English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 109952/140903 (78%)
Visitors : 46023461      Online Users : 1071
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 金融學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/131505
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/131505


    Title: 企業投入ESG效益之研究–以總體經濟、機構投資人探討
    Impact of Macroeconomy, Institutional Owners on Firm’s ESG Engagement
    Authors: 湯偉宏
    Tang, Wei-Hong
    Contributors: 林靖庭
    Lin, Ching-Ting
    湯偉宏
    Tang, Wei-Hong
    Keywords: 企業社會責任 (CSR)
    ESG
    財務績效
    總體經濟
    機構投資人
    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
    ESG
    Financial Performance
    Macroeconomy
    Institutional Owners
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-09-02 11:48:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討企業參與ESG是否有助於提升公司財務績效,並以「總體經濟」與「機構投資人」兩大主軸進行討論。前者在於分析經濟不景氣時,公司投入ESG是否仍有助於公司財務績效表現。後者著重於剖析機構投資人對企業經營管理之參與情形,是否會影響ESG表現於公司財務績效上的效益。本研究樣本為2003–2018間,美國2,446家上市公司,年有效樣本數共13,516筆。迴歸分析結果顯示,提升ESG表現確實有助於提升公司財務績效表現 (ROA)。然而在景氣不佳時,公司投入ESG不但無助於財務績效表現,反而可能產生負向影響。另一方面,機構投資人持股比率愈高時,未必有助於提升ESG表現對ROA之效益。然而當機構投資人持股集中度較高時,則明顯有助於提升ESG效益。本研究認為機構投資人之間於ESG政策上有潛在的利益衝突,因此當持股集中於重視ESG之機構投資人時,其參與程度與影響力愈高,使ESG表現愈好的公司,更能有效提升公司財務績效表現。
    This study investigates whether corporate financial performance can be improved by the engagement in ESG, and discusses in two main topics, “Macroeconomy” and “Institutional Owners”. The former analyzes whether engagement in ESG is still beneficial to corporate financial performance in the recession periods. The latter concentrates on the analysis of whether the level of the engagement from institutional owners in companies’ administration and policies affects the benefit of ESG to corporate financial performance. Using the sample of 2,446 U.S. public companies during 2003 to 2018, and in total with 13,516 firm-year samples. Based on the results of regression analysis, we find engagement in better ESG indeed improves corporate financial performance (ROA). However, during the recession, engaging in ESG can’t provide any benefit, even has negative impact on corporate financial performance. On the other hand, with the higher shareholding ratio of institutional owners, the effect of ESG on improving ROA is not clear. Nevertheless, with the highly concentrated shareholding of institutional owners, the benefit of ESG is obviously enhanced. We believe there is a potential conflict of interest among institutional investors in ESG policies. Consequently, more shareholding concentrated on the institutional owners which value ESG, they can have greater level of engagement and influence on corporate policies and strategies making, and so that the companies with better ESG performance can improve their corporate financial performance more effectively.
    Reference: 英文文獻
    [1]. Bauer, R., Koedijk, K., & Otten, R. (2005). International evidence on ethical mutual fund performance and investment style. Journal of Banking & Finance, 29(7), 1751-1767.

    [2]. Cahan, S. F., Chen, C., Chen, L., & Nguyen, N. H. (2015). Corporate social responsibility and media coverage. Journal of Banking & Finance, 59, 409-422.

    [3]. Carlson, S. J., & Bathala, C. T. (1997). Ownership differences and firms` income smoothing behavior. Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, 24(2), 179-196.

    [4]. De Miguel, A., Pindado, J., & De La Torre, C. (2004). Ownership structure and firm value: New evidence from Spain. Strategic Management Journal, 25(12), 1199-1207.

    [5]. Dimson, E., Karakaş, O., & Li, X. (2015). Active ownership. The Review of Financial Studies, 28(12), 3225-3268.

    [6]. Egbunike, C. F., & Okerekeoti, C. U. (2018). Macroeconomic factors, firm characteristics and financial performance. Asian Journal of Accounting Research.

    [7]. Eliwa, Y., Aboud, A., & Saleh, A. (2019). ESG practices and the cost of debt: Evidence from EU countries. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 102097.

    [8]. Galant, A., & Cadez, S. (2017). Corporate social responsibility and financial performance relationship: a review of measurement approaches. Economic research-Ekonomska istraživanja, 30(1), 676-693.

    [9]. Hemingway, C. A., & Maclagan, P. W. (2004). Managers` personal values as drivers of corporate social responsibility. Journal of business ethics, 50(1), 33-44.

    [10]. Henke, H. M. (2016). The effect of social screening on bond mutual fund performance. Journal of Banking & Finance, 67, 69-84.

    [11]. Issah, M., & Antwi, S. (2017). Role of macroeconomic variables on firms’ performance: Evidence from the UK. Cogent Economics & Finance, 5(1), 1405581.

    [12]. Kim, Y., Li, H., & Li, S. (2014). Corporate social responsibility and stock price crash risk. Journal of Banking & Finance, 43, 1-13.

    [13]. Kim, Y., Park, M. S., & Wier, B. (2012). Is earnings quality associated with corporate social responsibility?. The accounting review, 87(3), 761-796.

    [14]. Lins, K. V., Servaes, H., & Tamayo, A. (2017). Social capital, trust, and firm performance: The value of corporate social responsibility during the financial crisis. The Journal of Finance, 72(4), 1785-1824.

    [15]. Neubaum, D. O., & Zahra, S. A. (2006). Institutional ownership and corporate social performance: The moderating effects of investment horizon, activism, and coordination. Journal of Management, 32(1), 108-131.

    [16]. Petrovits, C. M. (2006). Corporate-sponsored foundations and earnings management. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 41(3), 335-362.

    [17]. Prior, D., Surroca, J., & Tribó, J. A. (2008). Are socially responsible managers really ethical? Exploring the relationship between earnings management and corporate social responsibility. corporate governance: An international review, 16(3), 160-177.

    [18]. Sharma, G. D., Singh, S., & Singh, G. (2011). Impact of macroeconomic variables on economic performance: An empirical study of India and Sri Lanka. Available at SSRN 1836542.

    [19]. Tops, D. (2017). Corporate social responsibility, agency problems and social pressure.


    網路資源
    [1]. Thomson Reuters Refinitiv ESG 評分說明書 2020。取自:
    https://www.refinitiv.com/content/dam/marketing/en_us/documents/methodology/esg-scores-methodology.pdf

    [2]. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission official website, Division of Corporation Finance: Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code List。取自:
    https://www.sec.gov/info/edgar/siccodes.htm?fbclid=IwAR0vSO_wch2nkS-oQs6O7GvFoRKGMUvYXRUki41m7sU2zSmL3dmgB-zdCIw

    [3]. McKimmon Center for Extension & Continuing Education, 2-Digit SIC (Standard Industrial Classification) Codes。取自:
    https://mckimmoncenter.ncsu.edu/2digitsiccodes/?fbclid=IwAR3kSHgtybpBAVUU5xgcuFMwuE19VGIGHmNCigpy04B-GbAa0jA6olq03SM
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    金融學系
    107352004
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107352004
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202001520
    Appears in Collections:[金融學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    200401.pdf1760KbAdobe PDF22914View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告 Copyright Announcement
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    The digital content of this website is part of National Chengchi University Institutional Repository. It provides free access to academic research and public education for non-commercial use. Please utilize it in a proper and reasonable manner and respect the rights of copyright owners. For commercial use, please obtain authorization from the copyright owner in advance.

    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    NCCU Institutional Repository is made to protect the interests of copyright owners. If you believe that any material on the website infringes copyright, please contact our staff(nccur@nccu.edu.tw). We will remove the work from the repository and investigate your claim.
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback