本研究旨在了解幼稚園創作性戲劇教學的實施狀況以及其幼兒自我概念及創造力發展的現況，並進一步探討創作性戲劇教學對於幼兒自我概念及創造力之發展有正向小效果。本研究採用問卷調查法，並以立意取樣抽取台北縣市五所立案的私立幼稚園之五歲組幼兒105人。本研究的主要發現爲：（一）參與幼稚園實施創作性教學的頻率尚需加強；但參與幼兒的自我概念及創造力的表現均良好且無性別差異。（二）接受較高程度創作性戲劇教學的幼兒，其自我概念表現優於接受較低程度創作性戲劇教學的幼兒，尤其是在「社會接受度」、「人際關係技巧」及「知識及思考」方面。（三）接受較高程度創作性戲劇教學的幼兒，其創造力表現優於接受較低程度創作性戲劇教學的幼兒。 This study aimed to investigate the implement of creative drama instruction among kindergartens as well as the development of preschoolers' self-concept and creativity. Morover， this study examined the effects of creative drama instruction on preschoolers' self-concept and creativity. This study employed questionnaires to collect data; 5 kindergartens in Taipei City and Taipei County were sampled via purposive sampling and 105 children aged between 5 and 6 years were sampled. The main findings of this study were as follows: (1) The sampled kindergartens' frequency of implementing creative drama instruction needs to be increased. On the other hand， the preschoolers' self-concept and creativity were good and no gender differences on these variables were found. (2) Those who received higher level of creative drama instruction outperformed their counterparts on self-concept especially on ＂social acceptance＂， ＂interpersonal skills＂， and ＂knowledge and thinking＂. (3) Those who received higher level of creative drama instruction outperformed their counterparts on creativity.