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|Other Titles: ||The Connection between Industrial Policy and Industrial Development—A Case Study of Auto Industry in Mainland China|
Automobile Industry;China Automobile;Industrial Development;Industrial Policy;Industrial Organization
|Issue Date: ||2016-07-20 15:08:33 (UTC+8)|
In advanced industrialized countries, industrial policy seems not necessary and rarelyadopted. But for newly developing countries, it can be a strategy or means to catch upwith the developed countries. Especially for East Asia's NICS, during their rapid growthof economy, industrial policy seems to have played a very important role. It has been over 50 years since China started its automobile industry. From “self-development, self-reliance” in the early period of planned economy to “enticing foreigncapital, cooperative development” in the period of market-based economy, automobile industry was listed as one of the pillar industries which would be prioritized in “Seventh Five-year plan” (1986-1990). Chinese government promulgated “Industrial Policy forAutomobile” in March 1994 and “Policy for the development of Automobile Industry” in June 2004, trying to facilitate auto industry. So it’s obvious that the Chinese government considered industrial policy as a critical method to boom automobile industry. This paper points out, under the guidance and protection of industrial policy, someparts of automobile industry in China has succeeded while some has not. But overall, the development of China’s auto industry has reached a quite good level. It has proved thatindustrial policy really worked. After China’s entry into WTO and coupled with the globalization steps, China has modified its industrial policy of automobile. Newly announced automobile policy of 2004 aims China to become a giant automobile manufacturing country and requests the local automobile operators to create their own brand names. The goals can be achieved or not,depends not only on the effort of automobile operators, but also on the implementation of industrial policy and the enforcement ability of the Chinese government.
|Relation: ||東亞研究, 36(1), 173-225|
East Asia Studies
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[東亞研究] 期刊論文|
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