English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 92604/122928 (75%)
Visitors : 26877000      Online Users : 609
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/94998


    Title: 路徑相依或制度選擇?論民主轉型與憲法變遷的模式
    Other Titles: Path Dependence or Collective Institutional Choice? Modeling Constitutional Changes in the Context of Democratic Transitions
    Authors: 葉俊榮;張文貞
    Yeh, Jiunn-Rong;Chang, Wen-Chen
    Keywords: 民主轉型;憲法變遷;民主化;制憲;修憲
    constitutional change;democratic transitions;constitution making;constitutional revision;democratization
    Date: 2006-12
    Issue Date: 2016-05-09 14:04:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1980 年代中期以來,包括台灣在內的部分亞洲、中東歐、中南美等國家\r 紛紛進行民主轉型,並帶動新一波的憲法變遷。不過,在民主轉型的脈絡 中,憲法究竟扮演何種角色,則一直未受到充分學術探討。本文旨在深究民\r 主轉型與憲法變遷間的互動關係。\r 在研究方法上,本文歸納分析民主轉型國家的憲法變遷,提出四種主要\r 的模式:轉型初期一次制憲、轉型初期一次大幅修憲、階段式制憲、多次漸\r 進修憲。其次則從主權因素、政權更迭、憲政傳統以及國際干預的四個面 向,探討民主轉型國家的憲法變遷模式是否與特定因素相關。本文發現,民\r 主轉型國家的憲法變遷模式,並無法從單一面向來作合理的解釋;此外,這\r 一波民主轉型國家的憲法變遷,明顯表現出相對化的特質—制憲與修憲的相\r 對化、一次與漸進的相對化,而與傳統憲法變遷的理論預設並不相同。\r 基於前述研究發現,本文認為,民主轉型的憲法變遷模式,並不必然與\r 民主轉型的模式路徑相依,而可以是一個集體的制度選擇。對台灣而言,雖\r 然過去七次的漸進修憲,在一定程度內與民主轉型的路徑及模式有關,但這\r 並非表示台灣就不可能進一步透過集體的制度選擇,採行較大幅度的憲改。\r 相反地,台灣經由漸進修憲所結織出之憲政秩序,一方面觸動下一波的憲 改,另方面也某程度與憲法在民主轉型脈絡中的結織功能相互呼應。
    Many countries in East and Central Europe, Central and South America, and Asia, including Taiwan, undertook democratic transitions amidst the 1980s, which triggered a new wave of constitutional change. The role of constitutional change in the context of democratic transitions, however, has not been explored and discussed fully by scholars in the field. This article aims at addressing this issue and focuses on the interactions between democratic transitions and constitutional change. In order to analyze constitutional change in the context of democratic transitions, this article offers four models for empirical observation, which includes 1)initial constitution making, 2)initial major constitutional revision, 3 ) constitution making via stages, and 4 ) incremental constitutional reforms. Next, this article resorts to four dimensions of factors including sovereignty, regime change, constitutional tradition and international intervention to explain why any particular model is adopted in a Many countries in East and Central Europe, Central and South America, and Asia, including Taiwan, undertook democratic transitions amidst the 1980s, which triggered a new wave of constitutional change. The role of constitutional change in the context of democratic transitions, however, has not been explored and discussed fully by scholars in the field. This article aims at addressing this issue and focuses on the interactions between democratic transitions and constitutional change. In order to analyze constitutional change in the context of democratic transitions, this article offers four models for empirical observation, which includes 1)initial constitution making, 2)initial major constitutional revision, 3 ) constitution making via stages, and 4 ) incremental constitutional reforms. Next, this article resorts to four dimensions of factors including sovereignty, regime change, constitutional tradition and international intervention to explain why any particular model is adopted in a transitional context. This article finds that contrarily to conventional assumption, the adoption of a particular constitutional change model does not depend on a single factor. Rather, the reality is more complex and shows a relative nature: the relativity between constitution making and constitution amending and the relativity between one-time change and incrementalism. Based on this finding, this article further contends that the choice of constitutional change may be collectively made, and constitutional change has played a rather constructive function during democratic transitions. Although Taiwan’s past constitutional change was rather incremental, this would not prevent any future adoption of other large-scale change models.
    Relation: 問題與研究, 45(6), 1-31
    Issues & studies
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[問題與研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    45-6-001-31.pdf1306KbAdobe PDF195View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback