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    Title: 高科技產業園區建置對於周邊地區住宅價格之影響─以中科臺中園區為例
    The Effects of High-tech Industrial Park on Surrounding Area Residential Price ─A Case Study of Taichung Science Park
    Authors: 方禎
    Fang, Chen
    Contributors: 劉小蘭
    方禎
    Fang, Chen
    Keywords: 特徵價格理論
    差異中之差異法
    空間迴歸模型
    局部多項式迴歸
    中部科學園區
    區域發展
    住宅價格
    Hedonic price
    Difference-in-differences
    Spatial regression model
    Local polynomial regression
    Taichung Science Park
    Regional development
    Residential price
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-08-03 18:09:25 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 產業政策於區域中之推行,其目的並非僅限於產業升級的框架,區域社會經濟之成長亦有可能隨之變化。其中高技術含量與高附加價值的科學園區建設,能夠有效形塑其區域「基礎性產業」與「促進型產業(propulsive industries)」之定位,透過正向傳遞的波及效果(spread effect)與負面影響的反吸效果(backwash effect),引導區域發展全面振興或傾向單點極化。
    而住宅價格亦屬區域經濟體系中之一環,勢必將因高科技產業園區建置所帶動之區域經濟成長而有所變化。本研究之主軸在於分析高科技產業園區對於周邊地區住宅價格之影響因素,選擇中部科學園區臺中園區及其周圍行政區之住宅樣本為例,以特徵價格法配合差異中之差異法(difference-in-differences, DID),並建構空間迴歸模型,嘗試梳理影響住宅價格之顯著因素,以及中部科學園區臺中園區對於周圍住宅價格之「有效影響範圍」界定。
    實證結果發現,高科技產業園區確實能夠藉由驅動人口遷入與薪資所得增長,進而提升周邊住宅價格。而關於中部科學園區臺中園區之營運狀態對於周邊住宅價格之增加效果,亦透過差異中之差異法變數獲得證明。最後,本研究依據局部多項式迴歸(local polynomial regression, LPR)之平滑化圖形,定義中部科學園區臺中園區之有效影響範圍位在距離園區3000公尺至7400公尺間,此區間之住宅價格亦由迴歸模型佐證,較其他區域為高。
    The implementation of industrial policies in the region will not only promote industrial upgrading, but the growth of the regional economy may also change accordingly. The construction of high-tech science parks can be regarded as "basic industries" and " propulsive industries" in the region. The science park leads the development or polarization of the region through a positive “spread effect” and a negative “backwash effect”.
    The price of housing is also a part of the regional economic system and will inevitably change due to the growth of the regional economy driven by the construction of high-tech industrial parks. The main purpose of this study is to analyze the influencing factors of high-tech industrial parks on surrounding area residential prices, selected the Taichung Science Park and the surrounding housing transaction cases as a case study. The empirical analysis method used in this study uses hedonic price with additional difference-in-differences, and constructs a spatial regression model to try to sort out the significant factors that affect residential prices and the definition of Taichung Science Park's "effective impact range" for surrounding residential prices.
    The empirical results found that high-tech industrial parks can increase surrounding residential prices by leading population migration and salary growth. The effect of Taichung Science Park's operating status on the increase in surrounding residential prices is also proven through the difference-in-differences variables. Finally, based on the smoothed graph of “local polynomial regression”, this study defined the effective influence range of Taichung Science Park between 3000 meters and 7400 meters from the park. Residential prices in this range are also supported by the regression model results, which are higher than those in other regions.
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    網頁參考文獻
    中部科學工業園區管理局,取用日期:2019年10月30日https://www.ctsp.gov.tw/chinese/other/sitemap.aspx?v=1
    科技部統計資料庫,取用日期:2019年11月3日https://wsts.most.gov.tw/STSWeb/main/Main.aspx?language=C
    內政部國土測繪中心,取用日期:2020年5月24日
    https://maps.nlsc.gov.tw/
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政學系
    107257022
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107257022
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000695
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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