由於社會環境的變遷與網際網路的興起，兒童與文字互動的機會減少，因而改變了閱讀習慣，連帶降低了閱讀興趣與理解力。讀報教育是藉由報紙文章篇幅不長、題材生活化和資訊即時切合時事的優點，當作閱讀媒材來引發學生的學習興趣，在培養學生閱讀習慣的同時增加閱讀理解及判斷思考的能力。讀報教育源於美國，並在國際間被廣泛推廣，臺灣也於2005年加入推動讀報教育的行列。本研究執行從2009年10月至2010年6月止，採用問卷法及訪談法蒐集臺北市國民小學實施讀報教育現況的資料，以臺北市實施讀報教育的國民小學和授課教師為研究對象。研究目的為分析實施讀報教育的方法及探究所面臨的困境，從中研擬在小學階段實施讀報教育時之參考方針。 Rapid social changes and the development of the Internet have produced profound influences on children’s reading behavior. The degree of children’s interaction with texts has been decreasing while children’s reading interests and reading comprehension have been as well declining. The introduction of newspaper reading into school education may helpfully improve the current inadequate cultivation of reading abilities. The idea of combining newspaper reading with school education originated in the United States and has been soon widely promoted around the world afterwards. Taiwan has forwarded this movement since 2005. The idea of “newspapers in education” takes advantage of newspapers as reading materials with shorter length, closely connected with everyday situations, and promptly reflective of current events. These characteristics of newspapers may help inspire reading interests, cultivate reading habits, and enhance abilities of comprehension and judgment. This empirical study was conducted from October 2009 to June 2010, adopting survey and interview methods for data collection. This study aimed to investigate the current status of newspapers in education in Taipei, Taiwan, specifically the effects of newspaper reading activity performed in elementary education. Approaches and challenges of implementing newspaper reading in elementary education were explored, with corresponding recommendations for further promotion.
圖書與資訊學刊, 76(3:1), 88-108 Journal of Librarianship and Information Science