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    Title: 中國大陸國家權力與社會運動分析
    Other Titles: An Analysis on the State Power and Dissident Resistance in Contemporary China
    Authors: 王信賢
    Wang, Hsin-Hsien
    Contributors: 東亞所
    Keywords: 社會抗議;孤島效應;政治機會結構;相對剝奪感;國家-社會關係;國家能力
    Island effects;Political opportunity structure;Relative deprivation;Social resistance;State-society relationship;State capacity
    Date: 2006-06
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 17:47:03 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國大陸近來各種大規模的社會抗議事件層出不窮,已引發各國與學術界高度的關注,本文透過社會心理學分析、資源動員理論以及政治機會結構等相關理論的對話,並考量中國大陸政治體制、發展以及社會運動的現實,將上述理論整合進入當前中國「國家--社會」關係的架構中進行討論,說明收入分配高度差距以及各種貪污腐敗行為是社會弱勢群體「相對剝奪感」的最主要來源。然而,此種受剝削心態由於資源不足以及無法獲得社會菁英的奧援,使其無法形成有效的「組織性反對」,另一方面,國家透過基礎權力與專制權力的「軟硬兼施」,以及各種策略運作,包括製造「孤島效應」、「轉移民怨」策略以及操作「文革」與「蘇東」遺產等,也使得高頻率的社會運動無法形成更廣大的政治效應。但若社會失衡與貪腐行為持續,各種抗議與騷動仍將不會間斷。
    Over the past two decades and a half, with the maintenance of political stability and rapid economic growth, China has become the focus of world attention. At the same time, china is faced with various problems, some of which are quite complicated and challenging. These problems include the disparity of income distribution, the corruption of government officials, and dissident resistance, as a central dynamic in understanding the critical social tensions in Chinese society. However, oppression and resistance are symbiotic political acts one almost never occurs without the other. The strenuous conditions of social existence in China offer up plenty of cause for popular protest. But the CCP is still in tight control of political process and social movement. The proliferation of scholarship on cleavages and conflicts in relation to social movements have existed three distinct approaches which are psychology, particularly cognitive psychology, resource mobilization and political opportunity processes. This article integrates the former approaches into the “state-society relations” framework to analyze the dissident resistance and the responses of the Chinese government. It offers us a viewpoint to explore the strategies of CCP to prevent the turmoil from “nationalization”. Although it’s premature to evaluate the effectiveness of the new tactics, this article attempts to place the newly transformed dissident movement in political, institutional, and social context.
    Relation: 政治學報, 40, 85-114
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[東亞研究所 ] 期刊論文

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