English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 92429/122733 (75%)
Visitors : 26292447      Online Users : 335
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/77577


    Title: 半導體Cu3(Sb1-xMx)Se4, M= Ti, Sn, Pb, Ge的摻雜效應對熱電性質的影響
    Doping Effects on Thermoelectric Properties of Semiconductor Cu3(Sb1-xMx)Se4 , M= Ti, Sn, Pb, and Ge
    Authors: 張家祥
    Chang, Chia Hsiang
    Contributors: 陳洋元
    Chen, Yang Yuan
    張家祥
    Chang, Chia Hsiang
    Keywords: P型熱電半導體
    高功率因子
    IV族摻雜
    P-type themoelectric semiconductor
    high power factor
    IV group dopant
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2015-08-17 14:11:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 銅銻硒礦是具有 0.3 eV狹窄能帶間隙的P型半導體,且已被發現是在中溫區下極具潛力的熱電材料。銅銻硒礦的晶體結構具有三維銅硒子框架可提供導電的電洞,而有較高的功率因子900 μW/mK2。銻硒四面體結構可藉由其他元素取代銻的位置,扭曲其鑽石結構以達到提高功率因子以及降低熱傳導的目的。理論預測可藉由 IV 族元素鍺、錫、鉛和過渡金屬鈦等元素取代銻來提供電洞載子。本研究藉由燒結與電漿放電製備樣品,探討鈦、錫、鉛、鍺取代銻的熱電效應。
    在上述之元素取代效應後,鈦與鉛並沒有帶來顯卓的熱電效應提升,反之錫與鍺能有效地提升電洞載子濃度,然而與摻錫的研究相似的結果已被其他團隊發表,惟鍺的取代效應則尚未被做完整的探討。2 % 鍺的取代有1200μW/mK2的功率因子,相較於母材(900μW/mK2)有 30 % 的提升,因此我們會對鍺的取代效應做完整一系列的研究。摻雜比例從 1~8 % 的結果裡,發現晶格熱傳導係數隨摻雜比例提升減少的合金效應,然而高於 6 % 的取代造成電導大幅提升,使得熱傳導的載子貢獻高於 50% 並嚴重降低載子移動率,致使功率因子大幅衰減與優質係數降低。 4% 的鍺摻雜在提高功率因子與降低熱傳導係數上皆有顯卓的表現,使得優質係數在溫度650 K達到 0.7 相對於母材 (0.54) 有30 %的提升。
    Cu3SbSe4 is a p-type semiconductor with a narrow band gap near 0.3 eV, and has been found to be a promising thermoelectric material at medium temperatures. The crystal structure of Cu3SbSe4 consists a three-dimensional [Cu3Se4] framework acting as electron hole conduction pathway which cause high power factor near 900 μW/mK2. The inserting guest atom to the Sb site of tetrahedral [SbSe4] framework cause a more distorted diamond-like structure, thus providing a relatively lower lattice thermal conductivity in relatively large electric conductivity. According to theoretical predication which are based on the defect formation energy and band structure calculations, p-type doping can be achieved by substituting Sb with group IV elements, as Ge, Sn, and Pb, and transition metals as Ti. This study is investigation of the doping effect in Cu3SbSe4 semiconductor which are prepared by melting and spark plasma sintering.
    Herein, we take a close look at the thermoelectric properties of Cu3SbSe4 which are mentioned in previous paragraph. No significant change in results of Ti and Pb. Carrier concentrations are dramatic increasing in results of Sn and Ge, but the results of Sn substitution were already reported by another group. Power factor of Ge substitution is 1,200μW/mK2 which is 30 % more than raw material. We did more study in germanium doping series because it have high power factor which did not be investigated in Cu3SbSe4. Alloy effects, as description of lattice thermal conductivity reducing with doping fraction increasing, are explored in Ge doping fraction from 1 % to 8 %. Although electric conductivity were largely enhanced, figure of merit were reducing by electric contribution of thermal conductivity were higher than 50 % and carrier mobility were significantly reducing when the doping fraction were higher than 4 %. Doping fraction in 4 % have relatively high power factor and relatively low thermal conductivity. Figure of merit in 4 % doping fraction is 0.7, as 30% more than 0.5 of raw material.
    Reference: 1. Nature materials VOL 7 FEBRUARY 2008, Snyder, Complex Thermoelectric Materials.pdf.
    2. Mater thesis.Univ.Twente.App Phys.Structural engineering of Ca3Co4O9 thermoelectric thin films.pdf.
    3. Do, D.T. and S.D. Mahanti, Theoretical study of defects Cu3SbSe4: Search for optimum dopants for enhancing thermoelectric properties. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2015. 625: p. 346-354.
    4. Yang, C., et al., New stannite-like p-type thermoelectric material Cu3SbSe4. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2011. 44(29): p. 295404.
    5. Liu, H., et al., Copper ion liquid-like thermoelectrics. Nat Mater, 2012. 11(5): p. 422-5.
    6. <Terry M. Tritt , Thermal Conductivity, Theory Properties and Applications.pdf>.
    7. Zhang, Y., et al., First-principles description of anomalously low lattice thermal conductivity in thermoelectric Cu-Sb-Se ternary semiconductors. Physical Review B, 2012. 85(5).
    8. Bulusu, A. and D.G. Walker, Review of electronic transport models for thermoelectric materials. Superlattices and Microstructures, 2008. 44(1): p. 1-36.
    9. Pei, Y.L., et al., High thermoelectric performance realized in a BiCuSeO system by improving carrier mobility through 3D modulation doping. J Am Chem Soc, 2014. 136(39): p. 13902-8.
    10. May, A.F., et al., Characterization and analysis of thermoelectric transport inn-typeBa8Ga16−xGe30+x. Physical Review B, 2009. 80(12).
    11. Wei, T.-R., F. Li, and J.-F. Li, Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Nonstoichiometric Compounds Cu3−x SbSe4 by Cu Deficiencies. Journal of Electronic Materials, 2014. 43(6): p. 2229-2238.
    12. Heremans, J.P., et al., Enhancement of thermoelectric efficiency in PbTe by distortion of the electronic density of states. Science, 2008. 321(5888): p. 554-7.
    13. Chen, C.-L., et al., Thermoelectric properties of p-type polycrystalline SnSe doped with Ag. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014. 2(29): p. 11171.
    14. Wei, T.-R., et al., Thermoelectric properties of Sn-doped p-type Cu3SbSe4: a compound with large effective mass and small band gap. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014. 2(33): p. 13527.
    15. Wang, H., et al., Material Design Considerations Based on Thermoelectric Quality Factor. 2013. 182: p. 3-32.
    16. Majsztrik, P.W., et al., Effect of thermal processing on the microstructure and composition of Cu–Sb–Se compounds. Journal of Materials Science, 2012. 48(5): p. 2188-2198.
    17. <Journal of Alloys and Compounds 561 (2013) 105–108-Effects of bismuth doping on the thermoelectric properties of Cu3SbSe4 at Moderate Temperature.pdf>.
    18. <APL 96, 181905 (2010) - Structural effects on the lattice thermal conductivity of ternary antimony- and bismuth-containing chalcogenide semic.pdf>.
    19. Qiu, W., et al., Part-crystalline part-liquid state and rattling-like thermal damping in materials with chemical-bond hierarchy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2014. 111(42): p. 15031-5.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    應用物理研究所
    102755011
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102755011
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[應用物理研究所 ] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    index.html0KbHTML227View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback