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    題名: 論景觀於空間計畫法之實踐與法制設計
    Practice and Legal Design of Landscape in Spatial Planning Law
    作者: 廖昶鈞
    Liao, Chang-Jun
    貢獻者: 傅玲靜
    Fu, Ling-Ching
    廖昶鈞
    Liao, Chang-Jun
    關鍵詞: 景觀
    歐洲景觀公約
    景觀規劃
    景觀與空間規劃之關聯
    美國土地利用法
    都市設計
    景觀法草案
    都市計畫法
    區域計畫法
    國土計畫法
    Landscape
    European Landscape Convention
    Landscape Planning
    The relationship between Landscape and Spatial Planning
    USA Land Use Law
    Urban Design
    Draft Landscape Act
    Urban Planning Law
    Regional Plan Act
    Spatial Planning Act
    日期: 2020
    上傳時間: 2020-09-02 12:20:15 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 景觀是一個跨領域的概念,其並非單純涉及主觀的審美,而係屬於人類與自然相互作用的結果,其具有歷史、文化、健康、經濟及自然等功能。然而近年來隨著工業化及都市化的發展,世界各國之景觀逐漸喪失其多樣性及獨特性,臺灣亦不例外,多年來臺灣的城鄉風格遭受許多批評,許多地方之景觀破敗,使居民對於當地喪失認同感,甚至影響我國的國際形象。

    許多國家開始思考應如何藉由法律制度改善其國土景觀,最具代表性者為歐洲景觀公約,本文針對其主要內容介紹,分析歐洲景觀公約之制度精神,以及對於景觀所提出之創新概念,並著重於其將景觀融入空間規劃之規定進行深入探討。相較於歐洲景觀公約,美國之土地利用法制則未強調景觀之概念,但其藉由都市設計制度對於都市之三度空間進行規劃,以達到景觀之實踐。因此本文希望透過比較歐盟及美國之法制,分析景觀之意涵,及其於空間計畫法中扮演之角色,以指出我國制度不足之處。

    最後,本文藉由歐洲景觀公約及美國法制觀察,發現我國景觀法草案本身具有諸多問題,現行之都市計畫法、區域計畫法及國土計畫法對於景觀之規範密度十分不足。為了促進景觀於我國空間計畫法之實踐,對於現行法制之修正應為較為妥適之方法,應於都市計畫法之主要計畫及細部計畫制定景觀及都市設計之內容,並於國土計畫法中納入國土設計之規定,以完善我國景觀之法制。
    Landscape is a interdisciplinary concept, which does not merely involve subjective aesthetics, but is the result of the action and interaction of humans and nature factors. It has many functions, such as history, culture, health, economy and nature. However, with the development of industrialization and urbanization in recent years, the landscapes of many countries in the world have gradually lost their diversity and uniqueness. Taiwan is no exception. The urban and rural style of Taiwan has received many criticisms over the years. The landscapes in many places have been ruined. It results to the loss of identity of local residents and influence on our international image.

    Many countries have begun to reflect on how to improve their landscape by legal system. The most representative law is European Landscape Convention. This thesis will introduce the main content of European Landscape Convention, analyze its legal spirit and innovative concepts. This thesis will also focus on the rule which integrates landscape into its regional and town planning policies in European Landscape Convention. Compared with the European Landscape Convention, USA Land Use Law does not emphasize the concept of landscape, but it plans the three-dimensional space of cities to practice landscape by urban design. Therefore, this thesis will analyze the meaning of the landscape and its role in the spatial planning by European Landscape Convention and USA Land Use Law to point out the defects of Taiwan’s legal system.

    Finally, by the observation of European Landscape Convention and USA Land Use Law, this thesis finds out that Taiwan’s Draft Landscape Act has many defects. Besides, there are many inadequacies of landscape regulations in Urban Planning Law, Regional Plan Act and Spatial Planning Act. In order to promote the practice of landscape in Taiwan’s Spatial Planning Law, it should be more appropriate that amends the current legal system. The contents of landscape and urban design should be regulated in Master plan and Detail plan in Urban Planning Law. In addition, the content of spatial design should be incorporated to Spatial Planning Act.
    參考文獻: 一、中文文獻
    (一)書籍
    林欽榮,都市設計在臺灣,初版,創興,1995年2月。
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    (二)專書論文
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    (三)期刊論文
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    曾梓峰、陳子文,景觀計畫於國土空間規劃所扮演之角色,都市與計劃,34卷3期,2007年9月,頁219-240。
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    (四)學位論文
    吳政聰,從法的觀點探討台灣都市設計,國立政治大學法律學系碩士班學士後法學組碩士論文,2005年。
    呂岳桐,臺灣城市空間景觀管理於都市計畫土地使用管制的困境與出路-以臺東縣景觀綱要計畫案為例,國立高雄大學創意設計與建築學系碩士論文,2018年。
    李岱輿,都市設計準則制定程序與工具之研究—以高雄車站都市設計為例,國立高雄大學創意設計與建築學系碩士論文,2016年。
    林玄宜,景觀計畫架構體系與操作方法之研究-以宜蘭縣政中心地區為例,國立臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所碩士論文,2005年。
    林伯釗,景觀綱要計畫執行機制之研究,中國文化大學景觀學研究所碩士論文,2006年。
    張舒婷,日本都市景觀保護法制之研究-兼論我國景觀法草案,國立政治大學地政學系私立中國地政研究所碩士論文,2008年。
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    二、英文文獻
    (一)書籍
    Antrop, Marc, and Veerle Van Eetvelde, Landscape Perspectives: The Holistic Nature of Landscape (2017).
    Cullingworth, Barry, and Roger W. Caves, Planning In The USA--Policies, Issues, And Processes (4th ed. 2014).
    Cutaia, Fabio, Strategic Environmental Assessment: Integrating Landscape and Urban Planning (2016).
    Dobbins, Michael, Urban Design and People (2009).
    Gitelman, Morton, John R. Nolon, Patricia E. Salkin, and Robert R. Wright, Land Use Cases and Materials (6th ed. 2004).
    Golobič, Mojca, and Lidija Breskvar Žaucer, Landscape Planning and Vulnerability Assessment in the Mediterranean (2010).
    Higgins, Sarah, An exploration of the European landscape convention as a guiding framework for multi-scalar landscape governance in the territories of Catalonia (Spain) and the Republic of Ireland (2016).
    Juergensmeyera, Julian Conrad, and Thomas E. Roberts, Land Use Planning and Development Regulation Law (2003).
    Lang, Jon, Urban Design:A Typology of Procedures and Products—Illustrated with Over 50 Case Studies (2005).
    La Riccia, Luigi, Landscape Planning at The Local Level (2017).
    Mandelker, Daniel R., Julie A. Tappendorf, Carol N. Brown, Stuart Meck, Dwight H. Merriam, Peter W. Salsich, and Nancy E. Stroud, Planning and Control of Land Development: Cases And Materials (9th ed. 2016).
    Nolon, John R., and Patricia E. Salkin, Land Use and Sustainable Development Law : Cases and Materials (8th ed. 2012).
    Selman, Paul, Planning at the Landscape Scale (2006).
    Steiner, Frederick, The Living Landscape--An Ecological Approach to Landscape Planning (2008).
    Strecker, Amy, Landscape Protection in International Law (2018).
    Wood, Christopher S., Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape (2014).
    (二)專書論文
    Antrop, Marc, A Brief History of Landscape Research, in The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies, 1-35 (Peter Howard, Ian Thompson, Emma Waterton and Mick Atha eds., 2019).
    Barsch, H., O. Bastian, C. Beierkuhnlein, A. Bosshard, J. Breuste, F. Klötzli, K. Ott, B. Tress and G. Tress, and U. Weiland, Application of landscape ecology, in Development and Perspectives of Landscape Ecology, 307-432, (Olaf Bastian And Uta Steinhardt eds., 2002).
    Bruns, Diedrich, Landscape, towns and peri-urban and suburban areas, in Landscape facets--Reflections and proposals for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention, 9-52, (Council of Europe eds., 2012).
    Bruun, Magne, How and why was the European Landscape Convention conceived?, in Mainstreaming Landscape Through The European Landscape Convention, 5-12, (Karsten Jørgensen, Morten Clemetsen, Kine Halvorsen Thorén and Tim Richardson eds., 2016).
    De Montmollin, Bertrand, Landscape and innovative tools, in Landscape and Sustainable Development: Challenges of The European Landscape Convention, 83-96, (2006).
    Egoz, Shelley, The right to landscape and the argument for the significance of implementation of the European Landscape Convention, in Mainstreaming Landscape Through The European Landscape Convention, 111-118, (Karsten Jørgensen, Morten Clemetsen, Kine Halvorsen Thorén and Tim Richardson eds., 2016).
    Elorrieta, Berezi, and Dolores Sánchez-Aguilera, Landscape Regulation in Regional Territorial Planning: A View from Spain, in The European Landscape Convention: Challenges of Participation, 99-120, (Michael Jones and Marie Stenseke eds., 2011).
    Jones, Michael, and Marie Stenseke, The Issue of Public Participation in the European Landscape Convention, in The European Landscape Convention: Challenges of Participation, 1-23, (Michael Jones and Marie Stenseke eds., 2011).
    Kidd, Sue, Landscape planning: Reflections on the past, directions for the future, in The Routledge Companion To Landscape Studies, 534-551 (Peter Howard, Ian Thompson, Emma Waterton and Mick Atha eds., 2019).
    Luginbühl, Yves, Landscape and individual and social well-being, in Landscape and Sustainable Development: Challenges of The European Landscape Convention, 31-51, (2006).
    Naranjo, Florencio Zoido, Landscape and spatial planning policies, in Landscape and Sustainable Development: Challenges of The European Landscape Convention, 55-79, (2006).
    Phillips, Adrian, Practical Considerations for the Implementation of a European Landscape Convention, in Landscape Conservation Law, Present Trends and Perspectives in International and Comparative Law, 17-25, (2000).
    Prieur, Michel, Landscape and social, economic, cultural and ecological approaches, in Landscape and Sustainable Development: Challenges of The European Landscape Convention, 11-28, (2006).
    Prieur, Michel, The Integration of Landscape into Land Use Planning Policy in Relation to the New European Landscape Convention, in Land Use Law for Sustainable Development, 71-88, (Nathalie J. Chalifour, Patricia Kameri-Mbote, Lin Heng Lye and John R. Nolon eds., 2006).
    Priore, Riccardo, Landscapes of Identity: The European Landscape Convention in the Construction of a European Identity, in Landscape As Heritage: Negotiating European Cultural Identity, 17-26, (Monica Sassatelli ed., 2006).
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    (三)期刊論文
    Antrop, Marc, Sustainable landscapes: contradiction, fiction or utopia?, Landscape and Urban Planning 75, 187-197 (2006).
    Antrop, Marc, Why landscapes of the past are important for the future, 70 Landscape and Urban Planning 1-2, 21-34 (2005).
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    (四)網路資料
    Council of Europe, Explanatory Report to the European Landscape Convention, https://rm.coe.int/16800cce47 (last visited August 20, 2020).
    Council of Europe, Recommendation CM/Rec(2008)3 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the guidelines for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention, https://rm.coe.int/16802f80c9 (last visited August 20, 2020).
    UNESCO, The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, https://whc.unesco.org/en/guidelines (last visited August 20, 2020).
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    法律學系
    105651045
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105651045
    資料類型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202001599
    顯示於類別:[法律學系] 學位論文

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