|題名: ||1895-1945年日本在台殖民時期台灣的身分認同變遷: 定義及爭辯|
Identity Changes in Taiwan during Japanese Colonial Rule 1895-1945: Content and Contestation
|上傳時間: ||2016-07-01 16:00:38 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||English literature on colonial era Taiwanese identity is underrepresented in contemporary scholarship. In order to shed further light on the topic I will analyze: How did the identity of the people living on Taiwan transform during the Japanese colonial period, 1895-1945? |
I conduct my analysis using comparative method based on the framework put forth by Abdelal, Herrera, Johnston and McDermott in their Identity as a Variable. The paper defines collective identity as a social category that varies around two dimensions, content and contestation. The content describes the meaning of a collective identity. Contestation refers to the degree of agreement of the content of the identity. The content can be divided into four non-mutually-exclusive types: constitutive norms, social purposes, relational comparisons, and cognitive models.
During the Japanese period I argue that three constitutive norms changed on Taiwan. The Japanese transformed the Taiwanese into law-abiding citizens; they created a norm of sanitation and hygiene on the island; and they transformed the status of Women. The key forces in implementing change were the threat of punishment and education. In social purposes I argue that during the colonial era the Taiwanese elites developed a goal of improving the rights and opportunities for the Taiwanese people. The elites were divided between liberal and Marxist influence, and among the degree of acceptance for a political society within the Japanese Empire. During the colonial period, the relational comparison to the Japanese created the notion of Taiwanese as a collective unit. Japanese police changed the structure of Taiwanese society. The new structure broke down existing cleavages between different groups of Taiwanese. Over time the collective discrimination of Taiwanese by the Japanese, created a notion of Taiwanese as a single unit. In cognitive models I argue that the Japanese policies created a single community on Taiwan. The Japanese brought the modern state to Taiwan. The Japanese modernization policies created a single community on the island.
Abdelal, R., Herrera Y. M., Johntson A. I., McDermott, R. 2006. “Identity as a variable, Perspectives on Politics”. Cambridge Journals, 4(4): 695-711.
Brown, Melissa J. 2004. Is Taiwan Chinese? The impact of Culture Power and Migration on Changing Identities. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Brumaker, Roger, Lovemann, Maria, and Stamatov, Peter. 2004. “Ethnicity as Cognition”. Theory and Society, 33(1): 31-64.
Chen, Ching-chih. 1975. “The Japanese Adaptation of the Pao-Chia System in Taiwan 1895-1945”. The Journal of Asian Studies, 34(2): 391-416.
Chen, Ching-Chih. 1998. “Impact of Japanese Colonial Rule on Taiwanese Elites”. Journal of Asian History, 22: 25-51.
Chen, Edward I-te. 1972. “Formosan Political Movements Under Japanese Colonial Rule 1914-1937”. The Journal of Asian Studies, 31(3): 477-497.
Chi, Huang. 2005. “Dimensions of Taiwanese/Chinese Identity and National Identity in Taiwan-A Latent Class Analysis”. Journal of African and Asian Studies, 40: 51-70.
Chin, Hsien-yu. 1998. “Colonial Medicine Police and Postcolonial Medical Surveillance Systems in Taiwan 1895-1950s”. Osiris, 13: 326-328.
Ching, Leo T.S. 2000. “Give Me Japan and Nothing Else: Postcoloniality, identity and traces of colonialism”. South Atlantic Quarterly, 99(4): 763:788.
Ching, Leo T.S. 2001. Becoming Japanese: Colonial Taiwan and the politics of identity formation. Berkeley: California University Press.
Chou, Wan yao. 1991. “The Kominka Movement: Taiwan Under Wartime Japan, 1937-1945 : Japanization, National Language Movement”. Ph.D diss., Yale University.
Chou, Wan yao. 1996. “The Kominka movement in Taiwan and Korea: Comparisons and Interpretations”. in: The Japanese Wartime Empire 1932-1945 Edited by Peter Duus, Ramon Mayers and Mark Peattie. (40-71). Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Chu, Yun-han and Lin, Jih-wen. 2001. “Political Development in 20th-Century Taiwan: State-Building, Regime Transformation and the Construction of National Identity”. The China Quarterly, 165: 102-129.
Fairbank, John; Reischauer, O. Edwin; and Craig, M. Albert. 1973. East Asia: Tradition and Transformation. London: Allan and Unwin.
Fong, Shiaw-Chian. 2006. “Hegemony and Identity in the Colonial Experience of Taiwan, 1896-1945” in In Taiwan Under Japanese Colonial Rule1895 – 1945: History, Culture, Memory. Edited by Liao, Ping-hui, and Wang, Der-wei, David. (160-184). New York: Columbia University Press.
Gao, Xiaogya. 2003. “Women Existing for Men: Confucianism and Social Injustices Against Women in China”. Race, Gender, and Class, 10(3): 114-125.
George, A. L., and Bennett, A. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hao, Zhidong. 2010. Whither Taiwan and Mainland China, National Identity, the State and the Intellectuals. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Hsiau, A-chin. 2000. Contemporary Taiwanese Cultural Nationalism. New York: Routledge.
Huang, Ying-Che (2006) “Were Taiwanese being enslaved?” in Taiwan Under Japanese Colonial Rule 1895 – 1945: History, Culture, and Memory. Edited by Liao, Ping-hui, and Wang, Der-wei, David. (312-32). New York: Columbia University Press.
Ka, Chi-ming. 1995. Japanese Colonialism in Taiwan: Land Tenure, Development, and Dependency, 1895 – 1945. Boulder: Westview Press.
Katzenstein, Peter J. 1996. Cultural Norms and National Security: Police and military in Postwar Japan. New York: Cornell University Press.
Lamey, Harry, J. 1981. “Subethnic Rivlary in the Ching period” in Gates, Hill; and Ahern, Emily, Martin. The Anthropology of Taiwanese Society, (282:317). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Liao, Ping-hui; Wang, Der-wei, David. 2006. Taiwan Under Japanese Colonial Rule, 1895 – 1945: History, Culture, Memory. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lin, Chien-Yu, and Lee, Ping-Chao. 2007. “Sport as a Medium of National Resistance: Politics and Baseball in Taiwan during Japanese Colonialism, 1895-1945”. The international Journal of the History of Sport, 24(3): 319-337.
Liu, Frank C. S. 2012. “When Taiwan Identifiers Embrace of the ROC: The Complexity of state Identification in Taiwan”. Issues & Studies, 48(2): 1-34.
Liu, Shi-Yung. 2004. “Building a Strong and Healthy Empire: The critical period of building colonial medicine in Taiwan”. Japanese Studies, 24(3): 301-314.
Lo, Ming-Cheng. 2002. Doctors Within Borders: Profession, ethnicity and modernity in colonial Taiwan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mendel, Douglas. 1970. The Politics of Formosan Nationalism. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Rigger, Shelley. 1997. “Competing Conceptions of Taiwan’s Identity: The irresolvable Conflict in Cross-Strait relations”. Journals of Contemporary China, 6(15): 307-317.
Rigger, Shelley. 1999. Politics in Taiwan: Voting for Democracy. London: Routledge.
Shaw, Carl. 2002. “Modulations of Nationalism Across the Taiwan Strait”. Issues and Studies, 38(2): 122-147.
Shepherd, John Robert. 1993. Statecraft and Political Economy on the Taiwanese Frontier 1600-1800. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Shozo, Fuji. 2006. “The Formation of Taiwanese Identity and the Cultural Policy of Various Outside Regimes”. in Taiwan under Japanese colonial Rule, History, culture, Memory 1895-1945. edited by Liao Ping-hui and Wang Der-wei David. (62-78). New York: Columbia University Press.
Smith, Anthony D. 1993. National Identity. London, Penguin Books.
Smith, Anthony D. 2002. “When is a nation”. Geopolitics, 7(2): 5-32.
Song, Xiaokun. 2009. Between Civic and Ethnic The Transformation of Taiwanese National Ideologies 1895-2000. Brussels: Brussels University Press.
South China Morning Post. 2015. “Ex-Taiwan president Lee Teng-hui under fire for calling Japan the motherland”. South China Morning Post. August 21. Available at: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1851501/ex-taiwan-president-lee-under-fire-calling-japan.
South China Morning Post. 2016. “She’s so extreme because she’s single’: mainland official launches personal attack on Taiwan’s new leader Tsai Ing-wen”. South China Morning Post. May 25. Available at: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1953836/shes-so-extreme-because-shes-single-mainland-official.
Starrs, Roy. 2001. Asian Nationalism in an Age of Globalization. Surrey: Curzon Press.
Takeshi, Komagome. 1997. “Japanese Colonial Education in Taiwan 1895-1922: Percepts and Practices of Control”. History of Education, 27(3): 307-322.
Tai, Eika. 1999. “Kokugo and Colonial Education in Taiwan. Positions, 7(3): 503-539.
Tsai, Hui-yu Caroline. 1990. “One kind of Control: The Hoko system in Taiwan under Japanese Rule 1895-1945”. Ph. D. Diss., Columbia University.
Tsai, Hui-yu Caroline. 2006. “Shaping Administration in Colonial Taiwan, 1895-1945” in Taiwan under Japanese colonial Rule, History, culture, Memory. 1895-1945 edited by Liao Ping-hui and Wang Der-wei David. (98-121). New York: Columbia University Press.
Tsurumi, Patricia. 1967. “Taiwan Under Kodama Gentaro and Goto Shimpei”. Paper on Japan, 4: 95-146.
Tsurumi, Patricia. 1977. Japanese Colonial Education in Taiwan 1895-1945. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Yao, Jen-To. 2006. “The Japanese Colonial Empire and its form of knowledge in Taiwan under Japanese colonial Rule 1895-1945 History, culture, Memory. Edited by Liao Ping-hui and Wang Der-wei David. (39-61). New York: Columbia University Press.
Yin, K. Robert. 2014. Case study research: design and methods. Fifth edition. California: Thousand Oaks.
Wahman, Alan. 1994. Taiwan, National Identity and Democratization. New York: M. E. Sharpe.
Wakabayashi, Masahiro. 2006. “A Perspective on Studies of Taiwanese Political History: Reconsidering the Postwar Japanese Historiography of Japanese Colonial Rule in Taiwan”. in Taiwan under Japanese colonial Rule 1895-1945 History, culture, Memory. Edited by Liao Ping-hui and Wang Der-wei David. (19-36). New York: Columbia University Press.
Wang, Tai-sheng. 2000. Legal Reform in Taiwan under Japanese Colonial Rule 1895-1945 The Reception of Western Law. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Wong, Heung-wah and Yau, Hoi-yan. 2013. “What does it mean by Being Colonized? Reflections on the Japanese Colonial Policies in Taiwan”. Journal of Group Dynamics, 30: 342-360.
|顯示於類別:||[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文|