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    Title: 在「家鄉」的「異鄉人」:馬來西亞臺商與臺幹子女的「回流」遷移經驗與自我認同
    “Away” at “Home”: The “Returnee” Experience and Self Identity of Children of Taiwanese Entrepreneurs and Expatriates in Malaysia
    Authors: 潘宣
    Pan, Shiuan (Christine)
    Contributors: 馬藹萱
    Ma, Ai-Hsuan Sandra
    Pan, Shiuan (Christine)
    Keywords: 回流遷移
    Return migration
    Third Culture Kids
    Children of Taiwanese entrepreneurs and expatriates
    Migrant children
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-03-02 11:25:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在全球化蓬勃發展的影響之下,人類遷移的模式、頻率、路徑、動機,以及參與者類別等越發多元且複雜,除了擴充現有的遷移分類之外,也挑戰了現今社會脈絡中,人們對於「家」、「根源」、「歸屬」,以及認同本身的理解。臺灣在全球區域經濟發展的影響之下,有大量的臺商與臺幹家庭遷居馬來西亞等東南亞國家,臺商與臺幹子女便在一個或一個以上的「異鄉」成長,成為第三文化孩童。部分臺商與臺幹子女為了求學或求職,在成年之後「返回」臺灣長期居住,成為自己「家鄉」裡的隱藏性移民。「回流」遷移所帶來的「反向」文化震撼以及「母」國社會對他們的定位引起他們對原先的自我認同與定位的困惑與反思。本研究以滾雪球抽樣為主要抽樣策略,採用半結構式個人深度訪談法以及參與觀察法在馬來西亞及臺灣蒐集資料。資料分析顯示,馬來西亞臺商與臺幹子女的遷移經驗與典型的移民子女與第三文化孩童有所不同。他們的經歷有許多特殊性,包含成長於馬來西亞的臺灣飛地社群,以及透過海外聯招考試升學而被賦予了「僑生」身分。然而,他們也與典型的第三文化孩童相同,在「回流」遷移之後必須與「母」國社會協商其社會定位,在社會互動中運用矇混通關等技巧調和自我意識。本研究也發現,馬來西亞臺商與臺幹子女展現了流動的認同以及多元的「家」的想像。本研究藉由描繪馬來西亞臺商與臺幹子女跨國跨文化遷移的經歷、「返回」臺灣的社會適應過程,以及整體遷移經驗的心理歷程,分析遷移如何影響個人認同的形塑,並藉以瞭解認同在現今高度流動性的全球社會中有何不同於傳統的含意與理解,並進而勾勒出臺灣的第三文化孩童在全球人類遷移圖像中的特殊位置。
    With the rapid growth of globalization come the diversifying and complexing patterns, frequencies, trajectories, motivations, and participants of human migration. This has not only contributed to an expansion of migration categories, but also challenges our notions of “home,” “roots,” “place of belonging,” as well as the concept of identity itself. One aspect of the increasing globalization of the world economy is the development of regional economies, which led to the migration of Taiwanese entrepreneurs and corporate staff to Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia since the 1980s, many of whom brought their families with them. The children of these Taiwanese entrepreneurs and corporate staff then grow up in one or more “foreign” countries, becoming “third culture kids.” Some of them “return” to Taiwan as adults for tertiary education or employment, becoming hidden immigrants in their own “homeland.” The “reverse” cultural shock they experience upon “return” migration and the social placing by their “home” society generate confusion as well as invoke reflection about their original conception of their self identity and sense of self.
    This study conducted semi-structured in-depth interviewing and participant observation in Malaysia and Taiwan to collect data. It found that like typical third culture kids, the children of Taiwanese entrepreneurs and expatriates who grew up in Malaysia also experienced “reverse” cultural shock upon “return” migration to Taiwan and faced the need to employ passing strategies in order to negotiate social placing and identity. However, their migratory journey also manifest some differences from that of most typical migrant children and third culture kids. These Taiwanese children grew up in an enclave-like environment where their social networks were composed of mainly other Taiwanese; upon “return” migration, they were also labelled “overseas Chinese,” which added to the complexity of the adaptation and negotiation process. The results of t this study illustrates the cross-cultural migration trajectory of the children of Taiwanese entrepreneurs and corporate staff who grew up in Malaysia, taking into account the process of social adaptation after “return” migration and the psychological experience of their migratory life. Through an analysis of the influences of migration on the formation of one’s identity, this study not only provides an understanding of the connotations of identity beyond its traditional classifications in the context of the highly mobile global society of this age, but also shed light on the unique place of Taiwan’s third culture kids on the global map of human migration.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105254003
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000320
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Sociology] Theses

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