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    Title: 策略性下的環境企業社會責任與民營化中立性定理
    Strategic Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility and Privatization Neutrality Theorem
    Authors: 王映婷
    Wang, Ying-Ting
    Contributors: 翁堃嵐
    Ueng, Kun-Lan
    王映婷
    Wang, Ying-Ting
    Keywords: 異質混合寡占
    部分民營化
    民營化中立性定理
    社會企業責任
    環境企業社會責任
    序列性賽局
    heterogeneous mixed oligopoly
    partial privatization
    privatization neutrality theorem
    corporate social responsibility
    environmental corporate social responsibility
    sequential game
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-08-03 18:15:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文建構一個異質混合的雙占模型,市場中包含一家民營化廠商以及一家民營廠商在該市場進行Cournot數量競爭。兩家廠商皆可以進行策略性地環境企業的社會責任 (Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility, ECSR) 來提高消費者對該企業所生產的產品之願付價格。政府可以透過對兩家廠商每單位的產出水準之補貼政策來矯正市場的扭曲。在這樣的環境下重新探討在最適補貼政策之下社會的福利水準是否會受到民營化程度的影響,也就是民營化中立性定理是否會成立。文中探討兩種階段性的賽局結構,其一為產出決策與ECSR決策同時選擇以及先選擇ECSR決策再選擇產出決策的序列性賽局結構。
    依據本文的研究結果顯示: 當生產行為不具有外部性時,在最適補貼政策之下,民營化程度的高低並不會影響到社會的福祉,換言之,民營化中立性定理成立;反之,當生產行為具有負的外部性時,民營化程度的高低則會影響到社會的福利水準,也就是說,民營化中立性定理不成立。而上述結果與廠商競爭策略中的ECSR與產出決策為同時決定的賽局結構,抑或是序列性的賽局結構無關。
    This paper constructs a heterogeneous and mixed dual-oligopoly model. The model includes a privatized manufacturer and a private manufacturer to conduct a Cournot quantity competition. Both of them can strategically compete in environmental corporate social responsibility (ECSR) to increase consumers' willingness to pay for the products made by the company. The government would correct the distortion by subsidizing the output level of the two manufacturers. Under the circumstance, we can re-examine that whether the social welfare level will be affected by the degree of privatization under the optimal subsidy policy, that is, whether the privatization neutrality theorem will be established. This article discusses two phased game structures. One is the sequential game structure where the output and the ECSR decisions are selected simultaneously, the other is ECSR decision is selected first and then the output decision is selected.
    According to the research results of this paper, we can find that:
    (1) Under the optimal subsidy policy, when the act of production does not have negative externality, the degree of privatization will not affect the social welfare. In other words, the privatization neutrality theorem established.
    (2) Under the optimal subsidy policy, when the act of production has a negative externality, the degree of privatization will affect the social welfare level. That is to say, the privatization neutrality theorem does not established.
    (3) The above results will be equal whether the ECSR and output decisions were made in the same time or in sequential order.
    Reference: 邱俊榮, & 黃鴻. (2006). 公營廠商民營化的最適釋股比例分析. 經濟論文叢刊, 34(2), 245-259.
    胡憲倫, 許家偉, & 蒲彥穎. (2006). 策略的企業社會責任: 企業永續發展的新課題. 應用倫理研究通訊, 40, 37-50.
    侯雨君、翁堃嵐與郭虹. (2020). 策略性的環境企業社會責任與民營化中立性定理
    翁永和, 羅鈺珊, & 劉碧珍. (2003). 市場結構與最適民營化政策. 經濟論文, 31(2), 149-169.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政學系
    107255023
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107255023
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000974
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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