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Possibilities of Peaceful Reunification for Two Koreas: agreement versus by-laws differentiates on unification process
|Keywords: ||Peaceful Unification,|
|Issue Date: ||2019-02-12 15:56:26 (UTC+8)|
In the Inter-Korean summit, President Moon said, “We will not pursue absorption unification and will not pursue artificial reunification.” However, our Constitution states that “national reunification” is our mission. There are three ways for Korea to pursue unification. The first is peaceful reunification by agreement between the two Koreas. The second is the way in which South Korea absorbs the North when it collapses. The third is a plan to fight back and unify by force when North Korea invades to South.
Fortunately, we can learn from three countries, including Germany, Vietnam and Yemen, who have recently achieved unification. Germany was unified by consensus as the East Germany collapsed, Vietnam was reunified by war, Yemen first achieved equal unification by consensus, and eventually unified by war.
First, we need to maximize the commonalities that exist between the “Unification Plan of the Korean Community” and the “Unification Plan of the Koryo Confederation” in seeking out a realistic unification plan. Today, the Republic of Korea and North Korea are well aware of the similarities and differences in their unification policies. In other words, the Republic of Korea’s “Unification Plan for the Korean Community” and North Korea’s “Unification Plan of the Koryo Confederation” have a considerable number of points in common. The Republic of Korea and North Korea should maximize the common points of their two unification plans and minimize the differences to find a common denominator. In this vein, the Republic of Korea and North Korea should work together to find consensus and neutralize the differences between the two plans for unification through development of a third compromise plan, rather than giving up their independent claims. The first normalization to be accomplished in this endeavor is the ideological value of nationalism and the second normalization is a consensus on the real value of peaceful settlement. The Republic of Korea and North Korea should collect all wisdom through all means possible in an effort to eliminate differences between their two unification schemes.
Second, a draft constitution of unification of the two Koreas should be prepared. In the preparation of this draft, decision-makers should synthesize the expert opinions from various groups and experts as well gather the opinions of the general public. From a national point of view, the two Koreas should carefully examine the unification constitution concept.
The lessons learned from these cases are the following five. 1. Unification should be pursued peacefully but thoroughly prepared. 2. We must maintain friendly relations with neighboring countries based on strong security. 3. Socio-cultural heterogeneity should be minimized by promoting inter-Korean cooperation. 4. Support economic development of North Korea and reduce the economic gap between North and South. 5. Ensure the honorable retreat of North Korean leadership.
It is clear that the national task and ultimate goal facing the Korean nation today is unification, and not the legalization of a bifurcated state. Therefore, Korean authorities should confer with all countries seeking to ensure peace on the Korean peninsula, and take into consideration both external and domestic circumstances concerning all matters to do with the “peace” and “unification” of the Korean peninsula. The people of Korea cannot allow unlimited outside influence for peace, and cannot sacrifice the ideal of unification, nor can they allow peace to be achieved by unification. Wisdom and a base of people committed to harmonious peace and unification are desperately needed at this juncture more than ever.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0972655101|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文|
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