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    Title: 語言分析方法於兒童被害人刑事證詞之應用
    Authors: 陳瑋絃
    Chen, Wei-Hsien
    Contributors: 何賴傑
    Her, Lai-Jier
    陳瑋絃
    Chen, Wei-Hsien
    Keywords: 兒童證人
    兒童證詞
    標準內容分析
    語文探索與字詞計算
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-07-01 13:51:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 兒童於法庭上作為證人提供證詞常見於性侵案件或家暴案件之中,該等案 件的特徵為發生地經常為較私密、封閉的空間,故可呈堂之證據本極為有限。實 務傳統上對此等案件之事實認定常仰賴之生物採樣及心理鑑定,但若非於案發當 時立即進行採證,還原案件真實之機率將隨著時間的流失而降低。事實上,實務 中不乏出現受害兒童於受害當下並未即時表達或甚至無法理解其權利已遭受侵 害,未向他人即時求助而喪失採證先機的情形。綜上之原因造成兒童供詞常為審 判中之關鍵性證據,但以往實務也常見以兒童偵查中與審判中指控非完全一致為 由,進而拒絕採信,徒生許多爭議。
    雖然兒童證詞具備特殊性,但我國對於兒童證詞於證據法上之定位未有相 關明文規定或系統性調整,對證詞內容本身也鮮少有研究,尤其在兒童證詞之 證明力的判斷上更是欠缺明確判斷依據。對此,本文將介紹針對兒童證詞可信 度的相關科學方法研究──標準內容分析(CBCA)、語文探索與字詞計算(LIWC), 兩者皆以兒童證詞內容中語言特徵為研究重點。縱然目前上揭科學方法可能受 到測試者年齡、是否被誘導、心理障礙和語言發展的因素的影響,尚非完美無 瑕,但考量到上述缺失或許能透過較為嚴格的供詞取得程序作為補救辦法,仍 值得我國司法與社會相關單位借鏡與參考。本文希望透過介紹語言分析方法評 估兒童被害人供詞的可能性,希望能供日後相關司法實務人員多一項工具來斟 酌評估兒童被害人所為證詞之證明力。
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    法律科際整合研究所
    105652002
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105652002
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000623
    Appears in Collections:[Institute of Law and Interdiscipline ] Theses

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