本文以引用文獻分析法探討我國政府文獻之使用，研究對象為政治大學社會科學學院1996-1999年間之博士論文。本文由109冊論文中獲得1330筆有效政府文獻引文樣本，統計結果顯示博士論文平均每冊引用13筆政府文獻，佔中文書目9.07%，佔全部書目5.31%。將近八成論文引用過政府文獻，但引用量低於平均值（13筆）者幾近半數。本文並以資料類型、出版單位、文獻年齡、提名種數等面向分析政府文獻被引用的情形，最後提出後續研究之建議。 This article explores the academic use of the government documents of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Using citation analysis method, 109 doctoral dissertations of the College of Social Science, NCCU, ranging from 1996 to 1999, were examined. 1330 effective samples of the citations to R.O.C. government documents were retrieved from all the Chinese citations in the dissertations. The results showed that each dissertation cited 13 government documents in average, which accounted for 9.07% of the Chinese citations, and 5.31% of the total citations. 77.98% of the dissertations cited at least one government document, while those citing less than the average number accounted for almost half of the dissertations. The citations to government documents were further analyzed by their types, publishers, ages, and titles. At last, some suggestions for future studies are proposed.