English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 20 |  Items with full text/Total items : 90058/119991 (75%)
Visitors : 24070449      Online Users : 1594
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/81237


    Title: 在全球化架構下的蘇格蘭獨立主義
    Scotland's Separatism in the Context of Globalization
    Authors: 陳怡伶
    Chen, I Ling
    Contributors: 甘逸驊
    Kan, Francis
    陳怡伶
    Chen, I Ling
    Keywords: 全球化
    分裂主義
    全球化與分裂主義的辯論
    蘇格蘭分裂主義
    公投
    Globalization
    Separatism
    Globalization-Separatism Debate
    Scottish Independence
    Referendums
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2016-02-03 12:23:32 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在目前國際社會中,社會變遷讓分裂主義成為一個全球普遍存在的時代議題。考慮到越來越多的國際組織出現,及世界潮流也逐步朝向無國界的道路發展,全球化在公民社會上也開始扮演另一個重要影響的角色。分裂主義和全球化本是兩個矛盾無法共融的概念,歐洲卻是表現這兩個概念間產生關聯的最好例子,歐盟各會員國透過一體化來展現力量,但歐洲中的一些國家及某些區域又具有強烈的分離主義,這兩者彼此是無法共通的,但是現實又已經形成交集,因此也導致出一個有趣的辯論與分析。

    這些分裂主義運動不僅現時在歐洲各國擴散,在世界各國也形成一股風潮。英國、西班牙和加拿大這些國家,都處於分裂邊緣的發展,使單一國家的概念被大幅度挑戰。而分裂主義會成為如此熱門的議題,是因為最近世界經濟與社會的變化,鼓勵更多國家的公民與團體,往這麼個方向走出,如2014年克里米亞與烏克蘭分離事件、蘇格蘭公投,讓分離議題持續成為國際社會必須關注的焦點。蘇格蘭分裂主義的公投運動,自2014年以來一直是國際社會關注的焦點,主要的原因是這裡面意涵著,包含了兩個相互衝突的概念:蘇格蘭想要從英國獨立的分裂性,卻又支持全球化的互助性。因此,根據全球化分析加諸於分裂運動上的限制,將蘇格蘭做為全球化-分裂主義的個案研究,本研究提供有趣的見解與論斷,提供分裂運動各個面向的議題,在面臨全球化是否成為獨立成功可能性的參考。
    Separatism has never been as prevalent as it is now with the current shifts occurring in the international society. Globalization has been another prominent influence in the global community as well considering there have been more international institutions enacted and the world is increasingly becoming a borderless one. Separatism and globalization are two contradictory concepts and a prime example of the linkage between the two concepts can be seen through European integration and the regional separatist movements in Europe. Both are paradoxical and thus, they make for an interesting debate.
    Not only are these separatist movements widespread in countries of Europe but has become prominent in many countries all around the world. Countries such as the United Kingdom, Spain and Canada are on the verge of splitting up and with vivid alterations in society such as Putin’s annexation of Crimea and Scotland’s referendum in 2014, the topic of separatism has been at the forefront of the international community nowadays. Scotland’s separatist movement has been the one to watch since 2014 and the reason for this is because it encompasses both the conflicting concepts separatism and globalization considering Scotland supports globalization but also wishes for separation from the rest of the United Kingdom. Therefore, placing Scotland as the case study in the context of the globalization-separatism debate will offer interesting insights as to the constraints that globalization places on separatist movements, but also, the possibilities of a separatist movement becoming independent in the face of globalization.
    Reference: Books

    Allison, G. (2005), Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe, New York: Holt Paperbacks
    Andersen, C. M., et al. (1997), The Development of Scottish Nationalism, Aalborg: Aalborg University Press
    Anderson, B. (1991), Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London: Verso
    Anderson, B. (1993), Imagined Communities, London: Verso [1st Edition, 1982]
    Arora, G. K. (2004), Globalization and Reorganizing Indian States: Retrospect and Prospects, New Delhi: Bookwell
    Bartkus, V. O. (1999), The Dynamic of Secession, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    Bisley, N. (2007), Rethinking Globalization, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
    Bookman, M. Z. (1992), The Economics of Secession, New York: St. Martin’s Press
    Brass, P. (1985), Ethnic Groups and the State, London: Croom Helm
    Brydon, D., and Coleman, W. (2008), “Globalization, Autonomy, and Community,” in Brydon, D., and Coleman, W., eds., Renegotiating Community, Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Global Contexts, Vancouver, Canada: UBC Press
    Buchanan, A. (1991), Secession: The Morality of Political Divorce from Fort Sumter to Lithuania and Quebec, Boulder, CO: Westview Press
    Butler, D., and Ranney, A. (1978), ‘Summing Up’ in Butler, D., and Ranney, A. (eds.), Referendums: A Comparative Study of Practice and Theory, Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
    Cameron, D. R., Ranis, G., and Zinn, A. (2006), Globalization and Self-Determination: Is the Nation-State Under Siege? Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy, Abingdon: Taylor & Francis
    Caney, S. (1998), “National Self-determination and National Secession, Individualist and Communitarian Approaches,” in Lehning, P., ed., Theories of Secession, London: Routledge
    Carment, D., James, P., and Taydas, Z. (2006), Who Intervenes? Ethnic Conflict and Interstate Crisis, Columbus: Ohio State University Press
    Chanda, N. (2007), Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers, and Warriors Shaped Globalization, New Haven: Yale University Press
    Clark, I. (1997), Globalization and Fragmentation, International Relations in the Twentieth Century, Oxford: Oxford University Press
    Coleman, W., Pauly, L., and Brydon, D. (2008), “Globalization, Autonomy and Institutional Change,” in Pauly, L., and Coleman, W., eds., Global Ordering, Institutions and Autonomy in a Changing World, Vancouver: UBC Press
    Conversi, D. (2011), ‘Globalization, Ethnic Conflict, and Nationalism,’ in Turner, B. S. (ed.), The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies, Abingdon: Routledge
    Crawford, B. (1998), “The Causes of Cultural Conflict: An Institutional Approach,” in Crawford, B., and Lipschutz, R., eds., The Myth of ‘Ethnic Conflict’: Politics, Economics, and ‘Cultural’ Violence, Berkeley: International and Area Studies, University of California Press
    Delanty, G. (2000), Citizenship in a Global Age, Society, Culture, Politics, Buckingham, UK: Open University Press
    Dryzek, J. S. (2000), Deliberative Democracy and Beyond: Liberals, Critics, Contestations, Oxford [England]; New York: Oxford University Press
    Eisenberg, A. (2001), ‘The Medium is the Message: How Referenda Lead Us to Understand Equality for Minorities,’ in Mendelsohn and Parkin (eds.), Referendum Democracy, Basingstoke, Hampshire [England]; New York: Palgrave
    Ferro, M. (1997), Colonization: A Global History, London: Routledge
    Friedman, T. (1999), The Lexus and the Olive Tree, New York: Anchor
    Freeman, A. (2008), London: A Cultural Audit, London: Greater London Economics
    Garrett, G. (1996), “Capital Mobility, Trade, and the Domestic Politics of Economic Policy,” in Keohane, R., and Milner, H., eds., Internationalization and Domestic Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    Geertz, C. (1967), “The Integrative Revolution: Primordial Sentiments and Civil Politics in the New States,” in Geertz, ed., Old Societies and New States, 3rd edition, New York: The Free Press
    Gellner, E. (1983), Nations and Nationalism, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
    Gellner, E. (2006), Nations and Nationalism, Oxford: Basil Blackwell/Ithaca: Cornell University Press [1st Edition, 1983]
    Goodin, R. E. (2008), Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice after the Deliberative Turn, Oxford: Oxford University Press
    Gurr, T. R., ed. (2000), People Versus States, Minorities at Risk in the New Century, Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press
    Hale, H. E. (2008), The Foundations of Ethnic Politics: Separatism of States and Nations in Eurasia and the World, Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press
    Halperin, M. and Scheffer, D. (1992), Self-Determination in the New World Order, Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
    Hastings, A. (1997), The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    Hayden, M., Thompson, J., and Levy, J. (2007), The SAGE Handbook of Research in International Education, London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE
    Hechter, M. (2000), Containing Nationalism, New York: Oxford University Press
    Held, D., and McGrew, A. (2000), “The Great Globalization Debate: An Introduction,” in Held, D., and McGrew, A., eds., The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate, Cambridge: Polity
    Held, D., and McGrew, A. (2007), Globalization/Anti-Globalization: Beyond the Great Divide, Cambridge [England]; Malden, Mass.: Polity
    Heraclides, A. (1991), The Self-Determination of Minorities in International Politics, Abingdon: Psychology Press
    Hirshleifer, J. (2001), The Dark Side of the Force, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    Hirst, P., and Thompson, G. (1996), Globalization in Question, The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press
    Hirst, P., and Thompson, G. (1999), Globalization in Question, Cambridge: Polity
    Horowitz, D. L. (1985), Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Berkeley: University of California Press
    Hroch, M. (1985), Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    Jackson-Preece, J. (2010), ‘Origins of nations: Contested beginnings, contested futures,’ in K. Cordell and S. Wolff (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict, Abingdon: Routledge
    James, H. (2001), The End of Globalization: Lessons from the Great Depression, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
    Johnson, R., et al. (1996), The Challenge of Direct Democracy: The 1992 Canadian Referendum, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press
    Khan, S. (2013), Electrical Energy Systems, Bangladesh: Dhaka
    Keegan, W. (1983), Britain Without Oil, London: Penguin
    Kemp, A. (2011), ‘The Great North Sea Oil Saga: All Done or Still Unfinished?” in D, Mackey (ed.), Scotland’s Economic Future, Edinburgh: Reform Scotland
    Kidd, C. (2003), Subverting Scotland’s Past: Scottish Whig Historians and the Creation of an Anglo-British Identity 1689-1830, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    Lapidoth, R. (1996), Autonomy, Flexible Solutions to Ethnic Conflicts, Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press
    Levinger, M. (2000), Enlightened Nationalism: The Transformation of Prussian Political Culture, 1806-1848, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press
    Lijphart, A. (1984), Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty-One Countries, New Haven: Yale University Press
    Lohr, I., and Wenzlhuemer, R. (2013), The Nation State and Beyond: Governing Globalization Processes in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries, Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg
    Lucas, R. E. B. (2014), International Handbook on Migration and Economic Development, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd
    MacKenzie, J. M., and Devine, T. M. (2011), Scotland and the British Empire, Oxford: Oxford University Press
    Matusitz, J. (2015), Symbolism in Terrorism: Motivation, Communication, and Behaviour, New York: Rowman & Littlefield
    Maxwell, S. (2007), ‘A Poor Response’ in R. Brown (ed.), Nation In a State, Dunfermline: Dunfermline Press
    Maxwell, S. (2012), Evidence, Risk and the Wicked Issues: Arguing for Independence, Edinburgh: Luath Press (Viewpoint)
    McCracken-Flesher, C. (2007), Culture, Nation, and the New Scottish Parliament, Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press
    McCracken-Flesher, C. (2007), Culture, Nation, and the New Scottish Parliament, Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press
    McCrone, G. (2013), Scottish Independence: Weighing Up the Economics, Birlinn Ltd: Birlinn Publishers
    McKendrick, J., et al. (2011), “Is Poverty Falling?” in McKendrick, J., et al. (eds), Poverty in Scotland 2011, London: CPAG
    Mead, G. H. (1934), Mind, Self, and Society, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
    Mearsheimer, J. (2003), The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, New York: Norton
    Mendelsohn, M. and Parkin, A. (2001), Referendum Democracy: Citizens, Elites and Deliberation in Referendum Campaigns, Basingstoke, Hampshire [England]; New York: Palgrave
    Mill, J. S. (1991), Considerations on Representative Government, New York: Prometheus Books
    Modelski, G., Devezas, T., and Thompson, W. R. (2008), Globalization as Evolutionary Process: Modeling Global Change, London: Routledge
    Munck, R. (2007), Globalization and Contestation, The New Great Counter-Movement (Rethinking Globalizations), London: Routledge
    Nye, J. S., and Welch, D. A. (2012), Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation, 9th Edition, London: Pearson
    Ougaard, M. (2004), Political Globalization, State, Power and Social Forces, Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
    Pauly, L. (2008), “Globalization, Autonomy and Institutional Change,” in Pauly, L., and Coleman, W., eds., Global Ordering, Institutions and Autonomy in a Changing World, Vancouver: UBC Press
    Pavkovic, A., and Cabestan, J. (2012), “Secession and Separatism from a Comparative Perspective: An Introduction,” in Cabestan, J., Pavkovic, A. (eds.), Secessionism and Separatism in Europe and Asia: To Have a State of One’s Own, Abingdon: Routledge
    Pettit, P. (1997), Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government, Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press
    Premdas, R. R. (1990), “Secessionist Movements in Comparative Perspective,” in Premdas, R. R., Samarasinghe, A., and Anderson, A. B., Secessionist Movements in Comparative Perspective, New York: St. Martin’s Press
    Qvortrup, M. (2002), A Comparative Study of Referendums: Government by the People, Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press
    Rawls, J. (2005), Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press
    Ritzer, G. (2010), Globalization: A Basic Text, Malden, Mass: Wiley-Blackwell
    Ritzer, G. (2011), Globalization: The Essentials, Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.; Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell
    Roehner, B. M. (2002), Separatism and Integration, A Study in Analytical History, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield
    Rosecrance, R. N., and Stein, A. A. (2006), No More States? Globalization, National Self-Determination, and Terrorism, Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield
    Sambanis, N. (2006), “Globalization, Decentralization and Secession, A Review of the Literature and Some Conjectures,” in Cameron, D., Ranis, G., and Zinn, A., eds., Globalization and Self-Determination, Is the Nation-State under Siege? London: Routledge
    Sambanis, N., and Zinn, A. (2006), “From Protest to Violence: An Analysis of Conflict Escalation with an Application to Self-Determination Movements,” Manuscript, New Haven: Yale University Press
    Saul, J. R. (2005), The Collapse of Globalism, London: Atlantic Books
    Scholte, J. A. (2005), Globalization: A Critical Introduction, Second Edition, New York: Palgrave
    Shrestha, N., and Conway, D. (2006), “Globalization’s Cultural Challenges, Homogenization, Hybridization and Heightened Identity,” in Conway, D., and Heynen, N., eds., Globalization’s Contradictions, Geographies of Discipline, Destruction and Transformation, London: Routledge
    Schutt, R. K. (2011), ‘Qualitative Data Analysis,’ in Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research, 7th Edition, Thousand Oaks, Calif.; London: SAGE Publications
    Scrase, T. (1995), “Globalization, India, and the Struggle for Justice,” in Smith, D., and Borocz, J., eds., A New World Order? Global Transformations in the Late Twentieth Century, Westport, CN: Greenwood Press
    Smith, A. (1991), National Identity, Harmondsworth: Penguin
    Smith, A. D. (2004), ‘Dating the Nation,’ in Conversi, D. (ed.), Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World, London/New York: Routledge
    Spencer, M., ed. (1998), Separatism, Democracy and Disintegration, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
    Stiglitz, J. E. (2006), Making Globalization Work, WW Norton: New York
    Stone, K. V. W. (2008), “Flexibilization, Globalization and Privatization: Three Challenges to Labour (sic) Rights in Out Times,” in Bercusson, B., and Estlund, E. (eds.), Regulating Labor in the Wake of Globalization, Portland: Hart Publication
    Suter, K. (2002), Global Order and Global Disorder: Globalization and the Nation-State, Praeger, Westport: CONN
    Suter, K. (2006), Teach Yourself Globalization, Blacklick, Ohio: McGraw Hill
    Tierney, S. (2012), Constitutional Referendums: A theory and practice of republic deliberation, Oxford: Oxford University Press
    Todd, A. M. (2009), The Globalization of Mobilization, Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller
    Toft, M. D. (2003), The Geography of Ethnic Violence: Identity, Interests, and the Indivisibility of Territory, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
    Weiss, M. (2006), “Globalization and Ethnonationalist Movements, Evidence from Spain and India,” in Cameron, D., Ranis, G., and Zinn, A., eds., Globalization and Self-Determination, Is the Nation-State under Siege? London: Routledge
    Wolf, M. (2005), Why Globalization Works, New Haven: Yale University Press
    Wong, K. Y., Westfahl, G., Chan, A. K. (2005), World Weavers: Globalization, Science Fiction, and the Cybernetic Revolution, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press
    Yergin, D., and Stainislaw, J. (1998), The Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy, New York: Touchstone
    Zinn, A. (2006), “Economic Integration and Political Separatism, Parallel Trends or Causally Linked Processes?” in Cameron, D., Ranis, G., and Zinn, A., eds., Globalization and Self-Determination, Is the Nation-State under Siege? London: Routledge
    Zolo, D. (2007), Globalization: an Overview, Colchester, UK: ECPR Press

    Articles and Reports

    1993 Copenhagen criteria
    Article 2 of the Treaty of the Union
    BIS (Bank for International Settlements) (2003) BIS Quarterly Review (Basel) (Dec.)
    Brown-John, C. L. (September, 1997), “Self-Determination and Separation,” Options Politiques/Policy Options, 40-43
    Chandra, K. (Winter, 2001), “Introduction: Constructivist Findings and Their Non-Incorporation,” APSA-CP, 12 (1): 7-11
    Citibank (2011), An Independent Scotland? Stranded Asset Risk for Utility and Renewable Investors, London, reported for the Labour Party by Tom Greatrex MP
    Commission on Scottish Devolution (2009), Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, HMG
    Connor, W. (2004), ‘The timelessness of nations,’ in Nations and Nationalism, 10, 1-2: 35-47
    Connor, W. (1978), ‘A Nation is a Nation, is a State, is an Ethnic Group is a …’ Ethnic and Racial Studies, 1 (4): 377-397
    Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union, 2010 O.J. C83/01
    Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union, Articles 48, 2010 O.J. C83/01
    Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union, Articles 49, 2010 O.J. C83/01
    Economic and Fiscal Outlook (March, 2011), Office of Budget Responsibility, HM Treasury
    Ferguson, N. (2005), “Sinking Globalization,” Foreign Affairs, 84 (2): 64-77
    Government Expenditure and Revenue in Scotland (2004-09), Scottish Government, Edinburgh
    Habyarimana, J., et al. (July/August, 2008), “Is Ethnic Conflict Inevitable? Parting Ways Over Nationalism and Separatism,” Foreign Affairs, 138-141
    Horowitz, D. L. (April, 1981), “Patterns of Ethnic Separatism,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 23 (2): 165-195
    Independent Budget Report (2010), Scottish Government, Edinburgh
    Independent Budget Report (2011), Scottish Government, Edinburgh
    Mair, C., et al. (2011), Making Better Places: Making Places Better, Scottish Government Improvement Service Edinburgh
    McCrone, G. (1975), The Economics of Nationalism Re-Examined, Scottish Economic Planning Department, Scottish Office
    Perrino, S. (2013), “Veneto Out of Italy? Dialect, Migration, and Transnational Identity,” Applied Linguistics, 34/5: 574-591, Oxford University Press
    Qvortrup, M. (2000), “Are Referendums Controlled and Pro-hegemonic?” Political Studies, 48 (4): 821-826
    Rosenberg, J. (2005), “Globalization Theory: A Post-Mortem,” International Politics 42 (2): 2-74
    Santos, B. (2006), “Globalizations,” Theory Culture and Society, 2-3: 23
    Saward, M. (2003), “Enacting Democracy,” Political Studies, 51 (1): 161-179
    Scottish Energy 2020 (2011), Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London
    Scottish Government (2010), Towards A Low Carbon Economy in Scotland, Edinburgh
    Scottish Government (2011), The Commission on the Future Delivery of Public Services, Edinburgh
    Scottish Independence Executive Summary
    Scottish Parliament Economy (2009), Tourism and Culture Committee
    Shils, E. (June, 1957), “Primordial, Personal, Sacred, and Civil Ties,” British Journal of Sociology, 8: 130-45
    Tabb, W. K. (1999), “Progressive Globalism: Challenging the Audacity of Capital,” Monthly Review, 50 (9): 1
    Therborn, G. (2000), “Globalizations: Dimensions, Historical Waves, Regional Effects, Normative Governance,” International Sociology, 15: 151-79
    The Scottish Office (Various Years), Scottish Economic Bulletin
    UNCTAD (2003), World Investment Report 2003, Geneva: UN Conference on Trade and Development
    Van Evera, S. (Winter, 2001), “Primordialism Lives!” APSA-CP, 12 (1): 20-22
    White Paper, Scotland’s Future: Your Guide to an Independent Scotland
    Wolf, M. (2006), “Will Globalization Survive?” World Economics, 6(4): 1-10
    WTO (2001), World Trade Report 2002, Geneva: World Trade Organization

    Internet Resources

    “About Us,” Adam Smith Institute, http://www.adamsmith.org/about-us/ [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Adelmann, B., “Fallout From Scottish Vote: European Separatist Movements Surge,” The New American, September 22nd 2014, http://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/19160-fallout-from-scottish-vote-european-separatist-movements-surge [Last Accessed: November 20th 2015]
    Albanese, C., and Letzing, J., “In Sardinia, Secessionists Want to Leave Italy and Join…Switzerland?” The Wall Street Journal, June 2nd 2015, http://www.wsj.com/articles/in-sardinia-secessionists-want-to-leave-italy-and-join-switzerland-1433205687 [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    “Azevedo Says Globalization Is Not Reversible,” Bloomberg, March 14th 2015, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/videos/b/9a3ba52b-e69f-4a1f-bd9d-19d6c39f4851 [Last Accessed: December 12th 2015]
    Barber, T., “Scottish Separatism Fuels Movements in Spain and Italy,” Financial Times, September 14th 2014, http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/ed60a76e-38e6-11e4-a53b-00144feabdc0.html [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Barnes, R, “Basque and Catalan Nationalism: An Evolution,” Fair Observer, January 10th 2013, http://www.fairobserver.com/region/europe/basque-and-catalan-nationalism-evolution/ [Last Accessed: November 16th 2015]
    BBC News, “Catalonia’s Push For Independence from Spain,” November 3rd 2015, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-29478415 [Last Accessed: November 7th 2015]
    BBC News, “Eurozone Crisis Explained,” September 28th 2012, http://www.bbc.com/news/business-17549970 [Last Accessed: November 7th 2015]
    BBC News, “Scotland Votes No,” http://www.bbc.com/news/events/scotland-decides/results [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    BBC News, “Scottish Economic Expansion ‘set to continue in 2015,’” http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-business-30767186 [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Bershidsky, L., “Want to Secede? Follow the Flemish,” Bloomberg View, October 9th 2014, http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2014-10-09/want-to-secede-follow-the-flemish [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Better Together, http://bettertogether.net/the-facts, [Last Accessed: December 20th 2015]
    Bianchi, L., “Venetian Separatists Want to Secede from Italy,” Vice News, March 20th 2014, https://news.vice.com/article/venetian-separatists-want-to-secede-from-italy [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Bouvet, F., “Dynamics of Regional Income Inequality in Europe and Impact of EU Regional Policy and EMU,” European Commission, February 2010, http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/events/2007/researchconf1110/bouvet_en.pdf.pdf [ Last Accessed: November 4th 2015]
    Burgen, S., “Catalan Independence Rally Brings Barcelona to a Standstill,” The Guardian, September 11th 2012, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/sep/11/catalan-independence-rally-barcelona [Last Accessed: November 18th 2015]
    Byrant, N., “Neverendum Referendum: Voting on Independence, Quebec-Style,” BBC News, September 8th 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29077213 [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    Carrell, S., “What is the West Lothian Question and Why does it Matter?” The Guardian, September 19th 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2012/jan/17/what-is-west-lothian-question [Last Accessed: November 28th 2015]
    Davies, L., “Italy’s Separatist Spirit Takes New Shape as Sardinians Push to Become Swiss,” The Guardian, March 3rd 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/23/italy-separatist-sardinian-swiss-canton-marittimo [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Devlin, K., “Senior Tories Back US Plan for Trident if Scots Vote Yes,” Herald Scotland, April 19th 2014, http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/13156327.Senior_Tories_back_US_plan_for_Trident_if_Scots_vote_Yes/ [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Edie Newsroom, “Low-Carbon Energy is ‘Most Cost-Effective’ Way to Meet UK Demand in 2020s,” Edie.Net, October 22nd 2015, http://www.edie.net/news/6/CCC-Low-carbon-energy-is-most-cost-effective-way-to-meet-UK-demand-in-2020s/ [Last Accessed: December 11th 2015]
    Efron, L., “Six Reasons to Think Globally Rather Than Internationally,” Forbes, May 30th 2013, http://www.forbes.com/sites/louisefron/2013/05/30/six-reasons-to-think-globally-rather-than-internationally/ [Last Accessed: December 12th 2015]
    Electoral Reform Society, “First Past the Post,” http://www.electoral-reform.org.uk/first-past-the-post [Last Accessed: November 28th 2015]
    Electoral Reform Society, “Single transferable Vote,” http://www.electoral-reform.org.uk/single-transferable-vote [Last Accessed: November 28th 2015]
    Eriksen, T. H., “Globalization and the Politics of Identity,” UN Chronicle, Autumn 1999, http://folk.uio.no/geirthe/UNChron.html [Last Accessed: December 21st 2015]
    “European Commission President ‘not referring to Scotland’ Membership,” STV, 16th July 2014, http://news.stv.tv/scotland/282832-european-president-jean-claude-juncker-not-referring-to-scotland/, [Last Accessed: January 15th 2015]
    FAQs – The Scottish Government, http://www.scotland.gov.uk/About/Information/FAQs [Last Accessed: May 31st 2015]
    “Flemish Independence: Better to Become Good Friends than Stay Together in a Bad Marriage,” RT, September 18th 2014, https://www.rt.com/op-edge/188684-flanders-independence-referendum-belgium/ [Last Accessed: November 7th 2015]
    Ford, M., “Europe’s Latest Secession Movement: Venice?” The Atlantic, March 24th 2014, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/03/europes-latest-secession-movement-venice/284562/ [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Gallagher, C., and Albertazzi, M., “Italy’s Not-So-Happy Birthday,” Foreign Policy Magazine, March 18th 2011, https://www.globalpolicy.org/nations-a-states/political-integration-and-national-sovereignty-3-22/49977-italys-not-so-happy-birthday.html [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Giovannini, A., “Arrivederci, Veneto?” Open Democracy, April 7th 2014, https://www.opendemocracy.net/can-europe-make-it/arianna-giovannini/arrivederci-veneto [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    Glover, J., “Spain: Why Prosperous Catalans May Beat Rebellious Basques to the Exit,” The Guardian, April 1st 2011, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/01/spain-catalonia-independence [Last Accessed: November 7th 2015]
    Godfrey, C., “The Struggle Between Nationalism and Globalization (Part 1),” New Right Australia/New Zealand, August 27th 2008, http://www.newrightausnz.com/2008/08/27/the-struggle-between-nationalism-globalization-part-1-by-colin-godfrey/ [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Government Economic Strategy, http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2007/11/13122603 [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Habyarimana, J., Humphreys, M., and Posner, D., “Is Ethnic Conflict Inevitable?” Foreign Affairs, July/August 2008 Issue, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/europe/2008-06-01/ethnic-conflict-inevitable [Last Accessed: November 12th 2015]
    Hallinan, C., and Foreign Policy in Focus, “How Ethnic Tensions and Economic Crisis Have Strengthened Europe’s Secession Movements,” The Nation, April 9th 2014, http://www.thenation.com/article/how-ethnic-tensions-and-economic-crisis-have-strengthened-europes-secession-movements/ [Last Accessed: November 18th 2015]
    Harress, C., “Scottish Independence Vote Reignites Separatists Across Europe,” International Business Times, September 16th 2014, http://www.ibtimes.com/scottish-independence-vote-reignites-separatists-across-europe-1689523 [Last Accessed: November 20th 2015]
    Heath, A., “Royal Mail’s Privatization Will Help to Make the UK Economy More Efficient,” December 18th 2014, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/11302648/Royal-Mails-privatisation-will-help-to-make-the-UK-economy-more-efficient.html [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Hepburn, E., “The ‘Domino Effect’ from Scotland’s Referendum is Increasing Demands for Independence in Italian Regions,” LSE European Politics and Policy, September 10th 2014, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2014/09/09/the-domino-effect-from-scotlands-referendum-is-increasing-demands-for-independence-in-italian-regions/ [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Hooton, C., “Question Time’s ‘Passionate Highlander’ is the William Wallace of the Better Together Campaign,” The Independent, July 11th 2014, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/question-times-passionate-highlander-is-the-william-wallace-of-the-better-together-campaign-9599554.html [Last Accessed: December 22nd 2015]
    House of Commons Library, “Devolution of Financial Powers to the Scottish Parliament: Recent Developments,” UK Parliament, November 13th 2015, http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/SN07077 [Last Accessed: November 28th 2015]
    House of Lords, ‘Chapter 3: Constitutional Implications for the UK State,’ http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldselect/ldconst/188/18806.htm [Last Accessed: December 22nd 2015]
    “If Scotland Goes,” Financial Times, February 3rd 2014, http://www.ft.com/indepth/if-scotland-goes, [Last Accessed: December 20th 2015]
    “Immigration in Scotland: Wish You Were Here,” The Economist, February 15th 2014, http://www.economist.com/news/britain/21596541-immigration-worries-scots-less-other-britons-could-change-wish-you-were-here [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI), “The Rise of Separatist Agitation in Europe,” World Socialist Web Site, October 30th 2012, https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2012/10/pers-o30.html [Last Accessed: November 7th 2015]
    Irwin, D. A., The Concise Encyclopaedia of Economics – International Trade Agreements, http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/InternationalTradeAgreements.html, [Last Accessed: October 19th 2015]
    Is Independence about Democracy? – The Scottish Government, https://www.scotreferendum.com/questions/is-independence-about-democracy/ [Last Accessed: May 31st 2015]
    Jacobs, F., “Is at First You Don’t Secede…Will this be the Summer of Separatism for Europe?” Foreign Policy, April 28th 2014, http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/04/28/if-at-first-you-dont-secede/ [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    Johnson, S., and Waterfield, B., “Spanish Prime Minister Gives EU Warning to Scots,” The Telegraph, September 17th 2014, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/scottish-independence/11101758/Spanish-Prime-Minister-gives-EU-warning-to-Scots.html [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    Leef, G., “’Trickle-Down Economics’ – The Most Destructive Phrase of All Time?” Forbes, December 6th 2013, http://www.forbes.com/sites/georgeleef/2013/12/06/trickle-down-economics-the-most-destructive-phrase-of-all-time/ [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Lefevre, C., “Understanding Belgian Politics and its Growing Separatist Movement,” Global Public Policy Watch, February 9th 2014, http://globalpublicpolicywatch.org/2014/02/09/understanding-belgian-politics-and-its-growing-separatist-movement/ [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    Lewin, T., “Universities Rush to Set Up Outposts Abroad,” New York Times, February 10th 2008, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/10/education/10global.html?pagewanted=all [Last Accessed: December 14th 2015]
    Liptak, K., “Obama Weighs In on Scottish Independence Vote,” CNN News, September 18th 2014, http://edition.cnn.com/2014/09/16/politics/us-scotland-vote/ [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    “Looking For Something to Get Angry About,” The Economist, November 29th 2002, http://www.economist.com/node/1465421 [Last Accessed: December 12th 2015]
    Maddox, D., “Scottish Independence: Separate Scotland Must Apply to Join EU, Warns Brussels,” The Scotsman, December 6th 2012, http://www.scotsman.com/news/scottish-independence-separate-scotland-must-apply-to-join-eu-warns-brussels-1-2677200 [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Maindarkar, S., “7 Separatist Movements that Closely Watched the Scottish Referendum,” Dna Analysis, September 19th 2014, http://www.dnaindia.com/world/report-7-separatist-movements-that-closely-watched-the-scottish-referendum-2019372 [Last Accessed: November 20th 2015]
    Marchetti, S., “Italian? Nein. A Part of Italy Wants Out,” Newsweek, January 16th 2014, http://www.newsweek.com/2014/01/17/italiano-nein-part-italy-wants-out-245068.html [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    Marchetti, S., “The South Tyrol Identity Crisis: To Live in Italy, but Feel Austrian,” The Guardian, May 30th 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/may/30/south-tyrol-live-in-italy-feel-austrian [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    Milanovic, B., “Why Globalization is in Trouble,” YaleGlobal Online, 2006, http://yaleglobal.yale.edu [Last Accessed: December 17th 2015]
    Naimi, M., “Post-Terror Surprises,” Foreign Policy, September 2002, www.foreignpolicy.com/issue_september_2002/ml.html [Last Accessed: December 17th 2015]
    Nixon, S., “For Britain, EU Question Is Matter of Security, Not Just Economics,” Wall Street Journal, November 1st 2015, http://www.wsj.com/articles/for-britain-eu-question-is-matter-of-security-not-just-economics-1446415040 [Last Accessed: December 12th 2015]
    Noack, R., “These 8 Places in Europe could be the Next to Try for Independence,” The Washington Post, September 18th 2014, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2014/09/18/if-scotland-breaks-away-these-8-places-in-europe-could-be-next/ [Last Accessed: November 9th 2015]
    Nye, J., “Globalization is Not Americanization,” Taipei Times, October 22nd 2004, http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2004/10/22/2003207970 [Last Accessed: December 12th 2015]
    Pagnamenta, R., “Oil Price Collapse Costs 65,000 North Sea Jobs,” The Times, September 9th 2015, https://www.google.com.tw/search?q=North+Sea+oil+crisis&rlz=2C1SAVS_enUS0538US0538&oq=North+Sea+oil+crisis&aqs=chrome..69i57.4346j0j4&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=122&ie=UTF-8 [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Platform for Success, Scottish Government Commission on Scottish Broadcasting
    Public Attitudes to Broadcasting in Scotland, 2009, http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2010/01/21104900/0, [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    “Push in Sardinia for Online Vote on Independence from Italy,” RT, March 27th 2014, https://www.rt.com/news/sardinia-vote-independence-italy-417/ [Last Accessed: November 8th 2015]
    “Quebec Population Growths Slows Due to Fewer Immigrants,” CBC News, December 9th 2014, http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/quebec-population-growth-slows-due-to-fewer-immigrants-1.2865978 [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    Rosenberger, M. P., “Self Determination in South Tyrol – The Red Eagle Spreads its Wings,” Fair Observer, December 20th 2012, http://www.fairobserver.com/region/europe/self-determination-south-tyrol-red-eagle-spreads-its-wings/ [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    Roth, C., “Venice Votes on Independence from Italy This Week; Separatists Prepare Declaration, Transfer of Authority,” Spring Time of Nations, March 19th 2014, http://springtimeofnations.blogspot.tw/2014/03/venetians-voting-on-independence-from.html [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    Roubini, N., “Economic Insecurity and the Rise of Nationalism,” The Guardian, June 2nd 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/business/economics-blog/2014/jun/02/economic-insecurity-nationalism-on-the-rise-globalisation-nouriel-roubini [Last Accessed: December 20th 2015]
    “Row Grows Over Royal Mail Plans,” BBC News, February 24th 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/7907179.stm [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    “Running on Fumes,” The Economist, March 1st 2014, http://www.economist.com/news/britain/21597890-scottish-nationalists-are-right-charge-britain-has-mismanaged-north-sea-oil-unionists [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Scotland: The Official Gateway to Scotland, Business and Economy, http://www.scotland.org/about-scotland/business-and-economy/ [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Scotland’s Constitutional Future: Views, Opinions and Questions, The Law Society of Scotland’s Discussion Paper, August 2013, https://www.lawscot.org.uk/media/647741/scotlands%20constitutional%20future%202013_main.pdf, [Last Accessed: January 15th 2015]
    “Scottish Devolution: What Next for Scotland?” BBC News, May 27th 2015, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-32810553 [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    “Scottish Independence: Academic says EU entry ‘would be smooth,’” BBC News, July 7th 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-28197298, [Last Accessed: January 14th 2015]
    “Scottish Independence: Jean-Claude Juncker ‘not referring to Scotland,’” BBC News, July 15th 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-28311938, [Last Accessed: January 14th 2015]
    “Scottish Independence Referendum: The Global View,” The Guardian, September 17th 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/sep/17/scottish-independence-referendum-global-spain-china [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Senzee, T., “Is South Tyrol Freedom Emerging as Europe’s Next Winning Separatist Movement?” Occupy.com, September 25th 2013, http://www.occupy.com/article/south-tyrol-freedom-emerging-europes-next-winning-separatist-movement [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    “Separatism Revised, The Flemish Nationalists get a First Taste of Government, with Uncertain Results,” The Economist, October 11th 2014, http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21623750-flemish-nationalists-get-first-taste-government-uncertain-results-separatism [Last Accessed: November 19th 2015]
    SNP, http://www.snp.org/referendum/the-new-scotland, [Last Accessed: June 1st 2015]
    Stevens, J., “No Scottish Independence Referendum Before 2020, Cameron Tells Sturgeon as SNP Push for a Second Vote,” Daily Mail, July 28th 2015, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3176775/Cameron-puts-possible-collision-course-SNP-vows-block-unnecessary-plans-second-vote-independence.html [Last Accessed: January 10th 2016]
    Stratfor, “Europe Rediscovers Nationalism,” Financial Sense, January 15th 2015, http://www.financialsense.com/contributors/stratfor/europe-rediscovers-nationalism [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    The Availability of Communications Services in the UK, 2013, http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/markets-infrastructure/economic-geography.pdf [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    “The Experts: What Renewable Energy Source Has the Most Promise?” Wall Street Journal, April 17th 2013, http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324485004578424624254723536 [Last Accessed: December 11th 2015]
    “UK Party Leaders Issue Joint Pledge to Give Scottish Parliament New Powers,” The Guardian, September 16th 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/sep/16/cameron-miliband-clegg-pledge-daily-record [Last Accessed: December 22nd 2015]
    Wagner, D., and Giannoulis, A., “Income Inequality and the Rise of European Separatist Movements,” International Policy Digest, April 19th 2012, http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2012/04/19/income-inequality-and-the-rise-of-european-separatist-movements/ [Last Accessed: November 4th 2015]
    Wainwright, O., “Mackmania! Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s Genuis Shines in His First Architecture Retrospective,” The Guardian, February 11th 2015, http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/feb/11/charles-rennie-mackintoshs-genius-shines-in-his-first-ever-retrospective [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Walsh, J., “10 Things Scottish Voters are Feeling on the Referendum Anniversary,” The Guardian, September 18th 2015, http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/sep/18/10-things-scottish-voters-scottish-independence-referendum [Last Accessed: December 22nd 2015]
    “What a Disaster,” The Economist, October 16th 2013, http://www.economist.com/news/books-and-arts/21588345-lessons-collapse-what-disaster [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    “Why is the Royal Mail Being Privatised?” The Economist, October 10th 2013, http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/10/economist-explains-9 [Last Accessed: November 30th 2015]
    Yes Scotland, http://www.yesscotland.net/, [Last Accessed: December 20th 2015]
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    外交學系
    102253022
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1022530222
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[外交學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    022201.pdf2721KbAdobe PDF514View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback