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    題名: 2000-2007美國布希政府對印尼外交政策:同盟的關係?
    The Bush Administration’s Foreign Policy toward Indonesia, 2000-2007: An Alliance Relationship?
    作者: 吳宗翰
    Wu, Tsung Han
    貢獻者: 黃奎博
    Huang, Kwei Bo
    吳宗翰
    Wu, Tsung Han
    關鍵詞: 同盟理論
    威脅平衡
    反恐
    人權
    軍事合作
    美國
    印尼
    the alliance theory
    balance of threat
    anti-terror
    human rights
    military cooperation
    the United States
    Indonesia
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2016-05-09 13:29:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 冷戰時期,蘇哈托所統治的印尼雖然標榜著不結盟運動,試圖在東西兩強的夾擊下另闢蹊徑。但是在同樣反對共產主義的主張下,印尼在這段時期,和美國建立起了相當友好的關係,包括軍事和經濟上的援助。在一個近年來已解密的文件中更顯示,福特總統以及季辛吉更曾經和蘇哈托有過正式及非正式的接觸,被認為是美國希望以對印尼軍政府的支持,換取其在反共同盟上的支持。
    九十年代之後,印尼政府在人權問題上的處理失當,多次導致美國政府的不滿,進而暫停或取消對印尼的援助。在此事件上,美國國會更採取強硬的立場,要求美國政府必須更仔細而審慎的評估,對印尼的人權表現,是否有明顯的改善。
    2001年的九一一事件,代表著美國政府外交政策的巨大改變,在對印尼的外交政策上也出現了明顯的變化。印尼為世界上最大的回教國家,其本身對美國較溫和的立場,使得美國政府在宣揚其反恐理念上,需要印尼的協助。而印尼本身與日俱增的戰略地位,如控制麻六甲海峽,龐大資源,以及在東南亞國協中的大國地位等,使美國政府不得不重新審視其對印尼的外交政策。
    本論文主要在探討布希政府在九一一事變後,對印尼外交政策的特點,以及是否和過去出現不同之處。論文組織分為三個主要部分,分別為反恐、人權以及軍事合作。在理論架構方面,本論文借助Steven M. Walt(沃爾特)的同盟理論,希望能釐清兩國在反恐合作方面,是否已具備了同盟的性質。而其他同盟理論的重要內涵,如威脅平衡、意識型態、援助、滲透等,皆會被用來加強本文的論述。
    研究發現,在沃爾特的同盟理論架構下,美國和印尼在反恐合作上,的確出現了有如同盟的密切關係。雖然彼此間不存在約束的同盟條約,然而,就同盟的實質而言,恢復的軍事關係和密切的反恐合作等,皆是同盟的重要指標。研究並發現,威脅平衡理論的確較合理的詮釋了美印兩國因反恐而強化的關係。而意識型態、援助和滲透等,對同盟的組成皆有一定程度的影響,但非強大的因素。
    During the Cold War, Indonesia was noted for its leadership in the Non-Alignment Movement, which distinguished itself from the two-polar world. However, the Suharto government had in fact built an amicable relationship with the U.S. under the flag of anti-communism.
    In the 1990s, due to the notorious human rights records, the U.S. had moved to cancel or suspend military and economic aid to Indonesia. The Congress and Senate of the U.S. took a hard-line stance in dealing with these problems.
    The 9/11 event marked a significant change in the U.S. foreign policy. As the biggest Muslim country in the world, Indonesia’s comparably moderate nature gains its importance for America in promoting anti-terror in Muslim world. Also, the growing strategic status, like the location in the Malacca Straits, vast resources and key status in ASEAN, necessitates the U.S. to reconsider its policy toward Indonesia.
    The thesis is primarily dedicated to analyze the Bush Administration’s foreign policy toward Indonesia after the 9/11 event. There are three main pillars in the thesis—anti-terror, human rights and military cooperation. Steven M. Walt’s famous Alliance Theory contributes the analytic framework to this thesis. Also, some other arguments of alliance theory like balance of threat, ideology, foreign aid and penetration will be utilized to deepen the analysis of this thesis.
    Under Walt’s alliance theory, in spite of the fact that there is no concrete alliance binding between these two countries, the resumed military relationship, and close anti-terror cooperation are all noted indicators that shows the U.S. and Indonesia act as alliance partners. This thesis also demonstrates that the balance of threat theory is a better analytic framework to explain the relationship between the U.S. and Indonesia. Ideology, foreign aid and penetration in this case surely affects the formation of alliance, however, they are not causes of it as Walt concludes.
    參考文獻: A. Chinese language literature

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    B. English language literature

    U.S. Official Releases

    Chanlett-Avery, Emma, Manyin, Mark, Cronin, Richard Niksch, Larry and Vaughn, Bruce. “Terrorism in Southeast Asia,” CRS Report for Congress, August 13, 2004.
    Cole, Adam R. “CTF 76 completes Cobra Gold 06,” News Article Archive, U.S. Navy, Commander, Seven Fleet, May 30, 2006.
    Larson, Melinda. “U.S., Indonesian Navies Share Maritime Security Skills,” U.S. Navy, July 29, 2005.
    Masters, Edward. “Report of the National Commission on U.S.-Indonesian Relations, “the National Bureau of Asian Research, 2003.
    Statement of Admiral Dennis C. Blair, U.S. Navy, Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific
    Vaughn, Bruce. “Indonesia: Domestic Politics, Strategic Dynamics, and American interests,” CRS Report for Congress, May 20, 2005.

    “2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices,” Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, the U.S Department of State, March 6, 2007.
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    Books and Reviews

    Alexander, DeConde, Richard Dean Burns and Fredrik Logevall, eds., Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy. New York : Scribner, 2002.
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    2005.



    Websites

    美國白宮 http://www.whitehouse.gov/
    美國國防部http://www.dtic.mil/
    美國國務院 http://www.state.gov/
    美國國會圖書館 http://www.loc.gov/
    聯合知識庫http://www.udndata,com
    蘭德公司http://www.rand.org/publications/electronic/index.html
    布魯金斯研究所 http://www.brookings.edu/default.htm
    Congressional Research Service Reports http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    外交學系
    95253019
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095253019
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[外交學系] 學位論文

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