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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/71790


    Title: 社會資本理論與研究簡介
    Other Titles: Introduction to Social Capital Theory and Its Research
    Authors: 林南
    Lin, Nan
    Contributors: 社會系
    Keywords: 社會資本;社會資源能量;社會資源運用化;定位法
    Social capital;Social resource capacity;Social resource utilization;Position generator
    Date: 2007.04
    Issue Date: 2014-12-03 16:52:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 這篇論文包括四個主題,第一:何謂社會資本?第二,社會資本理論的簡介,第三,如何計量社會資本?第四,有關社會資本研究的例子。\r社會資本是什麼?現今的研究尚無法下定論,因此,我的目的就是研究社會資本的定義和理論,期使清楚瞭解哪些是社會資本、哪些不是社會資本。我們必須要挽救社會資本的概念與理論,否則其可能就會瓦解,原因是現在的很多社會學者將其視為一個時尚的問題,許多人都在討論,然而最後要如何定義卻都無法掌握。因之,我們必須要定義社會資本。這裡所提到的觀點乃是我的詮釋,關於社會資本有許多理論,也有許多不同的觀點,到底其之間的關係如何?我們可以進行一些討論。第三個主題是討論有關計量的問題,也是一個在概念和理論上很重要的問題,我們不能隨手抓一筆資料,就認為其是社會資本,因此在這裡也要介紹比較標準化的計量方法,然後再舉一些例子說明社會資本研究。
    This paper covers four key subjects: (1) How to conceptualize social capital? (2) What is the theory of social capital? (3) How to measure social capital? (4) And, it introduces researches on social capital. This article tries to distinguish the concept of social capital from the concept of capital as defined by Marx, the human capital defined by economist and the cultural capital. Nan Lin’s theory of social capital stresses that social capital includes social resources which are embedded in interpersonal relations and social networks, and are also an investment in social relations.The propositions regarding social capital are as it follows: The investments in social relations are structurally constrained and contain choices of actions.The more diversified resources individuals can access, the better. There are two dimensions of investment behaviors: the resource capacity of accessed social networks and the resource utilization. Social capital theory is also concerned with the instrumental and expressive return of the network investment. Finally, Nan Lin puts emphasis on the measure of the capability of social capital and uses the method of position generator to collect network data. The position generator uses a series of ranked position to generate social contacts, that is to say individuals who know people who are in that position. Both the creation and Return of social capital are the major parts of social capital analyses.
    Relation: 社會科學論叢, 1(1), 1-32
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[社會學系] 期刊論文

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