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    Title: 現行所謂「公益版」不動產逆向抵押貸款之設計提供多少的「社會福利」效果?
    Authors: 王健安;張金鶚
    Contributors: 地政系
    Keywords: 以房養老;不動產逆向抵押貸款;售後租回;社會福利
    housing endowment;reverse mortgage;sale and lease back;social welfare
    Date: 2016-03
    Issue Date: 2016-07-14 16:43:46 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究首先架構在台灣目前推出的不動產逆向抵押純貸款方案,透過不同情境,比如老人的存活年齡與領取年限、不動產抵押物價值與貸款額度的限制,以及利率水準等設算,應用領取RM金額後可用於多種選擇的構念,使用所得替代率、支出覆蓋率等指標,推算以房養老政策對應不同社會福利政策的目標效果。接著跳脫現有方案的思維,討論納入其它設計其提升的社福效果。主要的發現如下:(1)納入售後租回等設計比現行純貸款方案,更能提升老人各種社福政策指標的水準。(2)不動產逆向抵押貸款制度係提升老年生活水準的補充品或選項,而非替代品。
    This paper investigates the extent to which the current design of reverse mortgages in Taiwan provides a supplementary social welfare effect. On the basis of the key terms of elderly people’s age, the collateral value of housing, interest rate term structure, and loan-to-value ratios, we construct proxies related to the substitution of general income before retirement and to the coverage of multi-purpose expenses in order to quantify the policy effect of social welfare. We obtain two main findings. First, the extra edition of sale-and-lease-back suggested in this paper can provide more of a supplementary effect than can the current edition of puremortgage design. Thus, we find that the policy of reverse mortgaging can be considered a complement or alternative to promoting the standard of living oxf elderly people.
    Relation: 住宅學報, 25(1), 37-75
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 期刊論文

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