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    Title: 日本2001年至2012年預算權改革:不同制度安排之比較
    Other Titles: The Japanese Reform on Budget Formulation (2009~2012): Changes and Continuity
    Authors: 林超琦
    Lin, Chao-Chi
    Contributors: 政治系
    Keywords: 日本政治;經濟財政諮詢會議;國家戰略室;行政刷新會議;歷史制度論
    Japanese Politics;Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy;National Strategy Office;Government Revitalization Unit;Historical Institutionalism
    Date: 2015-06
    Issue Date: 2016-02-02 10:00:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 日本政府分別於2001年與2009年兩度改革預算制度,都是在內閣層級設立新的組織,移轉部分預算編列權限到內閣,希望透過改變編列預算的方式,來提高首相與內閣領導力,並解決各省廳的本位問題。前者是在內閣府設立經財政諮詢會議,後者則是分別在內閣官房與內閣府設立國家戰略室與行政刷新會議。儘管小泉內閣時期,透過經濟財政諮詢會議改革原有的預算編列方式,也成功地刪減財政支出,以及民主黨執政初期,行政刷新會議做出刪減預算的決定,國家戰略室也有設定降低財政赤字的目標,但是整體來說,兩次改革效果有限。本文採用歷史制度論為研究途徑,檢證經濟財政諮詢會議、國家戰略室以及行政刷新會議的實際運作,以理解預算制度變遷的背景與過程,以及為何兩次預算改革效果有限。
    The Japanese government reformed its budget institutions and budget processes in 2001 and 2009, establishing the Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy (CEFP) in 2001, and the National Strategy Office (NSO) and the Government Revitalization Unit (GRU) in 2009. By moving the Ministry of Finance's budget formulation authority to the Cabinet, it was expected that these new institutions would facilitate the prime minister's leadership. However, despite institutional changes, the budget formulation processes and the existing power relations among actors in the budget processes have remained much of the same. With particular focuses on how the CEFP, NSO, and GRU operated, this paper adopts historical institutionalism to investigate the evolution of budget institutions in Japan, and explain why the reform effects have been limited.
    Relation: 問題與研究, 54(2), 67-99.
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 期刊論文

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