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    Title: 適應性預期之財政政策-以能源稅為例
    Fiscal Policy with Adaptive Expectation-Taking Energy Tax as an Example
    Authors: 李佳頤
    Lee, Chia Yi
    Contributors: 毛維凌
    Mao,Wei Ling
    李佳頤
    Lee,Chia Yi
    Keywords: 適應性預期
    理性預期
    能源稅
    財政政策
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2016-05-06 16:54:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文乃探討,當預期政府的政策在未來有所改變時,民眾採適應性預期而非理性預期的學習下,經濟體系中的總體變數間究竟產生何種互動,尤其希望透過檢視利率的動態路徑來觀察期間之動態變化.
    在一稟賦模型及恆常所得的假設下,藉由政府調整能源稅率之議題,分別探討恆久性政策及暫時性政策下之利率路徑.透過模擬之結果得出,在適應性預期的學習下,利率波動的方向與理性預期成反向之波動變化;其次,模型也可得到,稅額改變的幅度越大,或對於能源消費所佔支出比例越高,經濟體系受到的波動幅度也越大之結果.
    納入生產部門並放寬稟賦條件後,若考量要素替代性對於家計單位所得報酬之影響,則兩部門的能源使用量關係方向未定,可能為正,亦可能為負.因此,政府提高能源稅,不一定能降低經濟體系能源的使用量.
    Reference: 1. Benhabib, J. and R. Farmer 〈1994〉 ``Indeterminacy and increasing returns,'' Journal of Economic Theory, 63, pp.19-41
    2. Brett, C. and M. Keen〈2000〉 ``Political uncertainty and the earmarking of environmental taxes,'' Journal of Regulatory Economics vol.8, pp.33-44
    3. Evans, G. W., S. Honkapohja, and K. Mitra〈2007〉 Anticipated fiscal policy and adaptive learning. Cambridge Working papers in Economics, 0705
    4. Hoel, M.〈1996〉 ``Should a carbon tax be different across sectors?'' Journal of Public Economics, vol.59, pp.17-32
    5. Marsiliani, L. and T. I. Renstrom 〈2000〉 ``Time inconsistency in environmental policy: Tax earmarking as a commitment solution,'' Economic Journal, vol.110, C123-C138.
    6. Miguel, C. d. and B. Manzano〈2001〉 Optimal oil taxation in a small open economy. Script
    7. Nahuis, R. and P. J. G. Tang〈2005〉 Environmental policy competition and differential tax treatment: A case for tighter coordination.CPB Discussion Paper, No.50
    8. Richer, W. F. and K. Schneider〈2003〉 ``Energy taxation: Reasons for discriminating in favor of the production sector,'' European Economic Review, vol.47, pp.462-476
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    94258003
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0094258003
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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