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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/78852


    Title: Energy Security, GATT/WTO, and Regional Agreements
    Authors: Shih, Wen-Chen
    施文真
    Contributors: 國貿系
    Keywords: Agreement;Energy;Exports;Free Trade;GATT;GATT WTO;Import;Policy Making;Trade;Trade Agreements;WTO
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2015-10-02 16:42:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Ensuring a steady supply of energy remains a priority for every nation's energy policymaking because most countries import energy resources. Therefore, trade in energy--in particular the export policies of major energy resources exporting countries--plays a crucial role in energy security planning. This article questions whether the legal principles of non-discrimination and prohibition on quantitative restrictions under the World Trade Organization (WTO) assist WTO Members in achieving energy security and, if so, why some WTO Members negotiate regional agreements with very strong energy connections, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Energy Charter Treaty. Does this imply that the WTO's role in energy security will be increasingly diminished and replaced by regional agreements? While this article finds that export controls under these regional agreements are more attuned to cater to the energy security needs of energy importing countries, this article concludes that the WTO will not, and cannot, be substituted by regional agreements in the context of energy security.
    Relation: Natural Resources Journal, 49(2), 433-484
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[國際經營與貿易學系 ] 期刊論文

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