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    Title: 經濟制裁成敗關鍵為何? 以歐洲聯盟委員會抵制亞洲七國之漁產品為例
    What Contributes to the Success and Failure of Economic Sanctions? The Case of the European Commission’s Threats to Boycott Fishery Products from Seven Asian Countries
    Authors: 王善朋
    Buarapha, Waratthapoom
    Contributors: 薛健吾
    Hsueh, Chien-wu
    王善朋
    Buarapha, Waratthapoom
    Keywords: 非法捕魚
    經濟制裁
    漁產品
    歐洲聯盟
    IUU Fishing
    Economic Sanctions
    Sanctions Threat
    Fisheries Sector
    European Commission
    East and Southeast Asia
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-08-03 18:37:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: In 2008, the European Commission developed the so-called “carding system” to fight against the issue of illegal fishing. Through this system, the EC has continuously encouraged major coastal states to take more part in the international fight against the issue of illegal fishing by threatening to boycott fish imports from targeted countries whose vessels conducted illegal fishing activities. Since the carding system was developed, seven countries in Asia have received official sanction warnings from the EC. Out of the seven, four chose to comply with demands from the EC during the threat stage of their sanction episodes (South Korea, the Philippines, Thailand and Taiwan), two chose not to comply (Cambodia and Sri Lanka), and one is still on the EC’s list of warned countries (Vietnam). This is a puzzle worthy of further investigation since the important factors that were mentioned by the sanction literature do not provide a satisfying explanation to explain this variation. The goal of this thesis is to find the factors that contributed to the countries’ different responses to the EC’s sanctions threats. By exploring the cases of the seven countries, I argue that if states are democracies, they are more likely to comply with senders’ demands during the threat stage of the sanctions episode because democracies generally have more political incentives to concede to demands from democratic senders and they also tend to be more well-prepared to address the issue in dispute. Instead, if the targets are autocracies, dependency on the senders’ market is not a sufficient factor for them to comply. In this situation, an involvement of a second superpower like the US is another important reason for them to comply because the interference will put more economic pressure on the targets. My findings supplement the sanction literature by pointing out new causal mechanisms of the political and economic factors.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
    107862004
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107862004
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202001152
    Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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