而各學科樣本期刊國內外差異主要出現在「研究動機與問題」、「研究方法」、「比較」、「辯證、思考與假設」類型,微生物學和植物學引用類型分布則較為平均。
    本研究之發現或可做為資訊機構與文獻索引資料庫建置單位之參考,並提供未來研究可能的方向。
    To better understand the journal citation characteristics of natural science, the current study addresses the issue in aspects of citation patterns, literature obsolescence, and citation function. Document type, language, quantity and year of references, median citation age, and citation type of structured research articles are collected and analyzed using methods of citation analysis and content analysis; various tests for homogeneity are conducted as well. 300 articles are collected as samples from 10 source journals indexed in 2011 Journal Citation Reports (Science Edition) in chemistry, chemical engineering, microbiology, medicine, and botany, with one domestic journal and one foreign journal in each discipline.
    According to the results, journal articles are the most common document type among references in the 10 source journals. English publications are the major source of references, while Chinese publications are referenced by not only domestic journals but some foreign journals as well. As for references cited in the sample articles, the averages of reference number in foreign journals are generally higher than those of domestic journals in each discipline. In view of literature obsolescence, articles in the 10 source journals tend to cite literature published within 10 years, and the references collected from sample articles age faster than those of social science and humanities disciplines examined in previous studies. With respects to citation type proposed by Peritz, “setting the stage for the present study” appears the most in all source journals with chemical journals ranking first. Percentage of “background information” is the highest in the source journals of microbiology, “comparative” in medicine, and “argumental, speculative, hypothetical” in microbiology. The differences between domestic and foreign source journals in the five disciplines primarily occur in "setting the stage for the present study," "methodological," "comparative," and "argumental, speculative, hypothetical," while the distribution of citation type is more equitable in source journals of botany and microbiology.
    The findings of the current study may serve as reference for information institutes or constructors of citation index database, and provide some directions for future studies.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    圖書資訊與檔案學研究所
    100155005
    102
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1001550051
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[圖書資訊與檔案學研究所] 學位論文

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