English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 91913/122132 (75%)
Visitors : 25779476      Online Users : 101
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/99514

    Title: 台灣華語正常及構音異常幼童之習得現象:滑音產製研究
    Phonological Development and Disorder in Taiwan Mandarin:The Status of Glides
    Authors: 許馨云
    Hsu, Hsin Yun
    Contributors: 萬依萍
    Wan, I Ping
    Hsu, Hsin Yun
    Keywords: 滑音習得
    glide development
    markedness theory
    positional prominence hierarchy
    Taiwan Mandarin
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2016-08-02 15:43:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本篇論文檢視台灣華語為母語之正常幼童以及構音異常幼童之滑音[j],[w], [ɥ]發展與產製表現,採長期觀察之方式,詳細描述正常幼兒滑音產製之出現及穩定年齡、頻率、正確率和發展順序,並且比較此三滑音於各音節位置之產製表現,進而比較兩組幼童之台灣華語滑音產製及音韻歷程之使用行為。本研究以標記理論及位置層級理論來檢驗幼兒滑音之發展與表現。
    The purpose of the present study is to report the developmental process of three Mandarin glides [w, j, ɥ] in terms of three word positions by examining the age of emergence and stabilization, the order of stabilization, and accuracy rate of thechildren’s production, and further compare the normative data with phonological disorder data in order to explore the possible phonological processes. This study alsoaccounts for the developmental process of glides on the basis of markedness theory and positional prominence hierarchy.
    A longitudinal study was carried out for the investigation of two normally-developing children, aged between 0;9-2;4 and 0;10-2;4, and two phonologically-disordered children, one of whom is between 4;3 and 4;9, and the other between 3;10 and 4;3. The data were collected at two-week intervals.
    The results showed that the order of glide emergence and stabilization of the normally-developing group is in accordance with the markedness theory. The unmarked [j], [w] precede marked [ɥ]. Moreover, the stabilization order of the three glides in terms of the three syllable positions was found to reflect the interaction between markedness constraint and positional prominence hierarchy. The unmarked glide in the initial position is the first to stabilize and the marked glide in the non-initial position is the last to stabilize. On the other hand, the children in the phonologically-disordered group were found to consistently replace the presumably earlier-developing glide with a presumably later-developing one, which differs from the process used in the normally-developing group. Furthermore, this group of children produced the combination that violates the phonotactic constraints of Taiwan Mandarin. In addition, there are three phonological processes, including deletion, metathesis, and substitution detected in children’s data. The most commonly used process is deletion in both groups of children.
    Reference: Bao, Z. (1990). Fanqie languages and reduplication. Linguistic Inquiry, 317-350.
    Bao, Z. (1996). The syllable in Chinese. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 24(2), 312-353.
    Bao, Z. (2002). The asymmetry of the medial glides in Middle Chinese. Chinese Phonology, 11, 7-27.
    Bortolini, U., & Leonard, L. (1991). The speech of phonologically-disordered children acquiring Italian. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 5, 1-12.
    Bradford, B., & Dodd, B. (1994). The motor planning abilities of phonologically-disordered children. European Journal of Disorders of Communication, 29, 349–369.
    Chao, Y.-R. (1951). The Cantian idiolect: an analysis of the Chinese spoken by a twenty-eight-month-old child. In C. A. Ferguson & D. I. Slobin (eds), Studies of child language development. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, INC.
    Chao, Y.-R. (1968). A grammar of spoken Chinese. Berkeley: University of California Press.119
    Cheng, C.-C. (1973). A synchronic phonology of Mandarin Chinese. Mouton: The Hague.
    Crothers, J. (1978). Typology and universals of vowel systems in phonology. Universals of human language, 2, 95-152.
    Demuth, K., & Fee, J. (1995). Minimal prosodic words in early phonological development. Ms., Brown University and Dalhousie University.
    Demuth, K., Culbertson, J., & Alter, J. (2006). Word-minimality, epenthesis and coda licensing in the early acquisition of English. Language and Speech, 49(2), 137-173.
    Duanmu. S. 1990. A Formal Study of Syllable, Tone, Stress, and Domain in Chinese Languages. Cambridge: MIT dissertation.
    Duanmu, S. (2002). The phonology of Standard Chinese. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Dodd, B., Holm, A., Zhu, H., & Crosbie, S. (2003). Phonological development: A normative study of British English-speaking children. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 17, 617–643.
    Ferguson, C. A., & Farwell, C. B. (1975). Words and sounds in early language acquisition. Language, 419-439.
    Gick, B. (2003). Articulatory correlates of ambisyllabicity in English glides and liquids. Phonetic Interpretation: Papers in Laboratory Phonology VI, 222-236.
    Gleason, J. B., & Ratner, N. B. (2009). The development of language, 7th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson.
    Gnanadesikan, A. E. (1996). Child phonology in optimality theory: Ranking markedness and faithfulness constraints. In Proceedings of the 20th Annual Boston University Conference on language development, 1, 237-248.
    Goldstein, B. A. (2005). Substitution patterns in the phonology of Spanish-speaking children. Journal of Multilingual Communication Disorders, 3(3), 153-168.
    Greenberg, J. (1966). Language universals; with special reference to feature hierarchies. Janua linguarum, series minor, 59. The Hague: Mouton.
    Grunwell, P. (1981). The nature of phonological disability in children. Academic Press.
    Grunwell, P. (1982). Clinical phonology. Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers.
    Grunwell, P. (1987). Clinical phonology (2nd ed.). London: Croom Helm.
    Hawkins, J. A., & Cutler, A. (1988). Psycholinguistic factors in morphological asymmetry. Explaining language universals, 280-317.
    Hedrick, D. L., Prather, E. M., and Tobin, A. R., (1975). Sequenced Inventory of Communication Development. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.
    Ingram, D. (1988). The acquisition of word-initial [v]. Language and Speech, 31, 77–85.
    Jakobson, R. (1941). Kindersprache, Aphasie, und allgemeine Lautgesetze. Uppsala, Almqvist & Wiksell: Child Language, Aphasia and Phonological Universals. The Hague: Mouton.
    Jakobson, R. (1968). Child language, aphasia, and phonological universals. The Hauge: Mouton.
    Jeng, H-H. (1979). The acquisition of Chinese phonology in relation to Jakobson’s laws of irreversible solidarity. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. University of Copenhagen, 2, 155-161.
    Jiménez, J., & Lloret, M. R. (2013). Vocalic adjustments under positional markedness in Catalan and other Romance languages. Information Structure and Agreement, 197, 319-336.
    Kirk, C., & Demuth, K. (2006). Accounting for variability in 2-year-olds' production of coda consonants. Language Learning and Development, 2, 97–118.
    Krakow, R. A. (1989). The articulatory organization of syllables: A kinematic analysis of labial and velar gestures. University Microfilms.
    Kochetov, A. (2006). Syllable position effects and gestural organization: articulatory evidence from Russian. In Goldstein, L., Whalen, D. & Best, C. (eds.), Papers in Laboratory Phonology VIII: Varieties of Phonological Competence. Berlin: Mouton deGruyter.
    Ladefoged, P., & Johnson, K. (2014). A Course in Phonetics (7th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage.
    Leonard, L. (1985). Unusual and subtle phonological behavior in the speech of phonologically-disordered children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 50, 4-13. (1985 Editor's Award: Article of Highest Merit)
    Li, Paul J.-K. (1977). Child language acquisition of Mandarin phonology. In R.
    Cheng, Y. C. Li & Ting-chi Tang (eds), Proceedings of the Symposium on Chinese Linguistics: Linguistic Institute of the Linguistic Society of America. Taipei: Student Books.
    Lin, Y.-H. (1990). Prenuclear glides in Chinese. In Mid-America Linguistics Conference.
    Lin, Y.-H. (1989). Autosegmental treatment of segmental processes in Chinese phonology. Ph D. Dissertation, the University of Texas, Austin.
    Lin, Y-H. (2007). The Sounds of Chinese. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Lindblom, B., & Maddieson, I. (1988). Phonetic universals in consonant systems. Language, speech, and mind, 62-78.
    Lorentz, J. (1974). A deviant phonological system of English. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, 8, 55-64.
    Menn, L. I. S. E. (1976). Pattern, control, and contrast in beginning speech: A case study in the acquisition of word form and function. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois.
    Nooteboom, S. G. (1981). Lexical retrieval from fragments of spoken words: Beginnings vs. endings. Journal of Phonetics, 9(4), 407-424.
    Oller, D.K. (1980). The emergence of the sounds of speech in infancy. In G. Yeni-Komshian, J. Kavanagh, & C. Ferguson (Eds.), Child phonology, Vol. 1: Production (pp. 93–112). New York: Academic Press.
    Olmsted, D. (1971). Out of the mouths of babes. The Hague: Mouton.
    O'Grady, W. D., Archibald, M., & Katamba, F. (2011). Contemporary linguistics: An introduction, 2nd ed. London: Longman.
    Prather, E. M., Hedrick, D. L., & Kern, C. A. (1975). Articulation development in children aged two to four years. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders,40(2), 179-191.
    Poole, I. (1934). Genetic development of articulation of consonant sounds in speech. The Elementary English Review, 159-161.
    Sander, E. K. (1972). When are speech sounds learned?. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 37(1), 55-63.
    Shriberg, L. D., & Kwiatkowski, J. (1982). Phonological disorders I: A diagnostic classification system. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 47, 226–241.
    Smit, A. B., Hand, L., Freilinger, J. J., Bernthal, J. E., & Bird, A. (1990). The Iowa Articulation Norms Project and its Nebraska replication. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 55, 779–798.
    Smith, N. V. (1973). The acquisition of phonology: A case study. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    So, L., & Dodd, B. (1995). The acquisition of phonology by Cantonese-speaking children. Journal of Child Language, 22(03), 473-495. doi: doi:10.1017/S0305000900009922
    Sosa, V. A., & Stoel-Gammon, C. (2012). Lexical and Phonological Effects in Early Word Production. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 55, 596-608.
    Stoel-Gammon, C. (1985). Phonetic inventories: 15–22 months. A longitudinal study. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 28, 506–512.
    Stites, J., Demuth, K., & Kirk, C. (2004). Markedness versus frequency effects in coda acquisition. In Alejna Brugos, Linnea Micciulla, & Christine E. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th annual Boston University conference on language development (pp. 565–576). Sommerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    Stoel-Gammon, C., & Dunn, C. (1985). Normal and disordered phonology in children. Austin, Texas: Pro-Ed.
    Su, A-T. (1985). The acquisition of Mandarin phonology by Taiwanese children. MA. thesis, Fu Jen Catholic University.
    Theodore, R. M., Demuth, K., & Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (2012). Segmental and positional effects on children's coda production: Comparing evidence from perceptual judgments and acoustic analysis. Clinical linguistics & phonetics, 26(9), 755-773.
    Trubetzkoy, N. S. (1939). Grundzüge der Phonologie. Prague: Cercle Linguistique de
    Prague. Translated 1969 as Principles of Phonology by Christine A. M. Baltaxe. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    Vihman, M. M., Macken, M. A., Miller, R., Simmons, H., & Miller, J.. (1985). From Babbling to Speech: A Re-Assessment of the Continuity Issue. Language, 61(2), 397–445.
    Vihman, M. M., & Miller, R. (1986). Words and babble at the threshold of lexical acquisition. In M.D. Smith& J.L. Locke (Eds.), The emergent lexicon: The child's development of a linguistic vocabulary. New York: Academic Press.
    Wan, I. P. (1997). The status of prenuclear glides in Mandarin Chinese: Evidence from speech errors. Chicago Linguistics Society, 33, 417-428.
    Wan, I. P. (1999). Mandarin Phonology: Evidence from Speech Errors. PhD Dissertation, University of New York at Buffalo.
    Wan, I. P. (2003). Alignments of prenuclear glides in Mandarin. Taipei: Crane Publishing.
    Wan, I. P. & J. Jaeger (2003) “The phonological representation of Taiwan Mandarin vowels: A psycholinguistic study,” Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 12, 205-257.
    Wang, H. S., & Chang, C-L. (2001). On the Status of the Prenucleus Glide in Mandarin Chinese. Language and Linguistic, 2(2), 243-260.
    Weiner, F. F. (1981). Systematic sound preference as a characteristic of phonological disability. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 46(3), 281-286.
    Wellman, B. L., Case, I. M., Mengert, I. G., & Bradbury, D. E. (1931). Speech sounds of young children. University of Iowa Studies: Child Welfare.
    Templin, M. (1957). Certain language skills in children: Their development and interrelationships. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Wu, Y. (1994). Mandarin segmental phonology. Ph D. Dissertation, University of Toronto.
    Zhu, H. (2000). Phonological development and disorder of Putonghua (Modern
    Standard Chinese)-speaking children. (PhD thesis), University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
    Zhu, H. (2002). Phonological Development in Specific Contexts: Studies of Chinese-Speaking Children. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
    吳咸蘭 (1999)。構音與音韻障礙的治療,於曾進興主編 語言病理學基礎, 第三卷 心理出版社。
    林寶貴、林美秀 (1993)。學齡前兒童語言障礙評量指導手冊。台北市:國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所編印。
    許洪坤 (1987)。中國兒童學習國語及語法發展階段研究。國家科學委員會研究報告。
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1025550112
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[語言學研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    011201.pdf2748KbAdobe PDF244View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback