維護健康的責任視為個人的資源，以因應危險因子並保持情緒幸福感，甚至有促進身體健康與降低憂鬱的影響效果。因此，本研究旨在探討國內民眾的自覺健康狀態、健康責任、情緒幸福感及憂鬱的關係。研究對象為 18 歲以上的民眾，共計 1948 位，採用「健康責任評估量表」、「情緒幸福感量表」及「 臺灣憂鬱症量表」作為研究 工 具 ，透過實徵資料的蒐集，利用結構方程式模型，進行相關性分析。研究結果發現：1.健康責任與情緒幸福感為顯著的正向關係。2.健康責任與憂鬱有顯著負向關連。3.情緒幸福感與憂鬱為顯著的負向關係。本研究結果有助於瞭解民眾的自覺健康狀態、健康責任、情緒幸福感及憂鬱的關係，文末針對實務工作及未來研究，提出各項具體建議。 Health responsibility is a resource for mankind to cope with risk factors and maintain emotional well-being. It also may have a positive impact on physical health and reduction of depression. The main purpose of this study is to explore the correlations among the Taiwanese self-reported health status, health responsibility, emotional well-being and depression. There are 1948 people stratified selected from Taiwan. Responses from a survey via questionnaires (“Health Responsibility Assessment Scale”, “Emotional Well-Being Scale” and “Taiwan Depression Scale”), of Taiwan residents aged 18 years and above, are used to explore the correlation among health responsibility, emotional well-being, and depression. The collected data was analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM). Findings are summarized as follows: 1. There are positive correlations existed among the health responsibility and emotional well-being. 2. Health responsibility and depression have been shown to be negatively correlated with each other. 3. Path analysis reveals a negative relationship between emotional well-being and depression. Results of this study identify important influences useful to health professionals for promoting emotional well-being in Taiwan residents. Finally, some suggestions for counseling interventions and future researches are proposed.