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    Title: 以四旋翼UAS酬載熱感測器製作數值表面溫度模型供地溫研究
    Generation of digital surface temperature model from images collected by thermal sensor on quadcopter UAS for geothermal study
    Authors: 謝耀震
    Hsieh, Yao-Chen
    Contributors: 邱式鴻
    Chio, Shih-Hong
    謝耀震
    Hsieh, Yao-Chen
    Keywords: 無人機
    熱像
    定位定向
    光束法空三平差
    熱像儀率定
    三焦張量
    Unmanned aircraft system
    Thermal images
    Positioning and orientation
    Bundle adjustment aerial triangulation
    Thermal camera calibration
    Trifocal tensor
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-03-01 17:24:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 熱像儀,能感測可見光感測器無法取得的訊息,因此若能透過熱像儀器進行環境偵測,便能得到一般可見光感測器無法獲取的資料。本研究擬以四旋翼UAS酬載熱像儀得到局部區域高解析度之地面熱資訊以便作為地溫研究之背景資料使用。而一般地溫研究區,不易佈設控制點,因此本研究除於無人機上酬載熱像儀之外,並將搭載Trimble BD970 GNSS OEM接收模組,嘗試以少量地面控制點、以及GNSS動態後處理的方式取得取像時對應的GNSS觀測量輔助熱像定位定向。本研究中針對國立政治大學旁的指南溪實驗區與陽明山國家公園的小油坑實驗區,使用AI-RIDER YJ-1000-HC四旋翼UAS分別酬載熱像儀FLIR Tau 640和巨哥XM6,並且同時搭載Trimble BD970 GNSS OEM接收模組、以及GNSS動態後處理的方式取得取像時對應的GNSS觀測量搭配少量地面控制點輔助熱像定位定向,過程中透過三焦張量剔除自動匹配之誤匹配連結點。實驗結果顯示,兩實驗區所產製之DSM於不易變動區域精度經現有資料檢核均在±1m,而指南溪實驗區產製出地面解析度11公分的數值表面模型(Digital Surface Model, DSM)與正射熱像,且正射熱像平面精度達為47公分;小油坑實驗區產製出地面解析度14公分之DSM與正射熱像,正射熱像平面精度則為67公分,雖然DSM和正射熱像精度無法符合一般常規的測量規範,但成果仍然可以證明熱像直接產製DSM以及正射熱像之可行性,兩實驗區最後皆生成數值溫度表面模型(Digital Surface Temparature Model, DSTM),顯示本研究所提方法之可行性,所生成之成果可供後續地溫研究使用。
    Thermal infrared images show the temperature change of sensed scenes. Therefore, thermal infrared camera can sense some important information that optical digital cameras cannot do for the environment monitoring. In this study, the Quadcopter UAS for thermal image collection applied to geothermal study will be developed. FIIR Tau 640 and Magnity Eletric XM6 thermal infrared sensor will be used in this thermal image collection system separately two test areas, Zhinan River nearby NCCU and Xiaoyoukeng, in the Yangmingshan National Park. Additionally, Trimble BD970 GNSS OEM board will be carried on the Quadcopter UAS to collect dual-frequency GNSS observations for determining the flying trajectory by Post-processed kinematic (PPK) technique to support the positioning and orientating of collected thermal images, and the trifocal tensor will be used to delete wrong matching tie images points. From the tests, the differences between produced DSM and existing DSM data are ± 1 m on uneasy change ground surface in two test areas. The resolution of produced DSM and thermal orthoimages are about 11 cm in Zhinan River, and 14cm in Xiaoyoukeng area. The accuracy of thermal orthoimages is 47cm in Zhinan River and 67cm in Xiaoyoukeng area. The accuracy of thermal orthoimages may not comply with a normal surveying standard, but it proves the possibility of DSM and orthorectifed thermal images generated from thermal images directly. Digital Surface Temparature Model (DSTM) produced in both tests can be used for volcanic geothermal monitoring in the future.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政學系
    103257032
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103257032
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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