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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/109677


    Title: 由環境規劃及風險管理之角度重新檢視環境開發案件中司法之審查密度-以中科四期開發案及元利建設都市更新案為例
    Authors: 傅玲靜
    Contributors: 法律系
    Keywords: 風險評估;風險管理;環境規劃;判斷餘地;利益衡量
    Risk Assessment;Risk Management;Environmental Planning;Margin of Appreciation;Balancing of Interests
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-05-17 15:12:36 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 風險評估與風險管理,涉及行政機關進行環境管理的科技專業及政策決定二部分,前者屬於行政機關之判斷餘地事項,後者則為行政機關綜合各種因素及利益狀況所為之決定,應受到司法權全面的合法性審查。至於土地利用之環境規劃,行政機關對於公共利益所為的預測評估,屬於判斷餘地事項,但最後基於各種利益狀態之評估而作成規劃並進行利益調和,則為利益衡量,並受到司法權對於利益衡量瑕疵所為之合法性審查。因此,對於環評案件及土地利用案件所生的爭議,必須區分風險評估、風險管理及環境規劃的差異,釐清行政機關享有判斷餘地之事項及界限,理解立法者對於行政機關所為之判斷授權「通常並不存在於全部的行政決定,而是僅在於行政決定中的個別事項」,如此司法權始得對於行政機關公權力之行使發揮公法性監督的制衡效果。
    Risk assessment and risk management deal with technical professionals and executive policy decisions in the field of environmental management. The former refers to the margin of appreciation of administrations, and courts should basically respect the technical professional
    judgments of administrations. On the other hand, they should strictly review final individual decisions of administrations according to related factors and interests. As for land use and environmental planning, the assessment of public interests belongs to the margin of appreciation
    of administrations. The executive planning and reconciling of one interest with another should on the other hand be under strict judicial review. Therefore, risk assessment, risk management and
    environmental planning have to been clearly distinguished and the limits of the executive margin of appreciation should be correctly identified in environmental controversies. The margin of appreciation of administrations exists only in individual parts of executive decisions depending on facts and issues, but not in whole decisions. The judiciary should review the executive power in a legal manner.
    Relation: MOST 104-2410-H-004-061
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[法律學系] 國科會研究計畫

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