政大機構典藏-National Chengchi University Institutional Repository(NCCUR):Item 140.119/118618
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 96163/126772 (76%)
造访人次 : 32212638      在线人数 : 337
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 查询小技巧:
  • 您可在西文检索词汇前后加上"双引号",以获取较精准的检索结果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜寻,建议至进阶搜寻限定作者字段,可获得较完整数据
  • 进阶搜寻

    请使用永久网址来引用或连结此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/118618

    题名: 策略領導、競爭行為與廠商績效的關聯
    Strategic Leadership, Competitive Behavior and Firm Performance
    作者: 連婉茜
    Lien, Wan-Chien
    贡献者: 陳明哲
    Chen, Ming-Jer
    Lien, Wan-Chien
    关键词: 動態競爭
    Competitive dynamics
    Upper echelons
    Strategic leadership
    Competition and cooperation
    日期: 2018
    上传时间: 2018-07-12 14:03:15 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 隨著動態競爭理論與高層理論三十多年的蓬勃發展,正好為我們提供一個契機,探討如何將這兩個策略管理領域中相當重要的理論觀點進行整合,以及論述整合時所面對的挑戰。動態競爭理論與高層理論的關鍵交點是「人或者(決策者)」,然而,在動態競爭的文獻中,「人或者(決策者)」的角色卻被明顯的淡化或者忽略。因此,本文回到一個根本的研究問題,「人或者(決策者)」的因素為什麼在競爭策略中相當重要? 在這個研究問題的基礎上,本文針對兩個理論進行詳盡的文獻探討,分別歸納出兩個理論的關鍵理論缺口,包括:人或者(決策者)特質在廠商競爭對抗時時長期被忽略;缺乏一個能夠反應焦點廠商整體競爭輪廓的特質;高階經營團隊對於組織績效的影響不一致,缺乏一個關鍵的中介因子;未將利害關係人的角色納入競爭的考慮範疇等。為了填補這些理論缺口,本文提出一個整合性的理論架構,探討人(CEO/TMT)的特質如何影響競爭策略選擇及組織績效,此外,利害關係人做為情境因素如何干擾決策者的競爭策略。再者,本文提供兩個實證研究,分別說明該整合性理論架構中所提出人(CEO與高階經營團隊成員)的特質如何影響競爭策略選擇以及組織績效。在第一個的實證研究中,本文提出高階經營團隊的策略凝聚力有助於廠商採取主動性的競爭行動與回應,進而影響組織績效。其中,廠商採取主動性的競爭行動與回應為一個中介角色,影響團隊的策略凝聚力與組織績效。然而,當焦點廠商察覺到與競爭對手的合作程度則會干擾該中介效果。在第二個的實證研究中,本文提出CEO的父權領導方式會增強其競爭的膽識,進而影響組織績效。其中,廠商的競爭膽識為一個中介角色,影響CEO的父權領導方式與組織績效。尤其,當焦點廠商察覺到自己與關鍵利害關係人(合作夥伴、上下游廠商、顧客)建立較長期的合作關係時,更會加強該中介效果。本文的核心是企圖將「人」帶回競爭研究中,並且分別對於兩個理論觀點提出的理論貢獻,以及未來研究方向。
    Competitive dynamics and upper echelons perspectives have been prosperous for over thirty years, which presents an auspicious opportunity for us to receive the impact and challenges to bridge and integrate these two perspectives. Given the critical roles of human in the decision-making process of competition, this dissertation addresses a fundamental research question of why human factors (CEO/TMT) matter in the context of interfirm competition. Along this line, this dissertation establishes an integrated framework to unfold the “black box” of how human factors influence interfirm rivalry. By comprehensively reviewing the extant literatures, this dissertation first illustrates the relative lack of how human /decision–maker factors shape a firm’s engagements with its rivals, as well as the scarce considerations of contextual forces from stakeholders. It then demonstrates two empirical essays to examine how CEO / TMT characteristics influence strategic choices related to competition and thus determine firm performance. More specifically, in the first essay, it illustrates how TMT’s strategic cohesion which encompasses cognitive, social, and behavioral integrations among its members influence competitive proactivity and firm performance. The competitive proactivity is a key mediator that can convert TMT strategic cohesion into advantageous performance outcomes, while the mediating effect is weakened when there is high level of rival cooperation. In the second essay, it examines how the paternalistic leadership of a firm’s CEO influences the competitive boldness and firm performance. Competitive boldness is a key mediator that can convert CEO’s paternalistic leadership into advantageous performance outcomes, while the mediating effect is enhanced when there is high level of stakeholders cooperation. This dissertation contributes to the competitive dynamics and upper echelons by bringing human factors back to competition research, advancing our understanding of the influence of executive attributes, namely the multifaceted TMT strategic cohesion and CEO paternalistic leadership, and proposing encompassing constructs of competitive attribute in the sophisticated dynamics of inter-rival and inter-stakeholder relationships in competitive contexts.
    參考文獻: Adler, P. S., & Kwon, S. W. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27(1), 17–40.
    Agle, B. R., Nagarajan, N. J., Sonnenfeld, J. A., & Srinivasan, D. (2006). Does CEO charisma matter? An empirical analysis of the relationships among organizational performance, environmental uncertainty, and top management team perceptions of CEO charisma. Academy of Management Journal, 49, 161–174.
    Aken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: Sage.
    Alexiev, A. S, Jansen, J. J. P, van den Bosch, F. A. J., & Volberda, H. W. (2010). Top management team advice seeking and exploratory innovation: The moderating role of TMT heterogeneity. Journal of Management Studies, 47(7), 1343–1364.
    Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two–step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411–423.
    Andrevski, G., Richard, O. C., Shaw, J. D., & Ferrier, W. J. (2014). Racial diversity and firm performance: The mediating role of competitive intensity. Journal of Management, 40(3), 820–844.
    Ashford, S. J., Sully-De Luque, M., Wellman, N., DeStobblier, K. M., & Wollan, M. (2018). Two roads to effectiveness: CEO feedback seeking, vision articulation and firm performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 39(1), 72–95.
    Ashforth, B. E., & Mael, F. A. (1996). Organizational identity and strategy as a context for the individual. Advances in Strategic Management, 13(1), 19–64.
    Audia, P. G., & Greve, H. R. (2006). Less likely to fail: Low performance, firm size, and factory expansion in the shipbuilding industry. Management Science, 52(1), 83–94.
    Ballinger, G., & Marcel, J. (2010). The use of an interim CEO during succession episodes and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 262–283.
    Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182.
    Barrick, M. R., Bradley, B. H., Kristof-Brown, A. L., & Colbert, A. E. (2007). The moderating role of top management team interdependence: Implications for real teams and working groups. Academy of Management Journal, 50(3), 544–557.
    Barrick, M. R., Thurgood, G. R., Smith, T. A., & Courtright, S. H. (2015). Collective organizational engagement: Linking motivational antecedents, strategic implementation, and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal, 58(1), 111–135.
    Bass, B. M. 1985. Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
    Beal, D. J., Cohen, R. R., Burke, M. J., & McLendon, C. L. (2003). Cohesion and performance in groups: A meta–analytic clarification of construct relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(6), 989–1004.
    Bell, S. T., Villado, A. J., Lukasik, M. A., Belau, L., & Briggs, A. L. (2011). Getting specific about demographic diversity variable and team performance relationships: A meta–analysis. Journal of Management, 37(3), 709–743.
    Belliveau, M. A., O'Reilly, C. A., & Wade, J. B. (1996). Social capital at the top: Effects of social similarity and status on CEO compensation. Academy of Management Journal, 39(6), 1568–1593.
    Berns, K., & Klarner, P. (2007). A review of the CEO succession literature and a future research program. Academy of Management Perspective, 31(2), 83–108.
    Bettis, R., Gambardella, A., Helfat, C., & Mitchell, W. (2014). Editorial: Quantitative empirical analysis in strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 35(7), 949–953.
    Bock, A., Opsahl, T., George, G., & Gann, D. (2012). The effects of culture and structure on strategic flexibility during business model innovation. Journal of Management Studies, 49(2), 279–305.
    Boehm, S. A., Dwertmann, D. J., Bruch, H., & Shamir, B. (2015). The missing link? Investigating organizational identity strength and transformational leadership climate as mechanisms that connect CEO charisma with firm performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 26, 156–171
    Boivie, S., Lange, D., McDonald, M. L., & Westphal, J. D. (2011). Me or we: The effects of CEO organizational identification on agency costs. Academy of Management Journal, 54(3), 551–576.
    Brandenburger, A., & Nalebuff, B. J. (1996). Co–opetition. New York: Currency Doubleday.
    Breevaart, K., & de Vries, R. E. (2017). Supervisor's HEXACO personality traits and subordinate perceptions of abusive supervision. The Leadership quarterly, 28(5), 691–700.
    Briscoe, F., Chin, M. K., & Hambrick, D. C. (2014) CEO ideology as an element of the corporate opportunity structure for social activists. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6), 1786–1809
    Bromiley, P., & Rau, D. (2014). Towards a practice–based view of strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 35(8), 1249–1256
    Bromiley, P., & Rau, D. (2016). Social behavioral and cognitive influences on upper echelons during strategy process: a literature review. Journal of Management, 42(1), 174–202.
    Bunderson, J. S. (2003). Team member functional background and involvement in management teams: direct effects and the moderating role of power centralization. Academy of Management Journal, 46(4), 458–474.
    Bundy, J., Vogel, R., & Zachary, M. (2018). Organization–stakeholder fit: a dynamic theory of cooperation, compromise, and conflict between an organization and its stakeholders. Strategic Management Journal, 39(2), 476–501.
    Buyl, T., Boone, C., & Wade, J. B. (2017). CEO narcissism, risk–taking, and resilience: An empirical analysis in U.S. commercial banks. Journal of Management, in press.
    Calori, R., Johnson, G., & Sarnin, P. (1994). CEOs' cognitive maps and the scope of the organization. Strategic Management Journal, 15, 437–457.
    Cannella Jr, A. A., Park, J.–H., & Lee, H.-U. (2008). Top management team functional background diversity and firm performance: Examining the roles of team member colocation and environmental uncertainty. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 768–784.
    Cao, Q., Simsek, Z., & Jansen, J. J. (2015). CEO social capital and entrepreneurial orientation of the firm: Bonding and bridging effects. Journal of Management, 41(7), 1957–1981.
    Carmeli, A., & Halevi, M. Y. ((2009)). How top management team behavioral integration and behavioral complexity enable organizational ambidexterity: The moderating role of contextual ambidexterity. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 207–218.
    Carmeli, A., & Schaubroeck, J. (2006). Top management team behavioral integration, decision quality, and organizational decline. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(5), 441–453
    Carmeli, A., Schaubroeck, J., & Tishler, A. (2011). How CEO empowering leadership shapes top management team processes: Implications for firm performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 399–411.
    Carmeli, A., Tishler, A., & Edmondson, A. C. (2012). CEO relational leadership and strategic decision quality in top management teams: the role of team trust and learning from failure. Strategic Organization, 10(1), 31–54.
    Carmeli, A., Tishler, A., & Edmondson, A. C. (2012). CEO Relational leadership and strategic decision quality in top management teams: The role of team trust and learning from failure. Strategic Organization, 10(1), 31–56.
    Carpenter, M. A., & Fredrickson, J. W. ((2001)). Top management teams, global strategic posture, and the moderating role of uncertainty. Academy of Management Journal, 44(2), 533–546.
    Carpenter, M. A., Geletkanycz, M. A., & Sanders, W. G. (2004). Upper echelons revisited: Antecedents elements and consequences of top management team composition. Journal of Management, 30(6), 749–778.
    Certo, S. T., Lester, R. H., Dalton, C. M, & Dalton, D. R. (2006). Top management teams strategy and financial performance: A meta–analytic examination. Journal of Management Studies, 43(4), 813–839.
    Chen MJ, & Miller, D. (2015). Reconceptualizing competitive dynamics: A multidimensional framework. Strategic Management Journal, 36(5), 758–775.
    Chen, J., & Nadkarni, S. (2017). It's about time! CEOs' temporal dispositions, temporal leadership, and corporate entrepreneurship. Administrative Science Quarterly, 62(1), 31–66.
    Chen, L., Yang, B., Jing, R. (2015). Paternalistic leadership, team conflict, and TMT decision effectiveness: Interactions in the Chinese context. Management and Organization Review, 11(4), 739–762.
    Chen, M.-J. (2014). Becoming ambicultural: A personal quest and aspiration for organizations. Academy of Management Review, 39(2), 119–137.
    Chen, M.-J., & Hambrick, D. C. (1995). Speed, stealth, and selective attack: How small firms differ from large firms in competitive behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2), 453–482.
    Chen, M.-J., & Miller, D. (2010). West meets East:Towards an ambicultural approach to management. Academy of Management Perspectives, 24(4), 17–24.
    Chen, M.-J., & Miller, D. (2011). The relational perspective as a business mindset: Lessons from East and West. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25(3), 6–18.
    Chen, M.-J., & Miller, D. (2012). Competitive dynamics: themes, trends, and a prospective research platform. Academy of Management Annals, 6(1), 1–89.
    Chen, M.-J., Farh JL, MacMillan IC. (1993). An exploration of the expertness of outside informants. Academy of Management Journal, 36(6): 1614–1632.
    Chen, M.-J., Lin, H. C., & Michel, J. G. (2010). Navigating in a hypercompetitive environment: The roles of action aggressiveness and TMT integration. Strategic Management Journal, 31(13), 1410–1430.
    Chen, M.-J., Lin, H.-C., & Michel, J. G. (2010). Navigating in a hypercompetitive environment: The roles of action aggressiveness and TMT integration. Strategic Management Journal, 31(13), 1410–1430.
    Chen, M.-J., Su, K. S., & Tsai, W. P. (2007). Competitive tension: the awareness–motivation–capability perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 50, 101–118.
    Chen, X. P., & Farh, J. L. (1999). The effectiveness of transactional and transformational leader behaviors in Chinese organizations: evidence from Taiwan. The Annual National Meeting of Academy of Management, Chicago.
    Cheng, B. S., Chou, L. F., & Farh, J. L. (2000). A triad model of paternalistic leadership: its constructs and measurement. Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies 14: 3–64.
    Cheng, B. S., Chou, L. F., Huang, M. P, Farh, J. L., & Peng, S. (2003). A triad model of paternalistic leadership: Evidence from business organizations in Mainland China. Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies, 20, 209–250.
    Cheng, B. S., Chou, L. F., Wu, T. Y., Huang, M. P., & Farh, J. L. (2004). Paternalistic leadership and subordinate responses: Establishing a leadership model in Chinese organizations. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 7, 89–117.
    Cheng, B. S., Shieh, P. Y., & Chou, L. F. (2002). The principal’s leadership, leader–member exchange quality, and the teacher’s extra–role behavior: The effects of transformational and paternalistic leadership. Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies, 17, 105–161.
    Cheung, C. K., & Chan, C. F. (2008). Benefits of Hong Kong Chinese CEOs' Confucian and Daoist leadership styles. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 29(6) , 474–503.
    Child, J. 1972. Organizational structure environment and performance: the role of strategic choice. Sociology, 6(1), 1–22.
    Chin, M. K., Hambrick, D. C., & Trevino, L. K. (2013). Political ideologies of CEOs: The influence of ex– ecutives’ values on corporate social responsibility. Administrative Science Quarterly, 58(2), 197–232.
    Christensen, D. M., Dhaliwal, D. S., Boivie, S., & Graffin, S. D. (2015). Top management conservatism and corporate risk strategies: Evidence from managers. Strategic Management Journal, 36 (12), 1918–1938
    Ciulla, J. B. (1995). Leadership ethics: Mapping the territory. Business Ethics Quarterly, 5(1), 5–28.
    Clark, J. R., Murphy, C., & Singer, S. J. (2014).When do leaders matter? Ownership, governance and the influence of CEOs on firm performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(2), 358–372.
    Clark, J., Murphy, C., & Singer, S. (2014). When Do Leaders Matter? Ownership, Governance and the Influence of CEOs on Firm Performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(2), 358–372.
    Clark, K. D., & Maggitti, P. G. (2012), TMT potency and strategic decision–making in high technology firms. Journal of Management Studies, 49(7), 1168–1193.
    Colbert, A. E., Barrick, M. R., & Bradley, B. H. (2014). Personality and leadership composition in top management teams: Implications for organizational effectiveness. Personnel Psychology, 67(2), 351–387.
    Combe, I. A., & Carrington, D. J. (2015). Leaders' sensemaking under crises: Emerging cognitive consensus over time within management teams. The Leadership Quarterly, 26, 307–322.
    Connelly, B., Tihanyi, L., Certo, S., Hitt, M. (2010). Marching to the beat of different drummers: The influence of institutional owners on competitive actions. Academy of Management Journal, 53(4), 723–742.
    Connelly, S., & Gooty, J. (2015). Leading with emotion an overview of the special issue on leadership and emotions. Leadership Quarterly, 26, 485–488.
    Converse, B. A., & Reinhard, D. A. (2016). On rivalry and goal pursuit: Shared competitive history legacy concerns and strategy selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110(2), 191–213.
    Cooper, D., Patel, P. C., & Thatcher, S. M. B. (2014). It depends: Environmental context and the effects of faultlines on top management team performance. Organization Science, 25, 633–652.
    Cormier, D., Lapointe–Antunes, P., Magnan, M. (2016). CEO power and CEO hubris: A prelude to financial misreporting? Management Decision, 54(2), 522–554.
    Crane, A., Palazzo, G., Spence, L. J., & Matten, D. (2014). Contesting the value of creating shared value. California Management Review, 56(2), 130–149.
    Crossland, C., Zyung, J., Hiller, N.J., & Hambrick, D.C. (2014). CEO career variety: Effects on firm–level strategic and social novelty. Academy of Management Journal, 57(3), 652–74.
    Cummings, T., & Knott, A. M. (2018). Outside CEOs and innovation. Strategic Management Journal, in press.
    D’Aveni, R. A. 1994. Hypercompetition: Managing the dynamics of strategic maneuvering. New York: Free Press.
    Datta, D. K., Guthrie, J. P., & Wright, P. M. 2005. Human resource management and labor productivity: does industry matter? Academy of Management Journal, 48(1), 135–145.
    De Hoogh, A. H., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2008). Ethical and despotic leadership, relationships with leader's social responsibility, top management team effectiveness and subordinates' optimism: A multi–method study. The Leadership Quarterly, 19(3), 297–311.
    De Jong, B. A., & Elfring, T. (2010). How does trust affect the performance of ongoing teams? The mediating role of reflexivity monitoring and effort. Academy of Management Journal, 53(3), 535–549.
    Derfus, P. J., Maggitti, P. G., Grimn, C. M., & Smith, K. G. (2008). The red queen effect: competitive actions and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal, 51(1), 61–80.
    Dutton, J. E., & Jackson, S. E. 1987. Categorizing strategic issues: Links to organizational action. Academy of Management Review, 12(1), 76–90.
    Dyer, J., & Singh, H. 1998. The relational view: Cooperative strategy and sources of interorganizational competitive advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23, 660–679.
    Edmondson, A. C., Roberto, M. A., & Watkins, M. D. (2003). A dynamic model of top management team effectiveness: Managing unstructured task streams. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(3), 297–325.
    Eesley, C. E., Hsu, D. H., & Roberts, E. B. ((2014)). The contingent effects of top management teams on venture performance: Aligning founding team composition with innovation strategy and commercialization environment. Strategic Management Journal, 35(12), 1798–1817.
    Erben, G. S., & Güneser, A. B. (2008). The relationship between paternalistic leadership and organizational commitment: Investigating the role of climate regarding ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 82, 955–96.
    Farh, J. L., & Cheng, B. S. (2000). A cultural analysis of paternalistic leadership in Chinese organizations. In JT Li, AS Tsui, E Weldon (Eds.), Management and organizations in the Chinese context: 84–127. London: Macmillan.
    Farh, J. L., Cheng, B. S., Chou, L. F., & Chu, X. P. (2006). Authority and benevolence: Employees’ responses to paternalistic leadership in China. In AS Tsui, Y Bian, L Cheng (Eds.), China’s domestic private firms: Multidisciplinary perspectives on management and performance: 230–260. New York: Sharpe.
    Ferguson, A. J., Cohen, L., Burton, M. D., & Beckman, C. M. (2016). Misfit and milestones: Structural elaboration and capability reinforcement in the evolution of entrepreneurial top management teams. Academy of Management Journal, 59(4), 1430–1450.
    Ferrier, W. (2001). Navigating the competitive landscape: The drivers and consequences of competitive aggressiveness. Academy of Management Journal 44(4): 858–877.
    Festinger, L., Schachter, S., & Back, K. (1950). Social pressures in informal groups: A study of human factors in housing. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    Finkelstein, S., Hambrick, D. C., & Cannella, A. A. (2008). Strategic leadership: Top executives and their effects on organizations. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Finkelstein, S., Hambrick, D. C., & Cannella, A. A. (2009). Strategic leadership: Theory and research on executives, top management teams and boards. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Fitzsimmons, T. W., Callan, V. J. & Paulsen, N. (2014). Gender disparity in the C–suite: Do male and female CEOs differ in how they reached the top? The Leadership Quarterly, (25), 245–266.
    Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic management: A Stakeholder approach. Boston, MA: Pitman.
    Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J., Wicks, A., Parmar. B., & de Colle, S. (2010). Stakeholder theory. The state of the art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Fried I. (2011). Bill Gates: “I will Miss Steve Immensely.” All Things Digital October 5. http://allthingsd.com/(2011)1005/bill–gates–i–will–miss–steve–immensely/
    Friedman, Y., Carmeli, A., & Tishler, A. (2016). How CEOs and TMTs build adaptive capacity in small entrepreneurial firms. Journal of Management Studies, 53(6), 996–1018.
    Gamache, D. L., McNamara, G., Mannor, M. J., & Johnson, R. E. (2013). Motivated to acquire? The impact of CEO regulatory focus on firm acquisitions. Academy of Management Journal, 58(4), 1261–1282.
    Garg, S., Eisenhardt, K. M. (2017). Unpacking the CEO-board relationship: How strategy making happens in entrepreneurial firms. Academy of Management Journal, 60, 1828–1858.
    Garg, V. K., Walters, B. A., & Priem, R. L. (2003). Chief executive scanning emphases environmental dynamism and manufacturing firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 24(8), 725–744.
    Garg, V. K., Walters, B. A., & Priem, R. L. (2003). Chief executive scanning emphases, environmental dynamism and manufacturing firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 24, 725–744.
    Geletkanycz, M. A., & Boyd, B. K. (2011). CEO outside directorships and firm performance: A reconciliation of agency and embeddedness views. Academy of Management Journal, 54: 335–352
    Georgakakis, D., Greve, P., & Ruigrok, W. (2017) Top management team faultlines and firm performance: examining the CEO–TMT interface. The Leadership Quarterly, 28(6), 741–758.
    Gerstner, W.-C., König, A., Enders, A., & Hambrick, D. C. (2013). CEO narcissism, audience engagement, and organizational adoption of technological discontinuities. Administrative Science Quarterly, 58 (2), 257–291.
    Gimeno, J. (1999). Reciprocal threats in multimarket rivalry: staking out ‘spheres of influence’ in the U.S. airline industry. Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 101–128.
    Gnyawali, D. R., & Madhavan, R. (2001). Cooperative networks and competitive dynamics: a structural embeddedness perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 26, 431–445.
    Gnyawali, D. R., He, J., & Madhavan, R. (2006). Impact of co–opetition on firm competitive behavior: An empirical examination. Journal of Management, 32(4), 507–530.
    Gnyawali, D. R., Madhavan, R., He, J. Y., & Bengtsson, M. (2016). The competition–cooperation paradox in inter–firm relationships: a conceptual framework. Industrial Marketing Management, 53, 7–18.
    Goh B. (2014). UPS FedEx get approval for express services in more Chinese cities. Reuters August 14. http://www.reuters.com/article/us–united–parcel–fedex–china–idUSKBN0GE0JQ(2014)0814
    Goldberg, L. R. 1999. A broad–bandwidth, public domain, personality inventory measuring the lower–level facets of several seven five–factor models. In I Merveilde, I Deary, F De Fruyt, Ostendorf F (Eds.), Personality Psychology in Europe: 7–28. Tilburg University Press: Tilburg, Netherlands.
    Goll, I., & Rasheed, A. A. 2005. The relationships between top management demographic characteristics rational decision making environmental munificence and firm performance. Organization Studies, 26(7) , 999–1023.
    Gomez-Mejia, L. R., Neacsu, I., & Martin, G. (2017). CEO risk-taking and socioemotional wealth: The behavioral agency model, family control, and CEO option wealth. Journal of Management, in press.
    Graffin, S. D., Boivie, S., & Carpenter, M. A. (2013). Examining CEO succession and the role of heuristics in early stage CEO evaluation. Strategic Management Journal, 34(4), 383–403.
    Gulati, R. (1995). Does familiarity breed trust? The implications of repeated ties for contractual choices in alliances. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 85–112.
    Gulati, R. (1999). Network location and learning: the influence of network resources and firm capabilities on alliance formation. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 397–420.
    Gupta, A., & Misangyi, V. F. (2018). Follow the leader (or not): The influence of peer CEOs’ characteristics on interorganizational imitation. Strategic Management Journal, 39(5), 1437–1472.
    Gupta, A., Briscoe, F., & Hambrick, D. C. (2017). Red, blue, and purple firms: Organizational political ideology and corporate social responsibility. Strategic Management Journal, 38(5), 1018–1040.
    Hackman, J. R., & Morris, C. G. (1975). Group tasks, group interaction process, and group performance effectiveness: A review and proposed integration. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 8, 45–99.
    Halevi, M. Y., Carmeli, A., & Brueller, N. N. (2015). Ambi-dexterity in SBUs: TMT behavioral integration and environmental dynamism. Human Resource Management, 54, 223–238.
    Hambrick, D. C. (1981). Environment, strategy, and power within top management teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 26(2), 253–276.
    Hambrick, D. C. (1995). Fragmentation and the other problems CEOs have with their top management teams. California Management Review, 37(3), 110–127.
    Hambrick, D. C. (2007). Upper echelons theory: An update. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), 334–343.
    Hambrick, D. C., & Chen, M.-J. (2008). New academic fields as admittance–seeking social movements: the case of strategic management. Academy of Management Review, 33(1), 32–54.
    Hambrick, D. C., & D’Aveni, R. A. (1992). Top team deterioration as part of the downward spiral of large corporate bankruptcies. Management Science, 38(10), 1445–1466.
    Hambrick, D. C., & Finkelstein, S. (1987). Managerial discretion: a bridge between polar views of organizational outcomes. In BM Staw, LL Cummings (Eds), Research in Organizational Behavior: 369–406. JAI Press: Greenwich.
    Hambrick, D. C., & Mason, P. A. (1984). Upper echelons: The organization as a reflection of its top managers. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 193–206.
    Hambrick, D. C., & Quigley, T. J. (2015). Has the “CEO effect” increased in recent decades? A new explanation for the great rise in America's attention to corporate leaders. Strategic Management Journal, 36(6), 821–830.
    Hambrick, D. C., 1994. Top management groups: A conceptual integration and reconsideration of the "team" label. In BM Staw, LL Cummings (Eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior: 171–214. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
    Hambrick, D. C., Cho, T. S., & Chen, M.-J. (1996). The influence of top management team heterogeneity on firms’ competitive moves. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41(4), 659–684.
    Hambrick, D. C., Humphrey, S. E., & Gupta, A. (2015). Structural interdependence within top management teams: A key moderator of upper echelons predictions. Strategic Management Journal, 36(3), 449–461.
    Hamori, M., & Koyuncu, B. (2015). Experience matters? The impact of prior CEO experience on firm performance. Human Resource Management, 54(1), 23–44.
    Harrison, J. S., Bosse, D. A., Phillips, R. A. 2010. Managing for stakeholders, stakeholder utility functions, and competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 58–74.
    Hayes, A. F. 2013. Introduction to mediation moderation and conditional process analysis: A regression–based approach. New York: The Guilford Press.
    Haynes, K. T., & Hillman, A. (2010). The effect of board capital and CEO power on strategic change. Strategic Management Journal, 31(11), 1145–1163.
    Heavey, C., & Simsek, Z. (2014). Distributed cognition in top management teams and organizational ambidexterity: The influence of transactive memory Systems. Journal of Management, 26, 941–959.
    Heavey, C., & Simsek, Z. (2017). Distributed cognition in top management teams and organizational ambidexterity: The influence of transactive memory systems. Journal of Management, 43(3), 919–945.
    Helfat, C. E., & Peteraf, M. A. (2015). Managerial cognitive capabilities and the microfoundations of dynamic capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 36, 831–850.
    Herrmann, P., & Nadkarni, S. (2014) Managing strategic change: The duality of CEO personality. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 1318–1342.
    Hou, W., Priem, R. L., & Goranova, M. (2017). Does one size fit all? Investigating pay–future performance relationships over the “seasons” of CEO tenure. Journal of management, 43(3), 864–891.
    Hutzschenreuter, T., & Horstkotte, J. (2013). Performance effects of top management team demographic faultlines in the process of product diversification. Strategic Management Journal, 34(6), 704–726.
    Ingram, P., & Yue, L. Q. (2008). Structure affect and identity as bases of organizational competition and cooperation. Academy of Management Annals, 2 (1), 275–303.
    Jackson, S. E., & Schuler, R. S. (1995). Understanding human resource management in the context of organizations and their environments. In M Rosenweig, L Porter, Annual Review of Psychology (Eds): 237–264. Annual Reviews: Palo Alto.
    Jacobson, R. 1992. The “Austrian” school of strategy. Academy of Management Review, 17(4), 782–807.
    Jacquart, P., & Antonakis, J. (2015). When does charisma matter for top–level leaders? Effect of attributional ambiguity. Academy of Management Journal, 58(4), 1051–1074.
    Jensen, M., & Zajac, E. J. (2004). Corporate elites and corporate strategy: How demographic preferences and structural position shape the scope of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 25(6), 507–524.
    Jeong, S. H., & Harrison, D. A. (2017). Glass breaking, strategy making, and value creating: Meta–analytic outcomes of women as CEOs and TMT members. Academy of Management Journal, 60(4), 1219–1252.
    Kaplan, S. (2008). Cognition, capabilities, and incentives: Assessing firm response to the fiber–optic revolution. Academy of Management Journal, 51(4), 672–695.
    Keeves, G., Westphal, J. D., & McDonald, M. (2017). Those closest wield the sharpest knife? How ingratiation leads to resentment and social undermining of the CEO. Administrative Science Quarterly, 62(3), 484–523.
    Kilduff GJ, Elfenbein HA, Staw BM. (2010). The psychology of rivalry: a relationally dependent analysis of competition. Academy of Management Journal, 53(5), 943–969.
    Kish-Gephart, J. J., & Campbell, J. T. (2015). You don't forget your roots: The influence of CEO social class background on strategic risk taking. Academy of Management Journal, 58(6), 1614–1636.
    Krause, R., & Semadeni, M. (2014). Last dance or second chance? Firm performance, CEO career horizon, and the separation of board leadership roles. Strategic Management Journal, 35 (6), 808–825.
    Krause, R., Filatotchev, I. & Bruton, G. (2016). When in Rome, look like caesar? Investigating the link between demand-side cultural power distance and CEO power. Academy of Management Journal, 59(4), 1361–1384.
    Kroll, M., Walters, B. A., & Le, S. A. (2007). The impact of board composition and top management team ownership structure on post–IPO performance in young, entrepreneurial firms. Academy of Management Journal, 50, 1198–1216.
    Kwon, S. W., & Adler, P. S. (2014). Social capital: maturation of a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 39(4), 412–422.
    Laureiro-Martínez, D., & Brusoni, S. (2018). Cognitive flexibility and adaptive decision‐making: Evidence from a laboratory study of expert decision makers. Strategic Management Journal, 39(4), 1031–1058.
    Leana, C. R., & Van Buren III, H. J. (1999). Organizational social capital and employment practices. Academy of Management Review, 24(3), 538–555.
    Lee, J., Hwang, B., & Chen, H. (2017). Are founder CEOs more overconfident than professional CEOs? Evidence from S&P 1500 companies. Strategic Management Journal, 38(3), 751–769.
    LePine, J. A., & Van Dyne, L. (2001). Voice and cooperative behavior as contrasting forms of contextual performance: Evidence of differential relationships with big five personality characteristics and cognitive ability. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(2), 326–336.
    Levine, S. S., Bernard, M., & Nagel, R. (2017). Strategic intelligence: The cognitive capability to anticipate competitor behavior. Strategic Management Journal, 38(12), 2390–2423
    Li, J., & Tang, Y. (2010). CEO hubris and firm risk taking in China: The moderating role of managerial discretion. Academy of Management Journal, 53, 45–68.
    Li, Q., Maggitti, P. G., Smith, K. G., Tesluk, P. E., & Katila, R. (2013). Top management attention to innovation: The role of search selection and intensity in new product introductions. Academy of Management Journal, 56(3), 893–916.
    Liao, H., & Chuang, A. (2007). Transforming service employees and climate: A multi–level multi–source examination of transformational leadership in building long–term service relationships. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(4), 1006–1019.
    Lin, C. S., & Dang, V. T. (2017). Untangling the relationship between strategic consistency and organizational performance: An empirical analysis of moderator variables. Journal of Management & Organization, 16, 265–273.
    Lin, H. C., & Shih, C. T. (2008). How executive SHRM system links to firm performance? The perspectives of upper echelon and competitive dynamics. Journal of Management, 34(5), 853–881.
    Lin, H., & Rababah, N. (2014). CEO–TMT exchange, TMT personality composition, and decision quality: The mediating role of TMT psychological empowerment. The Leadership Quarterly, 25, 943–957.
    Lin, Y., Shi, W., Prescott, J., & Yang, H. (2018). In the eye of the beholder: Firm long–term time orientation, industry context and decision making processes. Journal of management, in press,
    Ling, Y., Simsek, Z., Lubatkin, M. H., & Veiga, J. F. (2008). The impact of transformational CEOs on the performance of small– to medium–sized firms: Does organizational context matter? Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(4), 923–934.
    Ling, Y., Simsek, Z., Lubatkin, M. H., & Veiga, J. F. (2008). Transformational leadership's role in promoting corporate entrepreneurship: Examining the CEO–TMT interface. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 557–576.
    Ling, Y., Wei, L. Q., Klimoski, R., & Wu, L. (2015). Benefiting from CEO's empowerment of TMTs: Does CEO–TMT dissimilarity matter? The Leadership Quarterly, 26(6),1066–1079.
    Liu, F., & Maitlis, S. (2014). Emotional dynamics and strategizing processes: A study of strategic conversations in top team meetings. Journal of Management Studies, 51(2), 202–234.
    Livengood, R., & Reger, R. (2010). That’s our turf! Identity domains and competitive dynamics. Academy of Management Review, 35(1), 48–66.
    Love, E. G., Lim, J., & Bednar, M. K. (2017). The face of the firm: The influence of CEOs on corporate reputation. Academy of Management Journal, 60(4), 1462–1481.
    Luo, X., Kanuri, V. K., & Andrews, M. (2014). How does CEO tenure matter? The mediating role of firm‐employee and firm‐customer relationships? Strategic Management Journal, 35 (4), 492–511.
    Luo, Y. (2003). Industrial dynamics and managerial networking in an emerging market: the case of China. Strategic Management Journal, 24(13), 1315–1327.
    MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., & Williams, J. (2004). Confidence limits for the indirect effect: Distribution of the product and resampling methods. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 39(1), 99–128.
    Malhotra, S., Reus, T. H., Zhu, P., & Roelofsen, E. M. The acquisitive nature of extraverted CEOs. Administrative Science Quarterly, 63(2), 370–408.
    Mannor, M. J., Wowak, A. J., Bartkus, V. O., & Gomez-Mejia, L. R. (2016). Heavy lies the crown? How job anxiety affects top executive decision making in gain and loss contexts. Strategic Management Journal, 37, 1968–1989.
    Marcel, J. J. (2009). Why top management team characteristics matter when employing a chief operating officer: A strategic contingency perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 30(6), 647–658.
    Marcel, J. J., Barr, P. S., & Duhaime, I. M. (2011). The influence of executive cognition on competitive dynamics. Strategic Management Journal, 2(2), 115–138.
    Markman, G., Gianiodis, P., & Buchholtz, A. (2009). Factor–market rivalry. Academy of Management Review, 34: 423–441.
    Marks, M. A., Mathieu, J. E., & Zaccaro, S. J. (2001). A temporally based framework and taxonomy of team processes. Academy of Management Review, 26(3), 356–376.
    Mathieu, J. E., Kukenberger, M. R., D’Innocenzo, L., & Reilly, G. (2015). Modeling reciprocal team cohesion–performance relationships as impacted by shared leadership and members’ competence. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100(3), 713–734.
    McDonald, M. L., Keeves, G. D., & Westphal, J. D. (2018). One step forward, one step back: White male top manager organizational identification and helping behavior toward other executives following the appointment of a female or racial minority CEO. Academy of Management Journal, 61(2), 405–439.
    McDonald, M., & Westphal, J. D. (2011). My brother's keeper: CEO identification, with the corporate elite, social support among CEOs and leader effectiveness. Academy of Management Journal, 54(4), 661–693.
    McEvily, B., Soda, G., & Tortoriello, M. (2014). More formally: Rediscovering the missing link between formal organization and informal social structure. Academy of Management Annals, 8(1), 299–345.
    Menz, M. (2012). Functional top management team members: A review synthesis and research agenda. Journal of Management, 38(1), 45–80.
    Miller, D., & Chen, M.-J. (1994). Sources and consequences of competitive inertia: A study of the U.S. airline industry. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39(1), 1–23.
    Miller, D., & Friesen, P. H. (1983). Strategy-making and environment: The third link. Strategic Management Journal, 4(3), 221–235.
    Miller, D., & Le Breton-Miller, I. (2005). Managing for the long run: Lessons in competitive advantage from great family businesses. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
    Miller, D., Le Breton-Miller, I., Minichilli, A., Corbetta, G., & Pittino, D. (2014). When do non-family CEOs outperform in family firms? Agency and behavioural agency perspectives. Journal of Management Studies, 51(4), 547–572.
    Mitchell, J. R. Shepherd, D. A., & Sharfman, M. P. (2011). Erratic strategic decision: When and why managers are inconsistent in strategic decision making. Strategic Management Journal, 32, 683–704.
    Montgomery, C. A. (2008). Putting leadership back into strategy. Harvard Business Review, 86(1), 54–60.
    Muller, D., Judd, C. M., & Yzerbyt, V. Y. (2005). When moderation is mediated and mediation is moderated. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(1), 852–863.
    Mussweiler, T., Ruter, K., & Epstude, K. (2004). The ups and downs of social comparison: Mechanisms of assimilation and contrast. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(6), 832–844.
    Nadkarni, S., & Barr, P. S. (2008). Environmental context, managerial cognition, and strategic action: An integrated view. Strategic Management Journal, 29(13), 1395–1427.
    Nadkarni, S., & Chen, J. H. (2014). Bridging yesterday today and tomorrow: CEO temporal focus environmental dynamism and rate of new product introduction. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6), 1810–1833.
    Nadkarni, S., Chen, T., & Chen, J. H. (2016). The clock is ticking! Executive temporal depth industry velocity and competitive aggressiveness. Strategic Management Journal, 37(6), 1132–1153.
    Nadolska, A., & Barkema, H. G. (2014). Good learners: How top management teams affect the success and frequency of acquisitions. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 1483–507.
    Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23(2), 242–266.
    Ndofor, H. A., Sirmon, D. G., & He, X. (2015). Utilizing the firm's resources: how TMT heterogeneity and resulting faultlines affect TMT tasks. Strategic Management Journal, 36(11), 1656–1674.
    Ng, T. W. (2017). Transformational leadership and performance outcomes: analyses of multiple mediation pathways. The Leadership Quarterly, 28, 385–417.
    Nielsen, B. B., & Nielsen, S. (2013). Top management team nationality diversity and firm performance: A multilevel study. Strategic Management Journal, 34(3), 373–382.
    Nübold, A., Muck, P. M., & Maier, G. W. (2013). A new substitute for leadership? Followers' state core self–evaluations. Leadership Quarterly, 24(1), 29–44.
    O’Connell, V. (2000). Christie’s, Sotheby’s agree to pay $512 million collusion settlement. Wall Street Journal September 25. http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB969829620926708015
    Oh, H., Labianca, G., & Chung, M. H. (2006). A multilevel model of group social capital. Academy of Management Review, 31(3), 569–582.
    Opper, S., Nee, V., & Holm, H. (2017). Risk aversion and guanxi activities: A behavioral analysis of CEOs in China. Academy of Management Journal, 60(4), 1504–1530.
    Ou, A. Y., Seo, J., Choi, D, & Hom, P. W. (2017). When can humble top executives retain middle managers? The moderating role of top management team faultlines. Academy of Management Journal, 60(5), 1915–1931.
    Ou, A. Y., Tsui, A. S., Kinicki, A. J., Waldman, D. A., Xiao, Z. X., & Song, L. J. (2014). Humble chief executive officers' connections to top management team integration and middle managers' responses. Administrative Science Quarterly, 59(1), 34–72.
    Ou, A. Y., Waldman, D. A., & Peterson, S. J. (2015), Do humble CEOs matter? An examination of CEO humility and firm outcomes. Journal of Management, 44(3), 1147–1173
    Patel, P. C., & Cooper, D. (2014). Structural power equality between family and nonfamily TMT members and the performance of family firms. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6), 1624–1649.
    Pathak, S., Hoskisson, R. E., & Johnson, R. A. (2014). Settling up in CEO compensation: The impact of divestiture intensity and contextual factors in refocusing firms. Strategic Management Journal, 35(8), 1124–1143.
    Pearce, C. L., & Ensley, M. D. (2004). A reciprocal and longitudinal investigation of the innovation process: the central role of shared vision in product and process innovation teams (PPITs). Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(2), 259–278.
    Pearce, C. L., Manz, C. C., & Sims jr, H. P. (2008). The roles of vertical and shared leadership in the enactment of executive corruption: Implications for research and practice. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 353–359.
    Pellegrini, E. K., Scandura, T. A. (2006). Leader–member exchange (LMX), paternalism and délégation in the Turkish business culture: an empirical investigation. Journal of International Business Studies, 37, 264–279.
    Pellegrini, E. K., Scandura, T. A. (2008). Paternalistic leadership: A review and agenda for future research. Journal of Management, 34, 566–593.
    Pellegrini, E. K., Scandura, T. A., Jayaraman, V. (2010). Cross-cultural generalizability of paternalistic leadership: An expansion of leader–member exchange theory (LMX). Group and Organization Management 35: 391–420.
    Peteraf, M. A., & Bergen, M. E. (2003). Scanning dynamic competitive landscapes: A market–based and resource‐based framework. Strategic management Journal, 24(10), 1027–1041.
    Petrenko, O.V., Aime, F., Ridge, J., & Hill, A. (2016) Corporate social responsibility or CEO narcissism? CSR motivations and organizational performance. Strategic Management Journal, 37(2), 262–279.
    Peus, C., Braun, S., & Knipfer, K. (2015). On becoming a leader in Asia and America: Empirical evidence from women managers. The Leadership Quarterly, 26(1), 55–67.
    Pillemer, J., Graham, E. R., & Burke, D. M. (2014) The face says it all: CEOs, gender, and predicting corporate performance The Leadership Quarterly, 25, 855–864
    Pitcher, P., & Smith, A. D. (2001). Top management team heterogeneity: Personality, power, and proxies. Organization Science, 12, 1–18.
    Plambeck, N., & Weber., K. (2010). When the glass is half full and half empty: CEOs' ambivalent interpretations of strategic issues. Strategic Management Journal, 31(7), 689–710.
    Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2012). Sources of method bias in social science research and recommendations on how to control it. Annual Review of Psychology, 63(1), 539–569.
    Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in organizational research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879–903.
    Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40(3), 879–891.
    Pryor, C., Holmes, R. M., Webb, J. W., & Liguori, E. W. (2017). Top executive goal orientations’ effects on environmental scanning and performance: Differences between founders and nonfounders. Journal of Management, in press.
    Qian, C., Cao, Q., & Takeuchi, R. (2013). Top management team functional diversity and organizational innovation in China: The moderating effects of environment. Strategic Management Journal, 34(1), 110–120.
    Raes, A. M. L., Bruch, H., & De Jong, S. B. (2013). How top management team behavioural integration can impact employee work outcomes: Theory development and first empirical tests. Human Relations, 66(2), 167–192.
    Reger, R., & Huff, A. (1993). Strategic groups: a cognitive perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 14(2), 103–24.
    Reina, C. S., Zhang, Z., & Peterson, S. J. (2014). CEO grandiose narcissism and firm performance: The role of organizational identification. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(5), 958–971.
    Sambamurthy V, Bharadwaj A, Grover V. (2003). Shaping agility through digital options: reconceptualizing the role of information technology in contemporary firms. MIS Quarterly 27(2): 237–263.
    Schaubroeck J, Lam SSK, Peng AC. (2011). Cognition–based and affect–based trust as mediators of leader behavior influences on team performance. Journal of Applied Psychology 96(4): 863–871.
    Schaubroeck JM, Shen Y, Chong S. (2017). A dual–stage moderated mediation model linking authoritarian leadership to follower outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology 102(2): 203–214.
    Schepker, D. J., Kim, Y., Patel, P., Campion, M., & Thatcher, S. M. B. (2017). CEO succession, strategic change, and post–succession performance: A meta–analysis. The Leadership Quarterly, 28, 701–720.
    Schnatterly, K., Gangloff, K. A., & Tuschke, A. (2018). CEO wrongdoing: A review of pressure, opportunity, and rationalization. Journal of Management, 44(6), 2405–2432.
    Shepherd, D. A., Mcmullen, J. S., & Ocasio, W. (2017). Is that an opportunity? An attention model of top managers' opportunity beliefs for strategic action. Strategic Management Journal, 38(3), 626–644.
    Simons, T. L., & Peterson, R. S. (2000). Task conflict and relationship conflict in top management teams: The pivotal role of intragroup trust. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(1), 102–111.
    Simsek, Z., Heavey, C., & Veiga, J. (2009). The Impact of CEO core self–evaluations on entrepreneurial orientation. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 110–119.
    Simsek, Z., Heavey, C., Fox, B. C. (2018). Interfaces of strategic leaders: a conceptual framework, review, and research agenda. Journal of Management, 44(1), 280–324.
    Simsek, Z., Veiga, J. F., Lubatkin, M. H., & Dino, R. N. 2005. Modeling the multilevel determinants of top management team behavioral integration. Academy of Management Journal, 48(1): 69–84.
    Sirén, C., Patel, P. C., & Wincent, J. (2016). How do harmonious passion and obsessive passion moderate the influence of a CEO's change–oriented leadership on company performance? The Leadership Quarterly, 27(4), 653–670.
    Smith, K. G., Ferrier, W. J., & Ndofor, H. (2001). Competitive dynamics research: critique and future directions. In Hitt M, Freeman RE, Harrison J (Eds), Handbook of Strategic Management: 315–361. Blackwell Publishers: London, U.K.
    Smith, K. G., Smith, K. A., O’Bannon, D. P., Olian, J. D., Sims, H. P., & Scully, J. (1994). Top management team demography and process: The role of social integration and communication. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39(3), 412–438.
    Smith, M. B., Hill, A., Wallace, J. C., Recendes, T., & Judge, T. A. (2018). Upside to dark and downside to bright personality: A multidomain review and future research agenda. Journal of Management, 44(1), 191–217.
    Souitaris, V. & Maestro, B. M. M. (2010). Polychronicity in top management teams: The impact on strategic decision processes and performance of new technology ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 31(6), 652–678.
    Spisak, B. R., Grabo, A. E., Arvey, R. D., & van Vugt, M. (2014). The age of exploration and exploitation: Younger–looking leaders endorsed for change and older–looking leaders endorsed for stability. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(5), 805–816.
    Stogdill, R. M. (1948). Personal factors associated with leadership: A survey of the literature. Journal of Psychology, 25(1), 35–71.
    Stoker, J. I., Grutterink, H., & Kolk, N. J. (2012). Do transformational CEOs always make the difference? The Role of TMT feedback seeking behavior. The Leadership Quarterly, 23(3), 582–592.
    Subramaniam, M., & Youndt, M. A. 2005. The influence of intellectual capital on the types of innovative capabilities. Academy of Management Journal, 48(3), 450–463.
    Sundaramurthy, C., Pukthuanthong, K., & Kor, Y. (2014). Positive and negative synergies between the CEO's and the corporate board's human and social capital: A study of biotechnology firms. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 845–868.
    Tang, C., & Naumann, S. E. (2015). Paternalistic leadership, subordinate perceived leader–member exchange and organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Management & Organization, 21(3), 291–306.
    Tang, Q., & Sanchez, J. I. (2017). Does paternalistic leadership promote innovative behavior? The interaction between authoritarianism and benevolence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47(9), 515–527.
    Tang, Y., Qian, C., Chen, G., & Shen, R. (2015). How CEO hubris affects corporate social (ir)responsibility. Strategic Management Journal, 36, 1338–1357.
    Tsai, W. (2002). Social structure of coopetition within a multiunit organization: Coordination competition and intra–organizational knowledge sharing. Strategic Management Journal, 33(2), 115–136.
    Tsai, W., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41(4), 464–477.
    Tsai, W., Su, K. H., & Chen, M. J. (2011). Seeing through the eyes of a rival: Competitor acumen based on rival–centric perceptions. Academy of Management Journal, 54(4), 761–778.
    Tsui, A. S., Zhang, Z. X., Wang, H., Xin, K. R., & Wu, J. B. (2006). Unpacking the relationship between CEO leadership behavior and organizational culture. The Leadership Quarterly, 17, 113–137.
    Vieregger, C., Larson, E. C., & Anderson, P. C. (2017). Top management team structure and resource reallocation within the multibusiness firm. Journal of Management, 43(8), 2497–2525.
    Vissa B, Chacar AS. (2009). Leveraging ties: the contingent value of entrepreneurial teams' external advice networks on indian software venture performance. Strategic Management Journal 30(11): 1179–1191.
    von Hippel, E. (1987). Cooperation between rivals: informal know–how trading. Research Policy 16(6): 291–302.
    Waldman, D. A., Javidan, M., & Varella, P. (2004). Charismatic leadership at the strategic level: a new application of upper echelons theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(3), 355–380.
    Waldman, D. A., Ramirez, G. G., House, R. J., & Puranam, P. (2001). Does leadership matter? CEO leadership attributes and profitability under conditions of perceived environmental uncertainty. Academy of Management Journal, 44(1), 134–143.
    Wang, A. C., & Cheng, B. S. (2010). When does benevolent leadership lead to creativity? The moderating role of creative role identity and job autonomy. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31, 106–121.
    Wang, H., Tsui, A. S., & Xin, K. R. (2011). CEO leadership behaviors, organizational performance, and employees' attitudes. The Leadership Quarterly 22(1): 92–105.
    Wangrow, D. B., Schepker, D. J., & Barker, V. L. (2015). Managerial discretion: an empirical review and focus on future research directions. Journal of Management, 41(1), 99–135.
    Washburn, M., & Bromiley, P. (2014). Managers and analysts: an examination of mutual influence. Academy of Management Journal, 57(3), 849–868.
    Webber, S. S., & Donahue, L. M. (2001). Impact of highly and less job–related diversity on work group cohesion and performance: a meta–analysis. Journal of Management, 27(2), 141–162.
    Wei, L. Q., & Wu, L. (2013). What a diverse top management team means: Testing an integrated model. Journal of Management Studies, 50(3), 389–412.
    Westphal, J. D., Park, S. H., McDonald, M., & Hayward, M. L. A. (2012). Helping other CEOs avoid bad press: Social exchange and impression management support among CEOs in communications with journalists. Administrative Science Quarterly, 57(2), 217–268.
    Westwood, R. (1997). Harmony and patriarchy: the cultural basis for “paternalistic headship” among the overseas Chinese. Organization Studies, 18, 445–480.
    Wiersema, M. F., & Zhang, Y. (2013). Executive turnover in the stock option backdating wave: the impact of social context. Strategic Management Journal, 34(5), 590–609.
    Wong, E., Ormiston, M., & Tetlock, P. (2011). The effects of top management team integrative complexity and decentralized decision making on corporate social performance. Academy of Management Journal, 54(6), 1207–1228.
    World Economic Forum. (2016). September 28. The global competitiveness report (2016)–(2017). http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR(2016)–(2017)/05FullReport/ TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport(2016)–(2017)_FINAL.pdf
    Wowak, A. J., Hambrick, D. C., & Henderson, A. D. (2011). Do CEOs encounter within–tenure settling up? A multiperiod perspective on executive pay and dismissal. Academy of Management Journal, 54, 719–739.
    Wowak, A. J., Mannor, M. J., Arrfelt, M., & McNamara, G. (2016). Earthquake or glacier? How CEO charisma manifests in firm strategy over time. Strategic Management Journal, 36(3), 586–603.
    Wowak, A., Mannor, M. J., Arrfelt, M., McNamara, G. M. (2016). Earthquake or glacier? How CEO charisma manifests in firm strategy over Time. Strategic Management Journal, 37(3), 586–603.
    Wu, S., Levitas, E., & Priem, R. L. (2005). CEO Tenure and company invention under differing levels of technological dynamics. Academy of Management Journal, 48, 859–873.
    Wu, T. Y., Hsu, W. L., & Cheng, B. S. (2002). Expressing or suppressing anger: subordinate’s anger responses to supervisors’ authoritarian behaviors in a Taiwan enterprise. Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies, 18, 3–49.
    Yang, L., & Wang, D., (2014). The impacts of top management team characteristics on entrepreneurial strategic orientation: The moderating effects of industrial environment and corporate ownership. Management Decision, 52(2), 378–409.
    Yu, F. (2008). Analyst coverage and earnings management. Journal of Financial Economics, 88(2), 245–271.
    Yu, T., & Cannella, A. A. (2007). Rivalry between multinational enterprises: An event history approach. Academy of Management Journal, 50(3), 665–686.
    Yu, T., & Glynn, M. A. (2015). Competitive memory: bringing the strategic past to the present. Advances in Strategic Management, 32, 303–330.
    Zaccaro, S. J., Rittman, A. L., & Marks, M. A. (2001). Team leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 12(4), 451–483.
    Zahra, S. A. (2010). Harvesting family firms’ organizational social capital: a relational perspective. Journal of Management Studies, 47(2), 345–366.
    Zeni, T., Buckley, R., Mumford, M., & Griffith, J. (2016). Making sense of ethical decision making. The Leadership Quarterly, 27, 835–855.
    Zhang, H. Y., Ou, A. Y., Tsui, A. S., & Wang, H. (2017). CEO humility, narcissism and firm innovation: A paradox perspective on CEO traits. The Leadership Quarterly, 10, 181-217.
    Zhang, Y., & Rajagopalan N. (2010). Once an outsider, always an outsider? CEO origin, strategic change and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 334– 346.
    Zhang, Y., & Rajagopalan, N. (2010). Once an outsider, always an outsider? CEO origin, strategic change and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 334–346.
    Zhang, Y., Huai, M., & Xie, Y. H. (2015) Paternalistic leadership and employee voice in China: A dual process model. The Leadership Quarterly, 26(1), 25–36.
    Zhang, Y., Waldman, D. A., Han, Y. L., & Li, X. B. (2015). Paradoxical leader behaviors in people management: Antecedents and consequences. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2), 538–566.
    Zhu, D. H., & Chen, G. L. (2015). CEO narcissism and the impact of prior board experience on corporate strategy. Administrative Science Quarterly, 60, 31–65.
    Zhu, D. H., &Westphal, J. D. (2014). How directors’ prior experience with other demographically similar CEOs affects their selection onto corporate boards and the consequences for CEO compensation. Academy of Management Journal, 57(3), 791–813.
    描述: 博士
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0993595022
    数据类型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/DIS.NCCU.TIIPM.002.2018.F08
    显示于类别:[科技管理與智慧財產研究所] 學位論文


    档案 大小格式浏览次数
    502201.pdf2291KbAdobe PDF0检视/开启


    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回馈