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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/99630

    Title: 論開放題與選擇題測量政治知識的適用性
    The Applicability of the Open-Ended and Multiple-Choice Format for the Measurement of Political Knowledge
    Authors: 潘心儀
    Pan, Sin Yi
    Contributors: 蔡宗漢
    Tsai, Tsung han
    Pan, Sin Yi
    Keywords: 政治知識
    Political Knowledge
    Open-Ended Question
    Multiple-Choice Question
    Pretest-Posttest Design
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2016-08-03 10:24:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 政治知識之於民主社會有其重要性,在政治學界中與政治知識相關的研究產出相當豐富,研究者利用政治知識此一變數進行相關研究前,對於題目如何選定、選項如何提供、題型的差異都是研究者需要去關注的重點,而本文主要的研究目的即是聚焦於討論何種題型更適合用來測量民眾的政治知識。
    Political knowledge plays an important role in the democratic society, and therefore there has been much research on political knowledge in the discipline of political science. To study political knowledge, political scientists have to understand the way of questions and options presented, and also the differences between a variety of question formats. This paper aims to analyze which question format is better for measuring the political knowledge of the public.
    The open-ended and multiple-choice items are both common formats for measuring political knowledge in Taiwan. The open-ended question is always considered to underestimate the respondents’ level of political knowledge, while the multiple-choice format is thought of overestimating the levels of political knowledge for providing the respondents with opportunity to guess. However, a strong evidence to decide the most suitable format for the measurement of political knowledge is still lacking.
    This paper uses the secondary data which is collected by a pretest-posttest questionnaire to examine whether guessing behavior will emerge or not when the respondents facing the same question with different formats. This research finds that open-ended questions underestimate the respondents’ knowledge levels who has higher level of political knowledge originally, but the multiple-choice questions can estimate the levels more accurately. To further confirm that the higher guess proportions in the more difficult questions are not resulted from the blind guessing, the study examines the probabilities of options selected by Multinomial Probit Model. The research finds that though the respondents may have guess more in multiple-choice question, however, they tend to answer the questions based on their knowledge instead of blind guessing. Therefore, the respondents who have higher levels of political knowledge can guess correctly, while those who have lower levels of political knowledge cannot. In summary, the multiple-choice questions are more suitable to measure people’s political knowledge.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102252014
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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