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    Title: 以漢語趨向動詞「起來」、「下去」、「上來」為例的語法化研究
    On Mandarin Directional Verbs Qi-lai, Xia-Qu, and Shang-lai: A Reflection of Grammaticalization
    Authors: 李陳福
    Li, Chen-Fu Alfred
    Contributors: 張郇慧
    Chang, Hsun-Huei
    Li, Chen-Fu Alfred
    Keywords: 語法化
    directional verb
    clause-internal grammaticalization
    cross-clause grammaticalization
    metaphorical transfer
    Date: 1998
    Issue Date: 2016-04-27 11:13:48 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本篇論文引用Hopper在1993年所提出的五項原則,論證漢語中「起來」、「下去」、「上來」的多義現象是反映語法化的現象。在「起來」、「下去」、「上來」語法化的過程中,可以發現許多語意和語法的痕跡,例如語意選擇的限制、受詞位置的限制、受詞限定的要求、與完成貌時貌標記使用的限制。根據Lehmann 1991年的研究,這些痕跡說明「起來」、「下去」、「上來」在語法化的過程中是由「子句中」向「子句間」變動。這樣的語意變動主要來自於概念上由空間向時間的比喻轉換。除此之外,在「起來」、「下去」、「上來」的句子中,這樣的轉換還受到不同的語意角色要求所限制。
    This thesis applies Hopper*s Principles (1993) to assert that the semantic varieties of Mandarin directional verbs qi-lai, xia-qu, and shang-lai are reflections of grammaticalization. The grammaticalization of Mandarin qi-lai, xia-qu, and shang-lai has left traces on selectional restriction, syntactic constraints on object positions, object definiteness, and requirements of perfective aspect marker. Based on Lehmann (1991), these traces lead to the conclusion that Mandarin qi-lai, xia-qu, and shang-lai shift from clause-internal to cross-clause grammaticalization. The semantic shifts of Mandarin qi-lai, xia-qu, and shang-lai are considered to be motivated by SPACE-to-TIME metaphorical transfer. The transfer is also constrained by theta-role requirements.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#B2002001659
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[語言學研究所] 學位論文

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