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    政大機構典藏 > 教育學院 > 教育學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/96468
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/96468


    Title: 國小男女教師性別角色與學生學校適應、學業成就之研究
    A Study of the Relationship of Teacher's Gender Role to Student'''' s School Adaptation and Achievement
    Authors: 何秀珠
    Ho, Hsiu-Chu
    Contributors: 謝高橋
    李美枝

    Hsieh, Kao-Chiao
    Li, Mei-Chih

    何秀珠
    Ho, Hsiu-Chu
    Keywords: 國小教師
    性別角色
    學校適應
    學業成就
    教師性別
    國小學童
    Primery School Teacher
    Gender Role
    School Adaptation
    Scholastic Achievement
    Date: 1994
    Issue Date: 2016-05-11
    Abstract: 在國小女性教師日益增加以社會上生理和心理性別的一致性日漸分歧的趨勢下,教師在生理與心理性別上的差異,是否影響學生成長與學習?如何在現況中了解教師性別角色與性別對學的影響,如何輪換不同性別教師以減少對學生可能產生的影響,值得吾人重視。因此,本研究乃從男女教師在教學效能、教學態度的差異上著手,而以性別角色理論為基礎,探討男女教師性別角色與學生學校適應、學業成就之關係。以期做為師範院校師資養成教育以及國小安排及輪換教師之主要參考。
    為達成研究目的,本研究採二部份進行,第一部份採問卷調查法,以分層叢集取樣,選取桃竹苗四縣市國小男女教師256人(男119;女137),以探討教師性別角色、性別與教學態度、教學效能之關係;第二部份以問卷調查為主,兼及實驗法優點,以分層立意取樣選取第一部份樣本中,新竹縣市四至六年級七十九個班級的師生為研究對象,計男學生1245人,女學生1187人,以探討男女教師性別角色與學生學校適應、學業成就之關係。
    根據研究結果的分析與討論,歸納如下結論:
    一、教師性別與性別化特質對學生學校適應與學業成就均有直接影響,唯影響不大,重要的教師在學生心目中角色與形象。
    二、學生學業成就主要受其學校適應之影響,而學校適應良窳又取決於學生對教師形象的評定。學生認為級任教師是其心目中的好老師,則其學校生活愉快,適應良好,學業表現亦優異。反言之,學生學業成就上的差異來自其不同的學校適應,以及對老師形象不同評價。
    建議:
    一、小學教育方面
    (一)擴展教師的性別化角色
    (二)加強學校輔導工作,協助學生適應學校以能全心向學
    (三)教師應重視學生需求與感受,並扮演學生心目中的好老師
    (四)教師多關心智商、社經地位較低之學生,並予以適切輔導
    (五)輪換不同性別級任教師時,宜對學生多加關懷並予以定向輔導
    (六)宜縮小學校規模為中小型學校以利學生適應學校
    二、師範教育方面
    (一)教導學生扮演兩性化角色
    (二)增進師範生的輔導知能
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