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    Title: 論美國武裝無人機的國際法問題
    On International law issues concerning U.S. armed UAVs
    Authors: 王正
    Wang, Cheng
    Contributors: 陳純一
    Chen, Chun I
    王正
    Wang, Cheng
    Keywords: 無人飛行載具
    無人機
    武裝衝突法
    全球反恐戰爭
    定點清除
    Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
    UAV
    Laws of Arm Conflict
    Global War on Terrorism
    Target Killing
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2015-10-01 14:26:26 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 無人飛行載具或簡稱無人機是一種不實際搭載乘員的飛行裝置,不論研發的目的為何其核心概念皆是希望以機械來代替人力從事較為辛苦或較為危險的工作;歷史上記載無人機由來已久,但是類議題真正受到國際社會關切乃是2001年9月11日九一一事件後才開始。為了回應九一一事件對美國的威脅,美國除了以行使自衛權為由進攻阿富汗外,更發動了以全球伊斯蘭極端主義份子為對象的「全球反恐戰爭」並且開始大量投入武裝無人機執行定點攻擊行動,狙殺蓋達組織領導人或是與其有關聯的極端主義團體的成員。

    隨著反恐戰爭的推進,美國派出的武裝無人機架次也逐年上升,隨之而來的是急遽上升的傷亡人數;驟增的傷亡數,尤其是平民傷亡引起了國際社會關切,其中「美國的武裝無人機攻擊是否違反國際法上關於武力使用的規範」成了急待解決的問題。本論文以當前國際法上關於武力使用的兩大規範:使用武力的合法性(Jus ad bellum)、武力使用的方式(Jus in bello)為途徑,檢視當前美國武裝無人機攻擊是否符合前述兩大規範,進而替美國武裝無人機攻擊衍生的國際法問題提供一個解答。
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    四、 國際法院判例:
    Corfu Channel Case (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. Albania), Judgment of 9 April 1949, I.C.J. Reports 1949.
    Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), Judgment of 27 June 1986, I.C.J. Reports 1986.
    Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996, I.C.J. Reports 1996.
    Case Concerning Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America), Judgment of 6 November 2003, I.C.J. Reports 2003.
    Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Advisory Opinion, of 9 July 2004, I.C.J Reports 2004.
    Case Concerning Armed Activities on the Territory of Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Uganda), Judgment of 19 December 2005.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    外交研究所
    101253003
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0101253003
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[外交學系] 學位論文

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