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    Title: 國營事業員工的職務角色與主觀績效認知之研究-以平衡計分卡績效指標為例
    The Study on Managerial Roles and Perceived Performance for State-Owned Enterprises Employees: the Perspectives of Balanced Scorecard Performance Indicators
    Authors: 于佳弘
    Yu, Jia Horng
    Contributors: 顏良恭
    Yen, Liang Kung
    于佳弘
    Yu, Jia Horng
    Keywords: 國營事業
    職務角色
    平衡計分卡
    主觀績效
    state-owned enterprises
    managerial role
    Balanced ScoreCard
    perceived performance
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2015-08-03 13:34:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 工作中,我們常常可以發現主管與員工對於工作上有著不同的看法,這些差異不僅會影響主管與員工之間的關係,同時也會對組織績效產生影響,為重視職務角色對於公司績效衡量認知差異的影響,並增加衡量指標的多元面向,本研究期藉由導入平衡計分卡的概念,兼顧組織績效評估的均衡性。爰此,以平衡計分卡之四項構面探討職務角色對於港務公司主觀績效指標之認知差異,輔以績效指標之重要性-滿意度分析,針對各構面的指標進行剖析。
    本研究以臺灣港務公司高雄港務分公司員工為填答對象,依照人員資位進行抽樣,總計發出350份問卷,共回收290份問卷,有效回收率為83%。採用量化分析方式,以LISREL進行量表之驗證性因素分析,並採用T檢定、單因子變異數分析(ANOVA)與重要性-滿意度分析(IPA)驗證各研究假設。
    根據實證分析結果,本研究獲致以下四項主要結論:(1)擔任主管員工於知覺績效指標重要性認知程度高於非主管員工;(2)擔任主管員工知覺實際實施表現感受之滿意度高於非主管員工;(3)知覺績效指標重要程度與實際實施表現感受之滿意度有顯著相關;(4)不同職務角色知覺績效指標重要程度與實際實施表現感受之滿意度有差異。
    本研究提出管理建議如下:於組織面可朝向(1)暢通決策管道與資訊透明化、(2)促進交流與溝通的開放、(3)朝向創新與彈性的制度設計、(4)改進人事制度、(5)檢討績效考評制度及(6)鼓勵單位間的相互合作;於員工層面應關心員工的適應情形與人際互動,增進組織認同感。
    In daily work,we can find that manager and staff have different opinion very often.This difference will not only affect the relationship between each other but also the working performance.To emphasis the different coginition of organizational performance evaluation by managerial role,and add the different dimention of performance indicators,this study use Balanced ScoreCard to make the organizational performance evaluation more balance.Therefore,the study will find out the coginition of state-owned enterprises perceived performance by managerial role in the perspective of BSC.Futhermore,we can through Importance- Performance Analysis to analysis the each dimension of BSC.
    This study is a case from TIPC,Port of Kaohsiung , The participants of the present study were employees and managers chosen by position in the company.Send out 350 questionaries,and 290 is returned,the responded rates is 83%.Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to examine the construct validity of adopted measurement instruments and T-test,ANOVA,IPA was employed to test the hypotheses.
    The main findings show that: (1) managers feel the performance indicators are more important than employees.(2) managers feel the performance indicators are more satisfied than employees.(3) the performance indicators’ importance and satisfication are significant relevance.(4) the performance indicators’ importance and satisfication will have different coginition by managerial role.
    Finally,few practical recommendations were made : from organizational perspect (1)open the decision making procedure and imformation.(2) letting the communication and exchange more often.(3) institution rules toward more innovate and flexible (4) change the personnel institution.(5) reviw the performance appraisal.(6) encourage sectors work together; from employee perspect:care about new staffs’ adapt situation and relationship,raising their organizational commitment.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    公共行政研究所
    100256003
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    Appears in Collections:[公共行政學系] 學位論文

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