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    Title: 室內球形全景影像定位定向之研究
    A Study of Orientation Determination for Indoor Spherical Panoramic Images
    Authors: 曾郁婷
    Tseng, Yu-Ting
    Contributors: 邱式鴻
    Chio, Shih-Hong
    曾郁婷
    Tseng, Yu-Ting
    Keywords: 三維城市模型
    球形全景影像
    室內模型
    光束法平差
    Digital city model
    Spherical panoramic image
    LOD4 model reconstruction
    Bundle adjustment
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-08-27 14:55:37 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著數位三維城市模型的興起,房屋內部結構逐漸受到重視,而球形全景影像(Spherical Panoramic Image, SPI)擁有水平360度與垂直180度的拍攝視角,相較於一般近景影像,可減少拍攝影像數量,降低作業成本,適合作為室內模型建置的資料來源。為重建室內模型,須先以光束法平差完成影像方位求解,然市面上的球形全景影像,並沒有公開球半徑等資訊、且無從獲得拼接前原始影像。
    本研究基於像點、球心及物點之攝影測量共線條件,提出以上述球形全景影像之定位定向流程、平差解算及精度評估方法論,結合影像匹配演算法提高自動化程度,並藉由像點變形改正模式改善系統誤差。經理論及實驗顯示,本研究可使用少量球形全景影像定位定向並建構室內模型,其成果精度符合CityGML(City Geographic Markup Language)所定義的LOD4室內模型的規範。
    The process of capturing and modeling indoor buildings has gained increased focus in recent years with the rise of the Digital City Model. As Spherical Panoramic Images (SPIs) have a 360-degree coverage in horizontal direction and a large vertical field of view, the whole scene can be covered by few panoramic images. It is therefore different from traditional central perspective images that need to cover the whole scene with many more images. Therefore, SPI has been considered more popular in recent years. This study will use this advantage of SPIs and use them as the data source of the fourth levels of detail (LOD4) model reconstruction in order to reduce the costs and increase shooting efficiency. However, before using SPIs to reconstruct the indoor model, bundle adjustment should be implemented in order to orient these SPIs. Camera parameters of the consumer SPIs are confidentiality. Moreover, original images stitching become SPIs are unable to acquisition. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop the work flow and the mathematical model for orientation determination of consumer SPIs. Improving the automation by image matching algorithms and the accuracy by correcting SPIs distortion in the process of orientation determination. The experiments show that following the work flow can obtain an acceptable accuracy for the orientation determination of SPIs.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政學系
    105257005
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105257005
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.LE.020.2018.A05
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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