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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 哲學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/70370
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/70370


    Title: 從傅柯與德希達在《古典時代瘋狂史》中的爭論談「空間配置的考古學」
    On the Archaeology of “Dispositif Spatial ” from the debate of Foucault and Derrida on ";Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique"
    Authors: 林群越
    Lin, Cyun Yue
    Contributors: 蔡錚雲
    Tsai, Cheng Yun
    林群越
    Lin, Cyun Yue
    Keywords: 瘋狂史
    話語事件
    起源
    界限
    空間配置
    權力配置
    異質拓樸學
    History of Madness
    Discursive event
    Origin
    Limit
    Dispositive of Power
    Spatial Dispositive
    Hétérotpologie
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-10-01 13:50:32 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 法國思想家德希達於1963年的哲學會議上,發表〈我思與瘋狂史〉評論傅柯在1961年出版的《古典時代瘋狂史》。德希達認為,傅柯在《古典時代瘋狂史》中以考古學的方式探尋非理性起源史、理性/瘋狂的界限史,本質上仍屬於某種歷史主義、某種編年史的考究,並且認為在經驗歷史的層次談論理性與瘋狂的界限猶如隔靴搔癢,無法進入此議題的本質。藉著《古典時代瘋狂史》的論調,德希達建構了另一種理性/瘋狂的界限論述,依此說明,理性與瘋狂的界限(理性/瘋狂),是伴隨著思想活動的每個當下而發生,故僅有在思想活動的層次才能形構出理性/瘋狂中間的分隔號、界限、起源。

    本文在第一章概述這場爭論的背景:法國60年代的思想史脈絡。第二章進入傅柯「理性/瘋狂」的界限思考,並闡析德希達在〈我思與瘋狂史〉中對此論調的批評。第三章正式進入傅柯,筆者認為德希達誤解傅柯,一方面是傅柯在書寫《古典時代瘋狂史》時,考古學方法論尚未成熟,故交代不清;另一方面是德希達刻意將傅柯劃入起源的形上學,並藉此解構傳統在場的形上學。釐清傅柯對「理性/瘋狂」之起源概念的關鍵在於傅柯思想的基底材料:考古學意義下的話語事件。筆者將在此章節會清楚地交代。第四章闡釋考古學到系譜學的發展動態,並把焦點定在傅柯思想的核心概念:「配置」,筆者認為,配置是傅柯思想的基礎形式,透過配置,我們更能清楚地看到傅柯心目中的「起源/決斷」之意義(話語事件);另一方面筆者依此概念疏理傅柯在1970後的思想轉型,於此我們涉及了傅柯的權力分析學,並解釋系譜學意義的話語事件。最後,在第五章,筆者藉由配置與話語事件的關係說明傅柯的空間性思維,藉此標誌出特屬於傅柯思想的特異性:異托邦:配置的是異托邦概念的實際操作,配置就是「異質拓樸學」。
    In 1963, French philosopher Derrida had commented on Foucault’s <History of Madness>(Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique) in his conference paper <Cogito and History of Madness>. The archaeology method that Foucault applied to discuss the origin of non-reason and the limit of reason/madness, Derrida believed, is basically just a kind of historicism and chronicle study and it is far from enough to inquire the limit of reason/madness merely out of history of experience. Thus, Derrida constructed a different way to expound the limit of reason/madness, in order to declare that the relation of reason and madness is accompany with every moment of our thinking activity, and we can only construct the limit of reason/madness in the level of thinking activity.

    The first chapter of this dissertation, is the context of French intellectual history in 1960s, as the background of this debate. In the second chapter, I go through Foucault’s thought on the limit of “Reason/Madness”, and Derrida’s critic of it in< Cogito and History of Madness >. By the third chapter, I step from Foucault’s thoughts and claim that in this debate Derrida’s critic is actually out of his misunderstanding of Foucault. On the one side, since the Archaeology as a methodology is not mature when Foucault was written the < History of Madness >, that turns out Foucault cannot declare the concept of Archaeology clearly; on the other side, Derrida sedulously put Foucault’s thought into the metaphysics of origin, and used it to deconstruct traditional metaphysics of presence. In order to clarify the origin of “Reason/Madness” ’s concept, the crucial point is to understand the basic material of Foucault’s thought: Discursive event in the framework of archaeology, which I mention in the third chapter. In the forth chapter, I discuss the development from archaeology to genealogy, and focus on the core concept “ Dispositif ” (Dispositive) in Foucault’s philosophy. I believe that Dispositif is the fundamental form of Foucault’s thought, and via Dispositif, we can getting more close to the meaning of “Origin/Decision” in Foucault’s mind; At the same time, I use this concept to sort out how Foucault’s thought changed after 1970. I mention Foucault ‘s analysis of power and explain how he deployed discursive event’s meaning in the genealogy. At last, in the fifth chapter, I explain Foucault’s spatial thought from the relationship between Dispositif and discursive event, from it I can point out the singularity of his thought: Hétérotopie,as Dispoistif is the actual usage of the Hétérotopie concept, Dispositif is Hétérotopologie.
    Reference: 一、 外文參考文獻:原著、譯著與期刊論文

    1、原著與翻譯

    (1)法文文本

    Foucault, M., 1961, Folie et Dérasion : Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique, Paris: Gallimard.
    ──, 1966, Les Mots et les Choses, Paris: Gallimard.
    ──, 1976, Surveiller et Punir, Paris: Gallimard.
    ──, 1994, Dits et Écrits Vol: I-IV, Paris: Gallimard.
    ──, 1997, Il Faut Défendre la Société: Cours au Collège de France, 1976. Paris: Seuil/Gallimard.
    ──, 2003, Le pouvoir psychiatrique: Cours au Collège de France, 1973-1974. Paris: Seuil/Gallimard.
    ──, 2004, Sécurité, Territoire, Population: Cours au Collège de France, 1977-1978. Paris: Seuil/Gallimard.
    ──, 2004, Naissance de la Biopolitique: Cours au Collège de France, 1978-1979. Paris: Seuil/Gallimard.

    Jacque Derrida, 1962, Introdution à “L’Origine de la géométrice”de Husserl, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

    (2)英文文本

    i、英文專書

    Foucault, M., 1972, The Archaeology of Knowledge, translate by A. M. Sheridan Smith, London and New York: Routledge.
    ──, 1976, The Birth of the Clinic, translate by A. M. Sheridan, London and New York: Routledge.

    ──, 2002, The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences, London and New York: Routledge.

    ──, 2003, Society Must Be Defended: Lectures at the Collège de France 1975-1976, translated by David Macey, Picador: New York.
    ──, 2006, Psychiatric power: Lectures at the Collège de France 1973-1974, trans. by Graham Burchell, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    ──, 2006, History of Madness, trans. by Jonathan Murphy and Jean Khalfa, ed. by Jean Khalfa, London and New York: Routledge.
    ──, 2007, Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France 1977-1978, trans. by Graham Burchell, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Hubert L. Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow, 1983, Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, Second Edition, Chicago: The Chicago University.

    Derrida, J., 1989, Edmund Husserl’s Origin of Geometry: An Introduction by Jaques Derrida, translate by John P. Leavey, Jr., Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

    Schürmann , R., 1990, Heidegger on Being and Acting: From Principles to Anarchy, translate from The French by Christine-Marie Gros in Collaboration with the Author, Indiana: Indiana University Press.


    Martin Heidegger, 1991, The Principle of Reason, translate by Reginald Lilly, Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

    Eribon. D., 1992, Michel Foucault, translate by Besty Wing, Cambridge and Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

    Scott, R. 1993, An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon, edited by H. G. Liddell, New York: American Book Company.

    Hugh J. Silverman, 1994, Textualities: Between Hermeneutics and Deconstruction, New York and London: Routledge.

    ii、英文篇章

    ──, 1972, “The Discourse on Language”, in Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge & the Discourse on Language, trans. by A. M. Sheridan Smith, New York: Pantheon.
    ──, 1980, “Truth and Power”, in Michel Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977, ed. By Colin Gordon, Brighton: The Harvester Press, pp. 109-133.
    ──, 1988, “On Power”, in Michel Foucault, Politics, Philosophy, Culture: Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977, edited and introduction by Lawrence D. Kritzman, translated by Alan Sheridan and others, New York: Routledge, pp. 96-109.
    ──, 1994, “Le Jeu de Michel Foucault”, in Dits et écrits. Vol: II. no. 206, Paris: Gallimard, pp. 298-328.(英譯本:“The Confession of the Flesh” in Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writtings 1972-1977, edited by Colin Gordan, New York: Pantheon, pp. 194-228.)
    ──, 1998, “Different Spaces”, in Michel Foucault, The Essential Foucault: Selections from The Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984, volume II: Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology, edited by James D. Faubion, New York: The New Press, pp.175-186.
    ──, 1998, “Candidacy Presentation: Collège de France, 1969”, in Michel Foucault, The Essential Works of Michel Foucault 1954-1984, volume I, Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth, edited by Paul Rabinow, New York: The New Press, pp. 5-10.
    ──, 2003, “On the Archaeology of Sciences: Response to the Epistemology Circle”, in Michel Foucault, The Essential Foucault: Selections from The Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984, edited by Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, pp. 392-422.
    ──, 2003, “Foucault”, in Michel Foucault, The Essential Foucault: Selections from The Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984, edited by Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, pp. 1-5.
    ──, 2003, ”The Ethics of the Concern of the Self as a Practice of Freedom”, in Michel Foucault, The Essential Foucault: Selections from The Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984, edited by Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, pp. 25-42.
    ──, 2003, “Polemics, Politics, and Problematizations”, in Michel Foucault, The Essential Foucault: Selections from The Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984, edited by Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, pp.18-24.
    ──, 2006,” Preface to the 1961 edition”, in Michel Foucault, History of Madness, edited by edited by Jean Khalfa, London and New York: Routledge, pp. xxvii-xxxvi.
    ──, 2006, “Madness, The Absence of an Oeuvre”, in Michel Foucault, History of Madness, edited by edited by Jean Khalfa, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 541-549.
    ──, 2006, “Preface to the 1972 edition”, in Michel Foucault, History of Madness, edited by edited by Jean Khalfa, London and New York: Routledge, pp. xxxvii-xxxix
    ──, 2006, “ Reply to Derrida”, in Michel Foucault, History of Madness, edited by edited by Jean Khalfa, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 575-590.

    Gilles Deleuze, “What is a Dispositf ?”, in Michel Foucault Philosopher, trans. and ed. by T. J. Armstrong, New York: Routledge, 1992, pp. 159-168.

    Derrida, J., 2001, “Cogito and The History of madness” in Jacques Derrida, Writing and Difference, translate by Alan Bass, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 36-76.

    Giorgio Agamben, 2009, The Signature of All Things on Method, translated by Luca D’Isanto with Kevin Attell, New York: Zone Books.
    Giorgio Agamben, 2009, “What is an Apparatus” in Giorgio Agamben, What is an Apparatus, translated by David Kishik and Stefan Pedatella, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

    iii、期刊論文

    Sprinker, Michel, 1980, ‘Textual Politics’, Boundary 2, vol. 8, no. 1.

    Said, Edward W., 1983, ‘Criticism Between Culture and System’, in The World, the text, and the Critic, Cambridege, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

    D’Amico, Robert, 1984, ‘Textual and Context: Derrida and Foucault on Descartes’, in John Fekete(ed.), The Structural Allegory, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    Wood, David, 1985, ‘Differance and the Promblem of Strategy’, in David Wood and Robert Bernasconi (eds), Derrida and Differance, Warwick : Parousia Press.

    Flash, Perer, 1986, ‘(con)textual Contest, ‘Derrida and Foucault on Madness and the Cartersian Subject’, Philosophy of Social Sciences, Vol. 16.

    Frow, John, 1986, Marxism and Literary History, Oxford : Blackwell.

    Jeffrey Bussolini, 2010, “What is a Dispositive? ”, in Foucault Studies, no. 10

    二、中文翻譯與參考資料

    1、著作中譯本與中文書

    米歇爾‧福柯(Michel Foucault),1997,《權力的眼睛─福柯訪談錄》,嚴鋒譯,上海:人民大學出版社。
    ──,2002,《古典時代瘋狂史》,林志明譯,北京:三聯書店。
    ──,2003,《知識考古學》,謝強、馬月譯,北京:三聯書店。
    ──,2003,《福柯集》,杜小真編選,上海:遠東出版社。
    ──,2003,《外邊思維》,洪維信譯,台北:行人出版社。
    ──,2003,《規訓與懲罰》,劉北成、楊遠嬰譯,北京:三聯書店出版社。
    ──,2010,《福柯讀本》汪民安主編,,北京:北京大學出版社。
    ──,2010,《性經驗史》,佘碧平譯,上海:上海世紀出版社。
    ──,2010,《不正常的人》,錢翰譯,上海:上海人民出版社。
    ──,2010,《必須保衛社會》,錢翰譯,上海:上海人民出版社 。
    ──,2010,《安全、領土與人口》,錢翰、陳小徑譯,上海:上海人民出版社
    ──,2010,《傅柯說真話》,鄭義愷譯,台北市:群學出版社。
    ──,2011,《臨床醫學的誕生》,劉北成譯,南京:譯林出版社。
    ──,2012,《詞與物─人文科學考古學》,莫偉民譯,上海:三聯書店出版社。

    汪子嵩、范明生、陳村富、姚介厚合著,1988,《古希臘哲學史─第一卷》,北京:人民出版社。

    梅奎爾(J. G. Merquior)著,1998,《傅柯》,陳瑞麟譯,台北:桂冠出版社。

    亞里斯多德(Aristotle)著,《形而上學》,2000,苗力田譯,北京:人民大學出版社。

    雅克‧德里達(Jacque Derrida),2004,《書寫與差異》,張寧譯,台北:麥田出版社。
    ──,2000,張正平譯,《他者的單語主義─起源的異肢》,台北:桂冠圖書出版社。
    ──,2004,方向紅譯,《胡賽爾〈幾何學起源〉導論》,南京:南京大學出版社。

    鄧‧司各脫著(Dun Scout),2004,王路、王彤譯,《論第一原理》,香港,道風書社。

    高宣揚,2005,《福柯的生存美學》,北京:中國人民出版社。
    ────,2005,《後現代論》,北京:中國人民出版社。
    ────,2005,《當代法國哲學導論》(上、下),上海:同濟大學出版社。

    修柏特‧德雷福斯(Hubert L. Dreyfus)、保羅‧拉比諾(Paul Rabinow)著,錢俊譯,《傅柯─超越結構主義與詮釋學》,台北縣:桂冠出版社。

    費德希克‧格霍(Frédéric Gros)著,2006,《傅柯考》,何乏筆、楊凱麟、龔卓軍合譯,台北市:麥田出版社。

    朱曉惠,2007,《哲學是革命的武器─阿爾都塞意識型態理論研究》,北京:學林出版社。

    倪梁康著,2007,《胡塞爾現象學概念通釋》(修訂版),北京:三聯書店出版社。

    愛德蒙‧胡塞爾(Edmund Husserl)著,2008,《歐洲科學的危機與超越論的現象學》,王炳文譯,北京:商務印書館。

    朱玉媛編著,2008,《檔案學基礎》,湖北:武漢大學出版社。

    黃瑞祺主編,2008,《再見福柯:福柯晚期思想研究》,北京:浙江大學出版社。

    文德爾班(Wilhelm Windelband)著,羅達仁譯,《哲學史教程》(上卷),2009,北京:商務印書館。

    笛卡爾著,龐景仁譯,《第一哲學沉思集》,2009,北京:商務印書館。

    馬里翁(Jean-Luc Marion)著,方向紅譯,2009,《還原與給予》,上海:上海譯文出版社。

    弗朗索瓦‧多斯(François Dosse)著,季廣茂譯,2012,《結構主義史》,北京:金城出版社。
    弗朗索瓦‧多斯(François Dosse)著,季廣茂譯,2012,《解構主義史》,北京:金城出版社。

    王慶豐,2011,《德里達發生現象學研究》,北京:中國社會科學出版社。

    阿藍‧布羅薩(Alain Brossat)著,2012,《傅柯/危險哲學家》,羅惠珍譯,台北:麥田出版社。

    喬治‧巴塔耶(Georges Bataille)著,2012,《情色論》,賴守正譯,台北:聯經出版社。

    李秋零著,《德國哲人視野中的歷史》,2011,北京:中國人民大學出版社。

    伯努瓦‧皮特斯(Benoît Peeters)著,2014,魏柯玲譯,《德里達傳》,北京:人民大學出版社。

    2、中文期刊

    張榮,〈奧古斯丁的靈魂觀〉,《河北示範大學學報》(哲學社會科學版),1998年第三期,頁27-29。

    于治中,〈阿爾杜塞與意識型態的物質性〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》第三十一期,台北市:中央研究院,1998年9月,頁97-113。

    楊凱麟,〈分裂分析傅柯(4):界限存有論與邊界─事件系譜學〉,《中外文學》,第37卷第3期,台北市:中外文學月刊社,2008年,頁45-61。

    林志明,〈權力與正常化:由《精神醫療權力》邁向《不正常的人》〉,收錄於黃瑞祺編,《再見福柯:福柯晚期思想研究》,2008,北京:浙江大學出版社,頁181-209。

    邱德亮,〈事件回歸之後,歷史如何書寫事件?〉,《新史學》,第19卷第3期,台北市:新史學社,2008年,頁1-39。

    黃雅嫻,〈文本的閱讀與詮釋──傅柯與德希達對笛卡爾的「瘋狂」問題之論辯〉,《哲學與文化》,第三十八卷第八期,台北縣:輔仁大學,2011年8月,頁63-81。

    高凌霞,〈多瑪斯論「去障之路」(The Apophatic Way)〉。《哲學與文化》,第三十一卷第十二期,台北縣:輔仁大學,2004年12月,頁61-78。

    3、碩士、博士論文

    國立中山大學哲學研究所,碩士論文,林耀秋,《集置與部署:「海德格與傅柯」遭逢的一種哲學軌跡》,2007。

    國立政治大學哲學研究所,博士論文,謝宗宜,《傅柯《性史》中的倫理與自由》,2012。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    哲學研究所
    99154005
    102
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0991540053
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 學位論文

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