本研究目的在使用後設分析策略，以探討本土與新移民子女學習表現差異情 況，而研究者以數個關鍵字就國內資料庫進行檢索後，初步得481篇文獻，經對照 五項納入與排除準則，研究者就59篇文獻進行訊息編碼及後設分析。分析結果顯 示，本土子女整體學習表現較新移民子女來得佳，其學習表現差異平均效果量為 0.38，屬小至中等程度，由於各研究效果量存在異質性，執行調節變項分析後，顯 示部分族群表現差異是來自於樣本所屬地理區域，且此差異隨年齡增長有隨之微幅 下降趨勢。最後，研究者提出數項結論與建議，供決策者與未來研究者參考。 The purpose of this study is to adopt meta-analysis to investigate the academic performance differences between Taiwanese and new immigrant students. After searching the database with several keywords, the authors found totally 481 relevant articles addressing this issue. Based on five inclusion and exclusion rules, 59 articles are coded and meta-analyzed. Overall speaking, the results show that the Taiwanese students perform better than new immigrant students and the average effect size is small to median (d=0.38). Moreover, the rejection of null hypothesis of homogeneity indicated the variability of the effect sizes is larger than expected. Based on the moderator analysis, it is found that the mothers of the low-performed new immigrant students mainly come from south-east countries. However, the academic performance differences between new immigrant and Taiwanese students are declined as the schooling age increased. Conclusions and Suggestions are provided in the end of this study as references for future researchers and decision makers.
教育與心理研究, 36(3),119-149 Journal of Education & Psychology