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    Title: 土耳其公共外交在中國
    Turkey`s Public Diplomacy on China
    Authors: 柯達瑞
    Kadri, Biskinler Ebubekir
    Contributors: 李明
    Lee, Ming
    柯達瑞
    Biskinler Ebubekir Kadri
    Keywords: 公共外交
    土中關係
    土耳其外交政策
    軟實力
    Public diplomacy
    Turkey and China relations
    Turkish foreign policy
    Soft power
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2016-07-21 10:43:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 20世紀初期世界上許多國家開始使用公共外交。有鑑於在一個變化中的世界體系,公共外交在雙邊關係上扮演了相當重要的角色。特別是冷戰後的全球政治發展,為了與其他國家之間建立更穩健的關係,並透過軟實力獲取國際間的認同開闢了一條新路徑。
    此論文主要探討土耳其在中國的公共外交活動。1971年土耳其共和國和中華人民共和國開始建立外交關係後,兩國主要聚焦於經濟發展。2011年兩國慶祝建交40週年,兩國之間的教育、文化和社會活動的關係發展,漸趨頻繁並獲得更多的重視。
    此論文一開始先引入公共外交的概念,其次將闡述土耳其和中國古今關係。接著也將簡要的說明土耳其在中國實施教育、文化、媒體和宗教等公共外交活動的相關機構。最後將針對土耳其在中國的公共外交活動進行評價和提供建議。
    此外,本研究對土耳其政府相關部門之高階官員及非政府組織進行訪談,訪談內容將使此研究論文更臻豐富。
    At the beginning of 20th century many countries in the world started to use public diplomacy activities. This is due to its being in a changing world system, public diplomacy began to take an important role in bilateral relations. Developments in the global politics, especially after the Cold War, had opened a new path for many countries to build stronger relations with other countries and to gain the sympathy of the foreign public by using soft power elements.
    In this thesis Turkey’s public diplomacy activities in China were emphasized. Since the inception of the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Turkey and People’s Republic of China in 1971, both countries mainly focused on economic developments. Relations regarding education, culture and social activities were developed, and gained more importance in 2011 after both countries celebrated their 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
    At the beginning of this thesis the concept of “public diplomacy” has been introduced. Then, Turkish and Chinese relations have been addressed to understand the relations from history to present. Later, Turkey’s public diplomacy institutions that are implementing public diplomacy activities on education, culture, media and religion in China are, also, briefly explained. Finally, Turkey’s Public diplomacy activities in China are evaluated and recommendations are given. Therewithal, regarding this study, besides literature researches and interviews with officials in high position from leading Turkish government institutions and NGOs made this thesis more opulence.
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    China and Turkey Established Diplomatic Relations (我国与土耳其建交) (August 4, 1971) People Daily. Accessed February 5, 2016. From http://www.people.com.cn/GB/historic/0804/2555.html
    China raises five-point proposal on advancing relations with Turkey (June 25, 2009) Xinhua. Accessed January 1, 2016. From http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-06/25/content_11602403.htm
    China Year in Turkey, Turkey year in China will Celebrate (Türkiye’de Çin, Çin’de Türkiye yılı Kutlanacak) (June 16, 2010). Dünya. Accessed January 3, 2016. From http://www.dunya.com/guncel/turkiyede-cin-cinde-turkiye-yili-kutlanacak-91283h.htm
    China-Eurasia Expo, will Strengthen China-Turkey Relations. (Çin-Avrasya Fuarı, Çin-Türkiye ilişkilerini güçlendirecek) (September 2, 2012) 中国国际广播电台. Accessed January 3, 2016. From http://turkish.cri.cn/781/2012/09/02/1s142763.htm
    Chinese Foreign Affairs Minister in Ankara (Çin Dışişleri Bakanı Ankara’ya geldi) (June 12, 1978) Milliyet.
    Chinese Premier Meets Turkish Deputy Prime Minister (May 28, 2002) Xinhua. Accessed February 15, 2016. From http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2002-05/28/content_413121.htm
    Chinese President Jiang Zemin Arrived in Turkey (江澤民主席抵達土耳其訪問) (April 19, 2000) People Daily. Accessed February 12, 2016. From http://people.com.cn/BIG5/channel1/10/20000419/41888.html
    Chinese Prime-Minister gave Surprise about Tourism (Çin Başbakanı’ndan Turist Müjdesi) (April 16, 2002) NtvMsnbc. Accessed February 14, 2016. From http://arsiv.ntv.com.tr/news/146997.asp
    Davutoglu: Turkey - China Relations are in New Period (Davutoğlu: Türkiye Çin İlişkileri Yeni Bir Dönemeçte) (January 27, 2010) Milliyet. Accessed January 2, 2016. From http://www.milliyet.com.tr/davutoglu-turkiye-cin-iliskileri-yenibir-donemecte/siyaset/siyasetdetay/27.01.2010/1191407/default.htm
    Enver Met with Chinese Leader in Peking (Evren, Pekin’de Çin Lideri ile Görüştü) (December 12, 1982) Milliyet.
    Enver: In the Past Turkey and China experienced Similar Pain against Imperialism (Evren: Türkiye ve Çin Geçmişte Emperyalizme Karşı Benzer Acıları Yaşadı) (December 12, 1982) Milliyet.
    Erdogan’s visit to China Emphasis on Cultural Contacts (Erdoğan'ın Çin Ziyaretinde Kültürel Temaslara Vurgu) (April 16, 2012) 中国国际广播电台. Accessed January 3, 2016. From http://turkish.cri.cn/741/2012/04/16/162s139613.htm
    Erdoğan’s China Visit Started (Erdoğan'ın Çin Gezisi Başladı) (January 14, 2003) Yenişafak. Accessed February 11, 2016. From http://www.yenisafak.com/arsiv/2003/ocak/14/politika.html
    Ertugrul Günay. (October 8, 2010) 中国国际广播电台. Accessed January 2, 2016. From http://turkish.cri.cn/862/2010/10/08/141s128758.htm
    First Dance Performance Team from Overseas Arrived for Festival in Urumqi, Turkish Opera and Ballets will rehearsal Rose Garden on Sunday. (舞蹈节首个海外演出团队抵达乌鲁木齐. 土耳其国际歌剧与芭蕾舞团周日彩排.玫瑰园). (July 18, 2013) 凤凰网资讯. Accessed March 3, 2016. From http://news.ifeng.com/gundong/detail_2013_07/18/27618108_0.shtml
    Foreign Affairs Minister Returned Home (Dışişleri Bakanı Yurda Döndü) (December 25, 1981” Milliyet.
    Gosset D. (September, 5 2013) Strategic Synergy for Global Security. China Daily Africa. Accessed January 21, 2016. From http://africa.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2013-09/05/content_16946564.htm
    Gül: I Completed My Academic Career “Gül: Akademik Kariyerim Tamam” (June 30, 2009) Milliyet. Accessed November 12, 2015. From http://www.milliyet.com.tr/gul--akademik-kariyerim-tamam---/siyaset/siyasetdetay/30.06.2009/1112236/default.htm
    Gunes, E. (January 10, 2013) Turkish Group Plays Key Syria Swap Role. Hurriyet Daily News. Accessed October 22, 2015. From http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/Default.aspx?pageID=238&nid=38744
    Interest in Turkish Universities in China. “Çin’de Türk Üniversitelerine İlgi” (October 21, 2013) Hürriyet. Accessed April 10, 2016. From http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/cin-de-turk-universitelerine-ilgi-24951512
    Let Hearts Be Together. (September 24, 2013) 中国国际广播电台. Accessed March 2, 2016. From http://turkish.cri.cn/882/2013/09/24/1s152286.htm
    Magnificent Century is the First Turkish Series in China. (January 13, 2014) Radikal. Accessed March May 2, 2016. From http://www.radikal.com.tr/hayat/cinde-ilk-turk-dizisi-muhtesem-yuzyil-1170565/
    Minister of Commerce Kemal Cantürk went to Peking. “Ticaret Bakanı Kemal Cantürk Pekin’e Gitti” (May 05, 1981) Milliyet.
    Nichols, B. (June 11, 2003) How Rock’n Roll Freed the World. USA Today. Accessed June 6, 2015. From http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/2003-11-06-rockroll-usat_x.htm
    Officially People’s Republic of China recognized (Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti’ni resmen tanıdık) (August 6, 1971) Cumhuriyet.
    Ottoman Rescue Mission. (March 4, 2014) Daily Sabah. Accessed March 18, 2016. From http://www.dailysabah.com/cinema/2014/03/05/ottoman-rescue-mission
    Ottoman subjects in China. (July 22, 1908) The Times.
    PRA Has Gave a Speech at Niujie Mosque. (June 24, 2011) DogruHaber. Accessed March 2, 2016. From http://www.dogruhaber.com.tr/haber/7463-diyanet-cin-niu-jie-camiinde-vaaz-verdi/
    Presidency of Religious Affairs Has Signed a High Level Protocol. (June 21, 2011) Haber7. Accessed March 2, 2016. From http://www.haber7.com/guncel/haber/756118-diyanet-ust-duzey-bir-protokole-imza-atti
    President Erdogan had Attended Turkish – Chinese Business Forum in Beijing. (July 30, 2015) Hürriyet. Accessed April 10, 2016. From http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/cumhurbaskani-erdogan-pekinde-turk-cin-is-forumuna-katildi-29680894
    President Erdogan in China (Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan Çin'de) (July 29, 2015) Habertürk. Accessed January 5, 2016. From http://www.haberturk.com/dunya/haber/1108705-cumhurbaskani-erdogan-cinde
    President Erdogan: We Have Learned That There are 35 Thousand Mosques in China. (Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan: Çin´de 35 bin cami olduğunu öğrendik) (July 30, 2015) Star. Accessed February 27, 2016. From http://haber.star.com.tr/guncel/cumhurbaskani-erdogan-cinde-35-bin-cami-oldugunu-ogrendik/haber-1046996
    President of Republic of Turkey visits Xinjiang (土耳其共和国总统访新疆) (June 30, 2009) China Daily. Accessed November 12, 2015. From http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/dfpd/2009-06/30/content_9162781.htm
    Recognizing China (Çin’i Tanırken) (August 6, 1971) Cumhuriyet.
    Reportage with Mehmet Ali Sahin (1) (Mehmet Ali Şahin’le Röportaj (1)) (April 12, 2007) 中国国际广播电台. Accessed February 28, 2016. From http://turkish.cri.cn/1/2007/04/12/1@70020.htm
    Role of Turkey during Famine clarified. (June 1, 2010) The Irish Times. Accessed March 17, 2016. From http://www.irishtimes.com/news/role-of-turkey-during-famine-clarified-1.672383
    Social Responsibility Project from Huawei (Huawei’den Sosyal Sorumluluk Projesi). (July 21, 2015). Milliyet. Accessed November 22, 2015. From http://www.milliyet.com.tr/huawei-den-sosyal-sorumluluk-teknoloji-2090516/
    State Minister Tuzmen is in China (Devlet Bakanı Tüzmen Çin’de) (September 20, 2006) Hürriyet. From http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/devlet-bakani-tuzmen-cinde-5116811
    Turkey – China Talks Started in Peking (Pekin’deki Türk – Çin görüşmeleri başladı) (July 2, 1985) Milliyet.
    Turkey and China will Cooperate in the International Forums (Türkiye ile Çin Uluslararası Forumlarda İşbirliği Yapacak) (March 15, 1984) Milliyet.
    Turkey in China. (July 14, 1908) The Daily News.
    Turkey is here, 2013 Turkish Culture Year in China Opening. (土耳其就在这里.”2013中国土耳其文化年将开幕) (March 15, 2013) 人民日报社. Accessed March 30, 2016. From http://culture.people.com.cn/n/2013/0315/c87423-20801884.html
    Turkish President concludes visit in NW China city (June 28, 2009) Global Times. Accessed November 12, 2015. From http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/440532.shtml
    Turkish prime-minister visits China (April 9, 2012) The Guardian. Accessed January 3, 2016. From http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/09/turkish-prime-minister-visits-china
    Turkvision Song Contest is Starting. (September 22, 2013) E-gazete. Accessed June 1 2015. From http://e-gazete.anadolu.edu.tr/ayrinti.php?no=13112
    Uyghur Governor in Izmir (Uygur Başkanı İzmir’de) (July 6, 1985) Milliyet.
    World’s Biggest 20 Economy. (Dünyanın en Büyük 20 Ekonomisi) (November 10, 2015) Hürriyet. Accessed March 16, 2016. From http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/dunya-ekonomisine-yon-veren-ulkeler-40012350
    Wu, K. (May 1, 2009) Kenan Evren’s China Love (Kenan Evren’in Çin Sevgisi) 中国国际广播电台. Accessed February 20, 2016. From http://turkish.cri.cn/882/2009/04/01/1s112846.htm

    Reports
    Armitage, R. L., & Nye Jr, J. S. Commission on Smart Power: A Smarter, More Secure America. Center for Strategic & International Studies Report, 1, 2007.
    Asia Studies Research Center 2015 Activity Report. (Asya Çalışmaları Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi 2015 Faaliyet Raporu) Bosphorus University, Asia Studies Research Center. İstanbul 2015.
    Kirilen, G. The Diplomatic and Cultural Relations between Ottoman Empire and China in 16th and 17th Century (16. – 17. Yüzyıllarda Osmanlı ile Çin arasındaki Diplomatik ve Kültürel İlişkiler) 38. International Congress of Asian and North African Studies Paper. Atatürk Supreme Council for Culture, Language, and History, 2009.
    Yunus Emre Institute 2014 Activity Report (Yunus Emre Enstitüsü 2014 Faaliyet Raporu) Ankara 2014

    Interviews
    Ceylan, Ebubekir. Vice President of Yunus Emre Institute. “Interview about: Turkey’s Public Diplomacy in China” Ankara. 20 June 2016.
    Şahin, Özcan. Consul General of Consulate General of Turkey in Shanghai. “Interview about: Turkey’s Public Diplomacy in China” Shanghai 20 May 2016.
    Çokçevik, Ramazan. Deputy Director General of General Directorate of Promotion, of Ministry of Culture and Tourism. “Interview about: Turkey’s Public Diplomacy in China” Ankara. 15 June 2016.
    Gündoğan, Serdar. Vice President of Presidency of Turks Abroad and Related Communities. “Interview about: Turkey’s Public Diplomacy in China” Ankara. 17 June 2016.

    Official Documents / Reports
    2012-2013 Academic Year, Number of Foreign Students in Education Institutions. Republic of Turkey, Center of Measurement, Selection and Placement. Ankara
    2014 Activity Report. (2014) Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    Administration Activity Annual Report 2013. Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Ankara 2013
    Administration Activity Annual Report 2015. Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Ankara 2015
    Agreement: Cultural Exchange Program between the Government of the Republic of Turkey and The Government of the People’s Republic of China for the period 2010 – 2013
    Annual Activity Report of 2011. (YTB 2011 Faaliyet Raporu). Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities Ankara 2011.
    Annual Activity Report of 2015 (2015 Faaliyet Raporu). Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities. Ankara 2015.
    Annual Activity Report 2013. Presidency of Religious Affairs. Ankara 2013
    Higher Education Institutions and Upper Organizations (1982) The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey (2709) Ankara
    Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. (2010) Law on Organization and Duties of Presidency for Turks and Related Communities (27544) Ankara. Turkish Prime-ministry Office.
    Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. (2014) Regulations on Ankara University, Asia Pacific Studies and research Center (29116) Ankara. Turkish Prime-ministry Office.
    Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. (1946). Law on ratification of the Convention of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (6316) Ankara. Turkish Prime-Ministry Office.
    Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. (2002). The Supreme Election Board Decision. (24932) Ankara. Turkish Prime-ministry Office.
    Republic Senate (February 2, 1971) Republic Senate Proceedings Magazine. Vol: 63.
    Strategic Plan of 2015 – 2019. Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Ankara
    The White House. (1963). Memorandum for The Director United States Information Agency. Washington, D.C: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    Tourism Highlights 2015 Edition. (2016) United Nations World Tourism Organization.
    Turkish Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Müfettişlik ve Komiserlikler Tahrirati) Document: 19 Number: 28
    Turkish Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives 151/114, 7 M 1325.
    Turkish Prime-Ministry Republic Archives. Fon: 30.10.0, Place No: 12.71.20.
    Turkish Prime-Ministry Republic Archives. Fon: 30.10.0, Place No: 257.728.2.
    U.S. Department of State. Private Sector Summit on Public Diplomacy Models for Action. Washington D.C. 2007.

    Official Website
    2013 Turkish Culture Year in China Has Started. (2013 Çin'de Türkiye Kültür Yılı başladı). (March 22, 2013) Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in The Republic of Turkey” Accessed March 1, 2016. From http://tr.china-embassy.org/tur/ztgx/t1023966.htm
    2016 Applications to Türkiye Scholarships has Ended with an Overwhelming Number of Applications. Türkiye Scholarships. Accessed April 5, 2016. From http://www.turkiyeburslari.gov.tr/index.php/en/haberler/853-turkiye-burslari-2016-basvurulari-rekor-bir-sayiyla-sona-erdi
    About DGPI. Directorate General of Press and Information. Accessed May 1, 2016. From http://www.byegm.gov.tr/english/about-dgpi
    About SAM. SAM. Accessed April 16, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/tr/sam-hakkinda/
    About Us. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 15, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/tr/hakkimizda/hakkimizda/
    Alumni. SAM. Accessed April 16, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/tr/alumni/
    As titled “Most Generous Country” in International Assistance Turkey’s aid campaign still Continues. Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed March 28, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/haber/turkiyenin-dis-yardimlari-2013/494
    Breeze of Anatolia Photo Exhibition. (September 19, 2013) Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Turkish Embassy in Beijing. Accessed March 2, 2016. From http://pekin.be.mfa.gov.tr/ShowAnnouncement.aspx?ID=194376
    Brief History of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Turkish Embassy in Beijing. Accessed March 18, 2016. From http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-cumhuriyeti-disisleri-bakanligi-tarihcesi.en.mfa
    China Visit of the Academy. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/tr/akademimizin-cin-halk-cumhuriyeti-ziyareti/
    Chinese Diplomats Program. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 18, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/tr/cinli-diplomatlar-icin-program/
    Chinese Journalists was in Turkey. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 29, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/haber/cinli-gazeteci-heyeti-turkiyedeydi/292
    Chinese Press Delegation Has Visited DGPI. Directorate General of Press and Information. Accessed May 1, 2016. From http://www.byegm.gov.tr/turkce/faaliyet/n-halk-cumhuryet-basin-heyet-basin-yayin-ve-enformasyon-genel-mdrln-zy/1001
    Chinese, Turkish Leaders Exchange Congratulatory Messages on 40th Anniversary of Diplomatic Ties between the Two Countries. (August 8, 2011). Embassy of The People’s Republic of China in the United States of America. Accessed January 3, 2016. From http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/zgyw/t845608.htm
    Citizens Abroad Department. (Yurtdışı Vatandaşlar Dairesi Başkanlığı). Presidency for Turks and Related Communities. Accessed April 1, 2016. From http://www.ytb.gov.tr/yurtdisi_vatandaslar_db.php
    Comprehensive Cultural Activities Recently Organized Abroad. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Accessed March 1, 2016. From http://www.mfa.gov.tr/yurtdisinda-son-zamanlarda-duzenlenen-turk-yillari-ve-mevsimleri.tr.mfa
    Content. Council of Higher Education. Accessed April 20, 2016. From http://www.yok.gov.tr/web/mevlana/icerik/-/journal_content/56_INSTANCE_9HqpE1M7RRmF/757816/3675289
    Diaspora Scholarships (Diaspora Bursları). Presidency for Turks and Related Communities. Accessed April 3, 2016. From http://www.ytb.gov.tr/diaspora_burs.php
    Diplomacy and Protocol Education. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/tr/egitim-programlari/diger-kurum-ve-kuruluslar/diplomasi-protokol-egitimi/
    Education Program for Chinese Young Diplomats. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/tr/cinli-genc-diplomatlar-egitim-programi/
    Emerging Powers and World Order: Turkish and Chinese Perspectives. (February 11, 2012) SAM. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/emerging-powers-and-world-order-turkish-and-chinese-perspectives/
    Establishment and a Brief History. Presidency of Religious Affairs. Accessed April 22, 2016. From http://www.diyanet.gov.tr/en/kategori/kurumsal/1
    Foreign Policy Promotion Program. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 28, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/faaliyetler/dis-politika-tanitim-programlari/43
    General Directorate of Foreign Relations. (January 1, 2014) Presidency of Religious Affairs. Accessed April 26, 2016. From http://www.diyanet.gov.tr/en/icerik/general-directorate-of-foreign-relations/12600
    History. Council of Higher Education. Accessed April 20, 2016. From http://www.yok.gov.tr/web/guest/tarihce
    Homepage. Türkiye Scholarships. Accessed April 5, 2016. From http://www.turkiyeburslari.gov.tr/index.php/en/
    Hu Jintao Talks with Turkish President Abdullah Gul (胡锦涛与土耳其总统居尔会谈) (June 26, 2009). The National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China. Accessed December 21, 2015. From http://www.npc.gov.cn/npc/xinwen/szyw/zhbd/2009-06/26/content_1508095.htm
    Institutional (Kurumsal). Presidency for Turks and Related Communities. Accessed April 1, 2016. From http://www.ytb.gov.tr/kurumsal.php
    Institutional. Turkish Radio and Television Cooperation. Accessed March 30, 2016. From http://www.trt.net.tr/Kurumsal/KilometreTaslari.aspx?yil=1981
    International Junior Diplomats Training Program. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/en/education-programs-2/international-training-programs/international-junior-diplomats-training-program/
    International Offices. Anatolia Agency. Accessed April 30, 2016. From http://aa.com.tr/en/p/international-offices
    Journalists from People’s Republic of China was in Turkey. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 29, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/haber/cin-halk-cumhuriyeti-gazeteci-heyeti-turkiyedeydi/594
    Journalists Group Program. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 29, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/faaliyetler/gazeteci-heyetleri-programi/16
    Kalın, İ. Turkish Foreign Politics and Public Diplomacy (Türk Dış Politikası ve Kamu Diplomasisi). Public Diplomacy Office. From http://kdk.gov.tr/sag/turk-dis-politikasive-kamu-diplomasisi/20
    Language Programs. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 15, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/en/education-programs-2/language-programs/
    Mainpage. Council of Higher Education. Accessed April 20, 2016. From http://www.yok.gov.tr/web/guest/anasayfa
    Meeting with Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). (June 1, 2011) SAM. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/meeting-with-chinese-academy-of-social-sciences-cass/
    Meeting with the Delegation of “China Institute of Contemporary International Relations”. (March 31, 2011) SAM. Accessed April 16, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/meeting-with-the-delegation-of-china-institute-of-contemporary-international-relations/
    Meeting with Zhang Zhijun, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. (March 31, 2011). SAM. Accessed April 17, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/meeting-with-zhang-zhijun-deputy-minister-of-foreign-affairs-of-the-peoples-republic-of-china/
    Meetings Abroad. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 28, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr//en/faaliyetler/meetings-abroad/47
    Memorandum of Understanding between SAM and SIIS. (November 26, 2014) SAM. Accessed April 16, 2016. From http://sam.gov.tr/memorandum-of-understanding-between-sam-and-siis/
    Mevlana Exchange Program. Council of Higher Education. Accessed April 20, 2016. From http://www.yok.gov.tr/web/mevlana/icerik/-/journal_content/56_INSTANCE_9HqpE1M7RRmF/757816/3674052
    Minister Çelik Welcomed Grandson of Confucius and Next is Jackie Chan. (June 9, 2013) Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Accessed March 2, 2016. From http://basin.kulturturizm.gov.tr/yazdir?3ED6A04A4C35B3D742D679352C7508D9
    Mr. Ministers Press Meeting at Our Embassy in Beijing. (November 2, 2010) Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Accessed January 3, 2016. From http://www.mfa.gov.tr/sayin-bakanimizin-pekin_de-buyukelciligimiz_de-duzenledikleri-basin-toplantisi_-2-kasim-2010.tr.mfa
    National Cooperation Agreements. Diplomacy Academy. Accessed April 15, 2016. From http://diab.mfa.gov.tr/en/about/cooperation-activities/
    NGO Capacity Building Program of YTB. (December 11, 2013) Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Consular General of Turkey in Geneva. Accessed April 8, 2016. From http://geneva.cg.mfa.gov.tr/ShowAnnouncement.aspx?ID=199654
    Omer Celik emphasis ‘Historical Dept’. (March 25, 2013) Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in The Republic of Turkey” Accessed March 1, 2016. From http://tr.china-embassy.org/tur/ztgx/t1024731.htm
    Overview of China - Turkey Relations (中土关系概况) Embassy of The People’s Republic of China in The Republic of Turkey. Accessed February 20, 2016. From http://tr.china-embassy.org/chn/ztgx/t191491.htm
    PDO Circular. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 28, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/faaliyetler/kdk-genelgesi/5
    Photo Exhibition. (October 28, 2013) Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Turkish Embassy in Beijing. Accessed March 2, 2016. From http://pekin.be.mfa.gov.tr/ShowAnnouncement.aspx?ID=197241
    Premier Wen Jiabao met with Deputy Prime-minister and Foreign Affairs Minister Abdullah Gul. (Başbakan Wen Jiabao Türkiye Başbakan Yardımcısı ve Dışişleri Bakanı Abdullah Gül ile görüştü). (This news was taken from Chinese Foreign Affairs website and translated into Turkish). (February 4, 2005) Turkish Prime Ministry, Directorate General of Press and Information. Accessed January 8, 2016. From http://www.byegm.gov.tr/turkce/haber/babakan-wen-jabao-trkye-babakan-yardimcisi-ve-diler-bakani-abdullah-gl-le-g/21431
    Premier Zhu Rongji met with Turkish Justice and Development Party Chairman Recep Tayyip Erdogan (朱镕基总理会见土耳其正义与发展党主席埃尔) (January 15, 2003) Mission of the People’s Republic of China to the European Union. Accessed February 18, 2016. From http://www.chinamission.be/chn/zgwj/t6382.htm
    President Erdogan is in China. (July 28, 2015) Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Accessed January 2, 2016. From http://www.mfa.gov.tr/president-erdogan-is-in-china.en.mfa
    Projects on Capacity Building in Lebanon Civil Society. Presidency for Turks and Related Communities. Accessed April 5, 2016. From http://www.ytb.gov.tr/haber_detay.php?detay=4808
    Public Diplomacy Panels. Turkish Prime-ministry, Public Diplomacy Office. Accessed April 28, 2016. From http://kdk.gov.tr/faaliyetler/kamu-diplomasisi-panelleri/24
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
    98926038
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098926038
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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