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    Title: 中共公安警察業務及勤務制度變革(1979~2008)之研究
    The reforms of the PRC’s police assignments and administrative duties systems: (1979-2008)
    Authors: 楊天啟
    Yang, Tien Chi
    Contributors: 王孟平
    Wang, Meng Ping
    楊天啟
    Yang, Tien Chi
    Keywords: 社區警政
    警察功能
    改革
    巡邏警察
    犯罪偵查
    community policing
    police functions
    reform
    patrol police
    crime investigation
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2016-05-09 16:57:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Since the open door policy, the PRC’s social structure has been deteriorating and its social stratums have been broadening along with the economic development. Comparing to the long-standing social stability before the open door policy, the central CPC has worried about the deteriorating development of social order and crime problems triggered by the redistribution of wealth. The central CPC thought that the Ministry of Public Security could not handle the social order and crime problems with its old system and functions. The problems would have great negative impact on the CPC’s ability of internal control, if the police systems and functions had not been reformed or improved.
    This study has found that on the basis of the highest guideline of “one center and two basic points,” the progressive reform steps taken by the Ministry of Public Security were as follows. First, it aimed at the reform of police organs and administrative systems. Second, it focused on the reform of police assignments system. Third, it stressed on the reform of grass-roots police and stations. Lastly, it emphasized on the reform of the concept of law enforcement and the quality of the police. To sum up, there were four development shifts on police. The first one was the reform of police organs and administrative duties from 1979 to 1996. The second one was the reform of police assignments system form 1997 to 2002. The third one was the combination of crime control, prevention and crackdown by police stations and community policing from 2003 to 2005. The fourth one was the three-base project from 2006 to 2008. The new Minister, Meng Jen-tzu, took office at the end of 2008 and he addressed “the three-construction” project as the further and sequent fulfillment of the three-base project. The related developments of the three-construction project are still going on. How they shape the functions and roles of the Ministry of Public Security requires sequent observation.
    Reference: A. the Reference Materials in China
    Books
    1. The Ministry of Public Security, 2002
    “The Work of Chinese Public Security Police,” The Ministry of Public Security, Beijing.
    公安部(2002),《中國公安工作》,北京:公安部。
    2. The Law Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 1985
    “The Brief Discussion on the System of Chinese Public Security Police,” The Chin-Zi Press, Beijing.
    中國社會科學院法學研究所主編(1985),《中國警察制度簡論》,北京:群資出版社。
    3. Wang, Hong-jin, 1999
    “The Encyclopedia of Practical Knowledge of the People’s Police,” The Public Security University Press, Beijing.
    王宏君主編(1999),《人民警察實用知識全書》,北京:公安大學出版社。
    4. Lee, Gen-ho, 1995
    “The Encyclopedia of Practical Knowledge of the People’s Police,” The Public Security University Press, Beijing.
    李健和主編(1995),《警察實用知識全書》,北京:公安大學出版社。
    5. Lee, Fon-wu, 1996
    “The Theory of Contradiction of Socialism,” The People’s Press, Shangdong.
    李鳳梧(1996),《社會主義矛盾論》,山東:山東人民出版社。
    6. Du, Hai-ping, & Jia, Yu, 1994
    “The Book of Legal Terminology of Police,” The Public Security University Press, Beijing.
    杜海平、賈宇合編(1994),《警用法學辭書》,北京:公安大學出版社。
    7. Song, Zen-chun, 1992
    “The Encyclopedia of Chinese Public Security Police,” The People’s Press, Jiling.
    宋占春主編(1992),《中國公安百科全書》,吉林:人民出版社。
    8. Yu, Ming-shin, 1997
    “The Historical Progress of Chinese legalization,” The People’s Press, Anhui.
    俞敏生(1997),《中國法制化的歷史進程》,安徽:人民出版社。
    9. Yu, Lei, 1992
    “The Contemporary Work of Chinese Public Security Police,” The People’s Press, Anhui.
    俞雷主編(1992),《當代中國的公安工作》,北京:當代中國出版社。
    10. Yu, Ding-hai, Cheng, Xiao, & Su, Tong-Xin, 1997
    “The Encyclopedia of the Business of Sheriff of Police Station,” Red Flag Press, Beijing.
    俞定海、鄭曉、蘇同興合編(1997),《派出所所長業務全書》,北京:紅旗出版社。
    11. Shi, Fa-ke, 1997
    “On Chinese Police Law,” The People’s Press, Hunan.
    徐發科(1997),《中國警察法論》,湖南:人民出版社。
    12. Shi, Wei-hua, 1996
    “The Primary Research into the Work of The social order comprehensive management,” The People’s Court Press, Beijing.
    徐偉華(1996),《社會治安綜合治理工作初探》,北京:人民法院出版社.。
    13. The Press Office of State Council, 2000
    “Chinese Narcotics Control White Paper,” The State Council, Beijing.
    國務院新聞辦公室(2000),《中國的禁毒白皮書》,北京:國務院。
    14. Kang, Da-ming, 1996
    “The Study on the Public Security Police with Chinese Features,” The Masses Press, Beijing.
    康大民主編(1996),《中國特色公安之研究》,北京:群眾出版社。
    15. Kang, Da-ming, 1996
    “On the Public Security Police with Chinese Features,” The Masses Press, Beijing.
    康大民主編(1998),《論中國特色的公安》,北京:群眾出版社。
    16. Tzao Feng, 1997
    “The Fifth Crime Peak,” Present Chinese Press, Beijing.
    曹風(1997),《第五次高峰》,北京:今日中國出版社。
    17. Quo, Hua-loon, 1982
    ‘Regarding to the Methods of Study on the PRC,’ “The Collection of Dissertations on the PRC,” Institute of International Relations of National Chengchi University, Taipei.
    郭華倫(1982),「關於研究中國大陸之方法」,《中共問題論文集(增訂本)》,台北:政治大學國關中心。
    18. Yet Feng (1997), “The Encyclopedia of The social order comprehensive management,” The Public Security University Press, Beijing.
    葉峰等主編(1997),《社會治安綜合治理實務全書》,北京:公安大學出版社。
    19. Yang, Jee-shen, 1999
    “The Era of Deng Shiao-ping,” San-lien Bookstore, Hong Kong.
    楊繼繩(1999),《鄧小平時代》,香港:三聯書店出版。
    20. Jian, Shan-gin, & Luo-feng, 1996
    “The Practical Encyclopedia of Police Administrative Duties,” The Masses Press, Beijing.
    蔣先進、羅鋒主編(1996),《警察業務實用全書》,北京:群眾出版社。
    21. Cheng, Kon-shin, 1996
    “The Transforming Chinese society and the transformation of Chinese society,” Capital Normal University Press, Beijing.
    鄭抗生(1996),《轉型中的中國社會和中國社會的轉型》,北京:首都師範大學出版社。
    22. Cheng, Shou, & Ho, Shiou-Xin, 1998
    “The Vital Episodes of the 20-year Reform of Chinese Economic System,” Tzu-Su Press, Shanghai.
    鄭韶,何曉星(1998),《中國經濟體制改革20年大事紀》,上海:辭書出版社。
    23. Shaw, Jen-quo, 1999
    “The Study on the Progression of the Chinese Modernization,” The Fudan Press, Shanghai.
    蕭建國(1999),《中國現代化進程中的研究》,上海:復旦大學出版社。
    24. Shaw, Yang, 1996
    “The Problems of Chinese Penal Policies and Strategies,” Legal Press, Beijing.
    蕭揚(1996),《中國刑事政策和策略問題》,北京:法律出版社。
    25. Han, Ian-long, 1998
    “The General Legal History of the PRC,” (Book 1) & (Book 2), The Central Communist School Press, Beijing.
    韓延龍(1998),《中華人民共和國法制通史》(上)、(下),北京:中共中央黨校出版社。
    26. Tan, Shi-quei, 2000
    “The Study on Chinese Judicial Reform,” Legal Press, Beijing.
    譚世貴(2000),《中國司法改革研究》,北京:法律出版社。
    27. Yan, Li, 1994
    “The Encyclopedia of Administrative Duties of Public Security Police Stations,” The Public Security Press, Beijing.
    嚴勵主編(1994),《公安派出所業務全書》,北京:公安大學出版社。
    28. Ma, Yu-er, & Yan, Jing-xin, 1995
    “The Encyclopedia of Police Administrative Duties,” Scientific Literature Press, Beijing.
    嚴軍興、馬玉娥合編(1995),《警察業務全書》,北京:科學文獻出版社。
    The Reference Materials on Websites
    1. 2006/10/26, “Playing the Moving Symphony of Law Enforcement for the People,” The Peoples’ public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 1), 奏響執法為民的動人樂章,人民公安報電子版(第一版)http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2006-10/26/node_14.htm, 2009/12/18.
    2. 2006/10/30, “Holding the Working Conference on ‘the Three-base Project’ of the National Public Security Organs,” The Peoples’ public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 1), 全國公安機關「三基工程建設」工作會議召開,人民公安報電子版(第一版)http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2006-10/30/node_14.htm, 2009/12/20.
    3. 2007/09/27, “To Do a Good Job on Hardware, Enhancing the Software,” The Peoples’ Public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 1), 硬件做好、軟件做強,人民公安報電子版(第一版)http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2007-09/27/node_14.htm, 2009/12/18.
    4. 2008/01/09, “Delicate Management: to response to new expectation of the public with important choice,” The Peoples’ Public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 4), 精細化管理:回應群眾新期待的重要選擇,人民公安報電子版(第四版)
    http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2008-01/09/content_893683.htm, 200912/18.
    5. 2008/09/26, Symposium of National Chiefs of Public Security Bureaus, The Peoples’ Public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 1), 全國公安廳局長座談會,人民公安報電子版(第一版)http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2008-09/26/node_14.htm, 2009/12/18.
    6. 2008/12/26, “To Promote Harmony with ‘the Big Reception’,” The Peoples’ public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 1), 以「大走訪」促進大和諧,人民公安報電子版(第一版) http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2008-12/26/content_1070254.htm, 2009/12/12.
    7. 2008/12/26, “Strengthening the “Three-base Project,” The Peoples’ public Security Police Newspaper website version (page 4), 深化”三基”工程建設,人民公安報電子版(第四版)http://www.cpd.com.cn/gb/newspaper/2008-12/26/content_1070329.htm, 2009/12/12.
    B. the Reference Materials in Taiwan
    Books
    1. Wang, Meng-ping, 2000
    “The PRC’s Police: Operation and Transition, the Construction of Tri-layer Analysis,” Yang-Chih Book Co., Ltd., Taipei.
    王孟平(2000),《中共警察:運作與轉變-三層分析法的建構》,台北:揚智出版社。
    2. Wang Yuan-Wu, 1986
    “The Dictionary of Yuan-wu Social Sciences,” The Commercial Press Ltd., Taipei.
    王雲五(1986),《雲五社會科學大辭典》,台北:商務印書館。
    3. Lee, Ying-ming, 1996
    “Methodology of Communist China Studies,” Yang-Chih Book Co., Ltd., Taipei.
    李英明(1996),《中共研究方法論》,台北:揚智文化公司。
    4. Lee, Ying-ming, 1999
    “China: transition to the post-Deng era,” Sheng-Chih Book Co., Ltd., Taipei.
    李英明(1999),《中國:向鄧後時代轉折》,台北:生智文化公司。
    5. Lee Yu-yee, 1989
    “The Study on System of the PRC’s Public Security Police,” Taipei.
    李宇一(1989),《中共公安制度之研究》,台北:作者自行出版。
    6. Du, Ling, 1989
    “The Study on System of the PRC’s Public Security Police,” Central Police University, Tao-Yuan.
    杜陵(1987),《中共公安制度研究》,桃園:警察大學。
    7. Yi, Jin-buo, 1993
    “Methodology and Political Theories,” Sanmin Press, Taipei.
    易君博(1993),《政治理論與研究方法》,台北:三民書局。
    8. Cho, Hua-jin, 1993
    “Introduction to National Police Systems,” Central Police University, Tao-Yuan.
    邱華君(1993),《各國警察制度概論》,桃園:警察大學。
    9. Chung, Lun-nard, 1996
    “Applying Social Sciences Research Methods,” The Commercial Press Ltd., Taipei.
    鍾倫納(1996),《應用社會科學研究法》,台北:商務印書館。
    10. Chang, Chi-hou, 1998
    “The Survey and Research into the PRC’s Public Security System,” Bureau of Investigation, Shindian City.
    張起厚(1998),《中共公安系統調查研究》,台北:法務部調查局。
    Journals and Dissertations
    1. Wang, Meng-ping, & Yang, Shih-ming, 2002/06
    ‘The Analysis of the Present Community Policing Advocated by the Ministry of Public Security of the PRC,’ “Taiwan Police College Bulletin,” 3(2), Taiwan Police College, Taipei.
    王孟平、楊錫銘(2002/06),「中共公安部推動「社區警務」現況之研析」,《警專學報》第三卷第二期,台北:臺灣警察專科學校。
    2. Yang, Shih-ming, 2003/02
    ‘The Study on the Transition of the PRC’s Armed Police in 1995,’ “Taiwan Police College Bulletin,” 3(3), Taiwan Police College, Taipei.
    楊錫銘(2003/06),「中共九五期間武警部隊變遷之研究」,《警專學報》,
    第三卷第三期,台北:臺灣警察專科學校。
    3. Taiwan Police College, 2002
    “The Collection of Dissertations of the 5th Academic and Practical Symposium of Administrative Police,” Taiwan Police College, Taipei.
    臺灣警察專科學校(2002),「第五屆行政警察學術與實務研討會論文集」,台北:臺灣警察專科學校。
    4. Huang, Soong-tzao, 1985
    “The Study on the Systems of Public Security Police of China,” The graduate dissertation of policing of Central Police University, Tao-yuan.
    黃順超(1985),「中共公安體制研究」,桃園:中央警察大學警政研究所碩士論文。
    5. Jen, Jing-shiang, 2000
    “The Study on the People’s Police Powers of the PRC: a case study on crime investigation,” The dissertation of Graduate Institute of China Studies of Tamkang University, Taipei.
    簡錦祥(2000),「中共人民警察職權之研究:以犯罪偵查權為例」,台北:淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士論文,未出版。
    C、the English Reference Materials
    1. Bin, Liang, 2005
    “Severe strike campaign in transitional China,” Journal of Criminal Justice, 33, pp. 387-399.
    2. Chu, Mike, 2001
    “Criminal procedure reform in the People’s Republic of China: the dilemma of crime control and regime legitimacy,” UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal, 18(2), pp. 157-208.
    3. Hualing, Fu, 2005
    “Zhou Yongkang and the Recent Police Reform in China,” The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 38(2), pp. 241-253.
    4. Isaak, Alan, 1975
    “Scope and Method of Political Science,” Cillionis: The Doreey Press.
    5. Ian, Dobinson, 2002
    “The Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China (1997): Real change or rhetoric?” Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, 11(1), pp. 1-125.
    6. Jianhong, Liu & Lening Zhang, & Steven F. Messner, 2001
    “Crime and Social Control in a Changing China,” Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut London.
    7. Kam, C. Wong, 2002
    “Policing in the People’s Republic of China: The road to reform in the 1990s,” The British Journal of Criminology, 42(2), pp. 281-316.
    8. Kam, C. Wong, 2004
    “Govern police by law (yifa zhizing) in China,” The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 42, pp. 281-316.
    9. Lena, & Yueying Zhong & Peter, Grabosky, 2009
    “The Pluralization of Private Policing in China,” ARC Center of Excellence in Policing and Security Working Paper, The Australian National University, pp. 1-29.
    10. Mengyan, Dai, 2008
    “Policing in the People’s Republic of China: A review of recent literature,” Crime, law and Social Change, 50(3), pp. 211-227.
    11. Michael, Dutton, 2000
    “The end of the (mass) line: Chinese policing in the era of the contract,” Social Justice, 27(2), pp. 61-105.
    12. Sarah, Biddulph, 1993
    “Review of police powers of administrative detention in the People’s Republic of China,” Crime and Delinquency, 39(3), pp. 337-354.
    13. Sarah, Biddulph, 2004
    “The Production of Legal Norms: A Case Study of Administrative Detention in China,” UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal, 20(2), pp. 217-277.
    14. Sarah, Biddulph, 2005
    “Mapping Legal Change in the Context of Reforms to Chinese Police Powers,” U of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper, 215, pp. 212-238.
    15. Sarah, Biddulph, 2007
    “Legal Reform and Administrative Detention Powers in China,” Cambridge University Press. 364, pp. 321-346.
    16. Xiaoming, Chen, 2002
    “Community and Policing Strategies: a Chinese approach to crime control,” Policing and Society, 12(1), Law School of Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, PRC, pp. 1-13.
    17. Yang, Anhe, 2004
    “Seriously implementing the spirits of ‘The 20th Police Conference’ and propelling the development and progress of police enterprises,” Gongan yanjiu [Policing Studies], 2004(2), pp. 14-16.
    18. Yue, Ma, 1997
    “The Police Law 1995: Organization, functions, powers and accountability of the Chinese police,” Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategy and Management, MCB University Press, 20(1), pp.113-135.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
    94925025
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0094925025
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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