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|Other Titles: ||Married Daughters Returning to Their Original Families and Dependent Relatives: Family Support in the Tang Dynasty.|
Tang dynasty;married daughters returning to their original families;dependent relatives;family support;family;ethics
|Issue Date: ||2015-12-01 15:10:57 (UTC+8)|
When the state has an inadequate system of aid for its citizens and there lacks measures to care for the needy in society, this highlights the importance of support from one’s family and relatives. Although such a spontaneous familial support system is perhaps limited in scope, when the idea of such a system becomes the common consensus, one cannot ignore the powerful impact this has on society. Providing help for relatives in need can increase the family burden, but those who are disadvantaged usually only seek help from family when they anticipate that their family will be willing to lend a helping hand. Influenced by Confucian ethics and a strong family awareness, both provider and recipient of help unconsciously internalize the notion of family support. During the Tang dynasty, family support customs differed between north and south. The relatively weaker influence of Confucian education in the south seemingly shows that southerners were less fervent in helping family members compared with northerners. At that time it was mainly orphans and widows who sought help from their families, though occasionally so did people down on their luck. Supporting family members in need is not just an altruistic act, but is also seen as a reciprocal arrangement mutually beneficial to both provider and recipient. This interactive process may span different generations, as those who provided the original help do not necessarily have to be the ones who benefit from any reciprocal support, which is precisely the reason why the idea of family support systems has spread so widely. During the Tang, the family support system was weakly organized. There was a lack of financial support from the clan, and the system was also not limited to members of the paternal family. Moreover, as commoners were also influenced by Confucian ethics, the idea of the familial support system became the norm across all socio-economic levels in Tang society.
|Relation: ||漢學研究, 32(4), 63-94|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[歷史學系] 期刊論文|
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