創新是企業成長的引擎，隨著全球化的發展，供應商在全球價值鏈上扮演越來越多創新 的角色。因此，瞭解如何提升供應商的創新能力是很重要的議題。然而，文獻上對於供 應商在國際伙伴關係上發展創新能力的瞭解有限。因此，吾人打算進行三年期的研究以 瞭解此重要議題。第一年研究主要在探討供應商在國際伙伴關係上創新能力前因，理論 基礎建立在知識基礎理論，體制理論與創新擴散理論。第二年研究主要在探討供應商創 新的廠商績效結果，理論基礎建立在跨理論的整合資源基礎理論與情境理論。第三年研 究主要在以不同體制環境包括市場與轉型經濟體探討對於供應商在國際伙伴關係中創 新的前因與廠商績效結果的影響，理論基礎建立在體制理論。實證上第一年與第二年的 研究將以大陸電子廠商研究對象。第三年的實證將以台灣電子廠商為研究對象，實證結 果將與前兩年大陸電子廠商的結果作一比較以瞭解體制環境的影響程度。 Innovation plays a crucial role for firms’ growth. Globalization drives supplying firms to take more innovative value-added activities in international customer-supplier relationships. Accordingly, it is critical to develop an understanding of the innovative behaviors of supplying firms. However, extant literature lacks grounded theory and empirical evidence on suppliers’ innovation generation in international customer-supplier relationships. Hence, we attempt to propose a three years project to fill this gap. The main focus of the first year research is on antecedents of organizational sellers’ participation in international B2B electronic markets. The first year research is grounded in knowledge-based view, institutional theory and innovation diffusion theory. The main focus of the second year research is on performance outcomes of suppliers’ innovation generation in international customer-supplier relationships. The second year research is grounded on resource based view and contingency theory. The third year research focuses on how institutional environments including market and transition economies shape antecedents and outcomes of suppliers’ innovation generation in international customer-supplier relationships. The third year research builds on institutional theory. Empirically, this research adopts Chinese electronics suppliers as an empirical context for the first and second year research. The third year adopts Taiwanese electronics suppliers as an empirical context. The empirical results of third year compare with results in first and second year to understand the effect of institutional environments on innovation generation for suppliers in international customer-supplier relationships.