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    Title: 論性侵害女性被害人之供述證據—以美國法為中心
    Ascertaining Testimonies of Female Victim-Witnesses in Rape Trials: from the Perspective of American Law
    Authors: 王思雅
    Wang, Szu-Ya
    Contributors: 何賴傑
    Her, Lai-Jier
    王思雅
    Wang, Szu-Ya
    Keywords: 性侵害
    被害人陳述
    單一供述證據
    憑信性
    補強證據
    美國法
    性侵害犯罪防治法
    司法院釋字七八九號
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-09-02 12:23:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 性侵案審理最大的困難,在於證言證明力之評價。近年來,我國無論是實務判決、或甫出爐的釋字第七八九號,都顯見法律體制已體認到性侵害案的特殊性。我國刑事訴訟法第一五六條第二項明定,被告之自白不得作為有罪判決之唯一證據,而實務見解亦肯認被害人陳述亦有所適用,即性侵害被害人未經補強之單一證述,必不得作為被告定罪之唯一證據。然而,這樣的見解與性侵害之本質存在根本上的矛盾,導致我國性侵害案常見以證據瑕疵、證據不足等理由而為之不起訴或無罪裁量,本文認為,我國在性侵案審理上要有所突破,可參考美國法之立法走向——根基於消除法律體制對「女性憑信性」問題之司法改革。本文欲先藉由普通法歷史發展上對女性評價之偏見為出發點,進而沿著美國司法實務的發展脈絡、以探究美國性侵害證據法之改革,最後重新檢視我國制度中內涵性別偏見的法理與制度,並提出我國未來之修法可能與方向。
    Reference: 中文文獻
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    (四)碩士論文
    王於鎮,《兒童證人之傳聞證據研究》,國立臺北大學法律系研究所碩士論文, 2018年7月。
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    (五)政府報告、統計資料
    2020年性別圖像,行政院性別平等委員會,檢自:https://gec.ey.gov.tw/Page/8996A23EDB9871BE(最後瀏覽日:2020年5月10日)。
    地方檢察署辦理性侵害案件統計—中華民國108年1-12月,中華民國法務部檢察統計,檢自:https://www.rjsd.moj.gov.tw/rjsdweb/common/WebList3_Report.aspx?list_id=1137(最後瀏覽日:2020年5月10日)。
    (六)網路資源
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    黃雅琪,〈陳雪生挺肚頂背還嗆不會懷孕 范雲怒告性騷擾〉,鏡傳媒,2020年7月20日,https://www.mirrormedia.mg/story/20200720edi018/(最後瀏覽日:2020年7月22日)。
    楊婉瑩,〈穿裙子為什麼不能當總統?吳音寧為什麼太年輕?從台灣政壇看厭女政治的4種變形〉,獨立評論@天下,2019年8月26日,https://opinion.cw.com.tw/blog/profile/390/article/8421(最後瀏覽日:2020年4月30日)。
    聖依,〈南韓網路性犯罪「N號房事件」:殘暴性虐未成年,「共犯」至少 26 萬人〉,換日線,2020年3月30日,https://crossing.cw.com.tw/article/13182 (最後瀏覽日:2020年6月30日)。
    廖綉玉,〈不再忍耐!富家男大生遭上百名婦女指控性侵 保守伊斯蘭國度也掀起#MeToo運動〉,風傳媒,2020年8月1日,https://www.storm.mg/article/2905169 (最後瀏覽日:2020年8月1日)。
    鄭旭凱,〈19歲嫩妻偷吃被逮 夫家罰她在娘家端檳榔香菸「洗門風」〉,自由時報,2020年5月21日,https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/society/breakingnews/3172875 (最後瀏覽日:2020年6月 24日)。
    (六)司法院解釋
    司法院釋字第789號解釋理由書。
    釋字789號公開說明會爭點題綱,檢自:https://cons.judicial.gov.tw/jcc/zh-tw/contents/show/p5yncty7vgaquzxp(最後瀏覽日:2020年6月4日)。
    釋字789號林大法官俊益提出之協同意見書。
    釋字789號黃大法官昭元提出,許大法官志雄加入之協同意見書。
    釋字789號詹大法官森林提出之協同意見書。

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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    法律科際整合研究所
    103652016
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103652016
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202001691
    Appears in Collections:[法律科際整合研究所] 學位論文

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