This study examines the relative competitiveness of online and physical bookstores. Online bookstores have the advantage of being able to provide a wide range of books while minimizing inventory costs, but customers must wait several days for their books. Physical bookstores allow consumers to immediately obtain their books, but consumers must pay a transportation cost to visit the store. We can find the condition such that online bookstores charge a lower price than physical bookstores and take a larger market share, and attract a higher proportion of consumers who prefer variety. The implication of the welfare analysis is also discussed.
NETNOMICS: Economic Research and Electronic Networking, 13(3), 141-154