English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 95905/126495 (76%)
Visitors : 31765138      Online Users : 417
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/131923

    Title: 尼加拉瓜奧蒂嘉總統執政期間之經濟政策分析 (2007到2020年)
    Analysis of Nicaragua Economic Policy under Ortega administration from 2007 to 2020
    Authors: 張喬翔
    Jang, Chyau-Shyang
    Contributors: 鄧中堅
    Teng, Chung-Chian
    Jang, Chyau-Shyang
    Keywords: 尼加拉瓜
    market economy
    agrarian reform
    free trade agreements
    preferential treatment
    Central America
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-09-02 13:12:34 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 這項研究旨在揭示尼加拉瓜在2007年至2020年奧特加政府領導下的經濟戰略的影響。自2018年奧爾特加宣布頒布《尼加拉瓜社會保險改革》以來,尼加拉瓜的社會政治和經濟危機一直持續不斷。社會保障改革,後來又因之前尼加拉瓜運河的議題更擴展示威遊行,因長期政權造成的社會不公正以及奧爾特加政府執政期間對民主選舉的管理不善。這些影響可以藉由尼加拉瓜政府改革政策階段性任務來改進,市場經濟的自由化以及尼加拉瓜政府和各國的自由貿易協定簽署的優惠待遇來檢驗成果。本研究探討對尼加拉瓜社會,經濟,環境和政治的正面和負面影響。最後,在尼加拉瓜實施自由貿易政策以及透過其在市場經濟條件下的自由貿易區中的優勢來管理與夥伴國的經濟關係中,可以看到某些方面的積極影響。
    This study aims to reveal the impacts of the economic and political strategies of Nicaragua under the Ortega administration from 2007 to 2020. The case of the socio-political and economic crisis in Nicaragua has been of an ongoing nature lasting since 2018 when the president announced the enactment of a social security reform, which later expanded to larger demonstrations about the discontent of the Nicaragua Canal, the social injustices caused by the long-term regime, and mismanagement of the democratic elections during the Ortega administration. These impacts can be examined through the historical advances made in the policy reforms, the integration of market economy, and the pursuit of free trade agreements by the Nicaraguan government. This research explores the positive and the negative social, economic, environmental, and political impacts of Nicaragua. Finally, the implementation of free trade policy and management of economic relations with partner countries through its advantages in a free trade zone under market economic conditions, some positive effects can be seen.
    Reference: “Nicaragua: $585 Million for Public Infrastructure.” CentralAmericaData, 18 Oct. 2019, www.centralamericadata.com/en/article/home/Nicaragua_585_Million_for_Public_Infrastructure.
    “Nicaraguan Property Disputes: Report Prepared for the United Nations Development Program.” Carter Center of Emory University, 1995. cartercenter.org/documents/1206.pdf
    A. Murray, K. Skene, K. Haynes. “The circular economy: an interdisciplinary exploration of the concept and application in a global context”. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10551-015-2693-2
    Acevedo, R., et al. “The Role of Venesat-1 Satellite in Promoting Development in Venezuela and Latin America.” Space Policy, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2010, pp. 189-193. doi:10.1016/j.spacepol.2010.05.003.
    Adelman, Irma. “Beyond export-led growth.” World Development, Vol. 12, Issue 9, 1984, pp. 937-949. doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(84)90050-0
    Alvarez, Wendy. “Ovidio Reyes, Presidente Del BCN, Cree Que Lo Peor De La Recesión y El Desempleo Ya Pasó En Nicaragua.” La Prensa, 24 January 2020, www.laprensa.com.ni/2020/01/23/economia/2632731-ovidio-reyes-presidente-del-bcn-cree-que-lo-peor-de-la-recesion-y-el-desempleo-ya-paso-en-nicaragua.
    Andersen, M. S. (2007). An introductory note on the environmental economics of the circular economy. Sustainability Science. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11625-006-0013-6
    Anderson, Kym, et al. “Global Impacts of Doha Trade Reform Scenarios on Poverty.” Policy Research Working Papers, 2005, doi:10.1596/1813-9450-3735.
    Arias, Alma Vidaurre, et al. “Canal Law Meets Deadline to Be Repealed.” El Nuevo Diario, 14 June 2019, elnuevodiario.com.ni/nacionales/494398-canal-interoceanico-nicaragua-ley-hknd/.
    Ashcroft, B. (1998). Modernity’s First Born: Linked Histories, 189–208. doi: 10.2307/j.ctv6gqskt.12.
    Association of Free Zones of the Americas (AZFA). “Free Trade Zones Nicaragua.” Free Trade Zones Statistics Nicaragua, Jan. 2017, asociacionzonasfrancas.org/media/estadisticas-pais/Nicaragua/2017/Estadisticas_Zonas_Francas_Nicaragua.pdf.
    Australian Government, and Australian Trade and Investment Commission. “Renewable Energy and Natural Resources to Taiwan Trends and Opportunities.” Austrade, austrade.gov.au/australian/export/export-markets/countries/taiwan/industries/clean-energy.
    Ben Purvis, Yong Mao and Darren Robinson. “Three pillars of sustainability: in search of conceptual origins”, Sustainability Science (RG Journal Impact), accessed November 9, www.researchgate.net/publication/327404334_Three_pillars_of_sustainability_in_search_of_conceptual_origins
    Bezemer, Dirk, and Derek Headey. “Agriculture, Development, and Urban Bias.” World Development, Vol. 36, Issue 8, 2008, pp. 1342-1364. doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.07.001
    Bolaños, Jimmy. “Nicaragua: Coffee Annual.” USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, 27 May 2019, apps.fas.usda.gov/newgainapi/api/report/downloadreportbyfilename?filename
    Boulding, K. E. (1966). The economics of the coming spaceship Earth. In H. Jarrett (Ed.), Environmental quality issues in a growing economy (pp. 3–14). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. “Nicaragua.” U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State, 16 Dec. 2016, 2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1850.htm.
    Ceci, Sara. “Nicaragua Access to Land.” FAO.org, Food and Agriculture Organization, 2005, www.fao.org/tempref/docrep/fao/008/a0297e/a0297e04.pdf.
    Chomsky, Noam. What Uncle Sam Really Wants. Odonian, 1992.
    Command and General Staff School. “Military Review: Iran and Venezuela – Economic Cooperation”. The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army, vol. 89, no. 3, 2009. https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a499889.pdf
    Cook, Michael and Iliopoulos, Constantine. “Ill-Defined Property Rights in Collective Action: The Case of U.S. Agricultural Cooperatives,” In Menard C. (Ed.) Institutions, Contracts, and Organizations: Perspectives from New Institutional Economics, 2000, pp. 335-348.
    Cropsey, Seth. “China Sets Its Sights on South America.” The American Interest, Apr.9, 2018, www.the-american-interest.com/2018/04/09/china-sets-sights-south-america/.
    D. Reike, W.J.V. Vermeulen, W. Sjors. The circular economy: new or Refurbished as CE 3.0?—Exploring controversies in the conceptualization of the circular economy through a focus on history and value retention options. (2017) www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921344917302756
    Department of Investment Services. “Investment Guide to Nicaragua.” Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2019, fta.trade.gov.tw/pimage/20140320152607087.pdf.
    Dethier, Jean-Jacques, and Alexandra Effenberger. “Agriculture and Development: A Brief Review of the Literature.” Policy Research Working Papers, 2011, doi:10.1596/1813-9450-5553.
    Doroodian, Khosrow. “Macroeconomic Performance and Adjustment under Policies Commonly Supported by the International Monetary Fund”. Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 41, no. 4, 1993, doi:10.1086/452051.
    Ellen MacArthur Foundation, “Towards the Circular Economy”. Report, accessed November 29, 2018, www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/assets/downloads/publications/Ellen-
    Ellen MacArthur Foundation. Circular Economy Disruptions – Past, Present and Future. Exeter University Centre for Circular Economy , June 2018, www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/assets/downloads/Circular-Economy-Symposium-Extracts-June-2018.pdf.
    Everingham, Mark. “Agricultural Property Rights and Political Change in Nicaragua.” Latin American Politics and Society, vol. 43, no. 3, 2001, pp. 61–93. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3177144. Accessed 2 July 2020.
    Fingleton, J., Fox, E., Neven, D., Seabright, P. (1996), “Competition Policy and the Transformation of Central Europe”, CEPR, ISBN: 1898128251
    Geisendorf S, Pietrulla F. The circular economy and circular economic concepts—a literature analysis and redefinition. Thunderbird Int Bus Rev. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1002/tie.21924
    Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Schemes. SICE – Foreign Trade Information System. Retrieved July 2020. http://sice.oas.org/TPD/GSP/GSP_Schemes_e.ASP
    Geng, Y., Sarkis, J. and Ulgiati, S., “Sustainability, well-being, and the circular economy in China and worldwide.” Science. 2016. www.researchgate.net/publication/301338317_
    Ghisellini, Patrizia, Cialani, Catia, and Ulgiati, Sergio. “A review on circular economy: the expected transition to a balanced interplay of environmental and economic systems.” Journal of Cleaner Production, sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652615012287?via%3Dihub
    Grisby Vergara, William. (2008). The “New” Chureca: From Garbage to Human Dignity. Revista Envio. 321. Retrieved from www.envio.org.ni/articulo/3749
    GSP Handbook on the Scheme of Canada. UN Conference on Trade and Development. Retrieved May 2020. unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=673
    Hare, P., Turley, G. (2013), “Introduction on the Handbook”, in: Hare, P., Turley, G. (eds.), Handbook of the economics and political economy of transition, Introduction, pp. 1-14, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
    Hartmann, Christopher. (2010). Accessing Trash: Conflict, Inequality, and the Managua Municipal Waste Site. Masters Thesis. Retrieved from: etd.ohiolink.edu/
    Hartmann, Christopher. (2012). “Uneven Urban Spaces: Accessing Trash in Managua, Nicaragua.” Journal of Latin American Geography 11(1), 143-163.
    Ibarz, Joaquin. “Piñata Theology: The Sandinistas' Preferential Option for the Rich.” Crisis Magazine, 19 July 2013, www.crisismagazine.com/1991/pinata-theology-the-sandinistas-preferential-option-for-the-rich.
    Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). “Renewable Energy Experiences in Nicaragua to Generate Electricity.” Discussion Paper Nº 396, 2015, https://publications.iadb.org/publications/english/document/Renewable-Energy-Experiences-in-Nicaragua-to-Generate-Electricity.pdf.
    International Monetary Fund (IMF). “Nicaragua: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper— Progress Report on National Human Development Plan as of 2010”. IMF Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Country Report No. 11/323, November 14, 2011.
    International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). “Nicaragua Renewables Readiness Assessment.” Executive Summary, January 2015. http://irena.org/-/media/Files/IRENA/
    Jewiss, Tom. “The Effects of Globalisation on Indigenous Communities in Latin America: Case Studies from Nicaragua”. (2002) Indigenous Law Bulletin 4.5(15). www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/IndigLawB/2002/11.html
    Johnston, Bruce F. and John W. Mellor. “The Role of Agriculture in Economic Development.” The American Economic Review 51 (4), 1961, pp. 566 – 593.
    Karl-Werner Brand, “Sustainable Development.” International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition, 2015), www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080970868910948
    Karsten, Matthew. “La Chureca: Living In Garbage.” Expert Vagabond, 8 Oct. 2018, expertvagabond.com/la-chureca-managua-photos.
    Kester, Paul. “Zero Hunger: Development or Just Raindrops?” Revista Envío, June 2010, www.envio.org.ni/articulo/4141.
    Klimentov, Mikhail, “Coming full circle? The state of circular economies around the globe”, accessed November 29, 2018, www.greenbiz.com/article/coming-full-circle-state
    Kolodko, G. (1999). Transition to a market economy and sustained growth. Implications for the post-Washington consensus. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 32(3), pp.233-261.
    Larracochea, Edurne, et al. “Zero Hunger: How Are the Women Doing?” Revista Envío - Zero Hunger: How Are the Women Doing?, Nov. 2014, www.envio.org.ni/articulo/5004.
    Larson, Anne. “Nicaragua's Real Property Debate.” Revista Envío - Nicaragua's Real Property Debate, Jan. 1993, www.envio.org.ni/articulo/1666.
    Lavigne, Marie. The Economics of Transition: From Socialist Economy to Market Economy. Macmillan, 1999.
    Lieder, M., and Rashid, A. (2016). “Towards circular economy implementation: A comprehensive review in context of manufacturing industry.” Journal of Cleaner Production, 115, 36–51. sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652615018661
    Marcelino, Sandra, and Ivetta Hakobyan. “Does Lower Debt Buy Higher Growth? The Impact of Debt Relief Initiatives on Growth.” International Monetary Fund, 2014.
    McCarthy, Andrew, et al. “The Macroeconomics of the Circular Economy Transition.” OECD Instance, OECD, 18 Apr. 2018.
    Mendels, Franklin F. “Proto-Industrialization: The First Phase of the Industrialization Process.” The Journal of Economic History, vol. 32, no. 1, 1972, pp. 241–261. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2117187.
    Merlet, Michel. “Nicaragua: Fragility and Limits of Agrarian Reforms.” AGTER, Online Knowledge Base: Natural Resources Governance around the World, Nov. 2002, www.agter.org/bdf/en/corpus_chemin/fiche-chemin-62.html.
    Miller, Andrew P. “Sustainable Ecotourism in Central America.” Lexington Books, 2016.
    Morin, Julie. “Nicaragua: Coffee Annual.” USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, 2 June 2020, https://apps.fas.usda.gov/newgainapi/api/Report/DownloadReportByFileName?fileName=Coffee%20Annual_Managua_Nicaragua_05-15-2020.
    Nicole van Buren, Marjolein Demmers, Rob van der Heijden, Frank Witlox. “Towards a circular economy: The Role of Dutch Logistics Industries and Governments.” Sustainability (Switzerland), 8 (7) (2016), pp. 1-17
    OECD (2001), Extended Producer Responsibility: A Guidance Manual for Governments, OECD Publishing, Paris, doi.org/10.1787/9789264189867-en
    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). OECD Economic Surveys: Costa Rica 2018. OECD Publishing, 2018. oecd.org/economy/surveys/Costa-Rica-2018-OECD-economic-survey-overview.pdf
    Pearce, D. W., and Turner R. K. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment (1989) Hemel Hempstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf, London.
    Portocarrero Lacayo, Ana Victoria. “The Textile and Clothing Sector and Sustainable Development in Nicaragua.” International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Jan. 2010, core.ac.uk/download/pdf/35142637.pdf
    PRONicaragua. INVESTOR GUIDELINE 2019, PRONicaragua, 2019, pronicaragua.gob.ni/media/publications/Investor_Guideline_2019_D6yuVmj.pdf.
    Puig Salvador Martí i. The Origins of the Peasant-Contra Rebellion in Nicaragua, 1979-87. Institute of Latin American Studies, 2001.
    Q. Zhu, Y. Geng, K. Lai. “Circular economy practices among Chinese manufacturers varying in environmental-oriented supply chain cooperation and the performance implications.” J. Environ. Manag., (2010). linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301479710000411
    Raworth, Kate, and Duncan Green. “Kicking down the Door: How Upcoming WTO Talks Threaten Farmers in Poor Countries.” Oxfam International, 2005.
    Reh, L.. “Process engineering in circular economy.” Particuology, (2013). linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1674200113000023
    Robinson, Circles. “Nicaragua: Life After the La Chureca Garbage Dump.” Havana Times, havanatimes.org/?p=125913.
    Robinson, William I. “A Faustian Bargain: U.S. Intervention In The Nicaraguan Elections And American Foreign Policy In The Post-Cold War Era.” Routledge, 2019.
    Rocha, José Luis. “The Contradictory Legacy of the Sandinista Agrarian Reform.” Revista Envío, July 2010, www.envio.org.ni/articulo/4212.
    Roháč, D. (2013). What Are the Lessons from Post-Communist Transitions?. Economic Affairs, 33(1), pp.65-77.
    Satnews Daily. “China and Venezuela: Agreement for New Earth Observation Satellite.” UN Office for Outer Space Affairs, Satnews Daily, 22 July 2014, www.un-spider.org/news-and-events/news/china-and-venezuela-agreement-new-earth-observation-satellite.
    Sayed, Hares. “War, Violence, Terrorism, and Our Present World: A Timeline of Modern Politics.” XLIBRIS Corporation, 2017.
    Schultz, Theodore W. Transforming Traditional Agriculture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1964.
    Silva, José Adán. “After Six Years, Wang Jing Could Not Guarantee Investment for the Interoceanic Canal.” La Prensa, June 13, 2019, laprensa.com.ni/2019/06/13/nacionales/
    Tijerino, Frances Kinloch. Historia De Nicaragua. Instituto De Historia De Nicaragua y Centroamérica De La Universidad Centroamericana (IHNCA-UCA), 2008.
    Todaro, Michael P., and Stephen C. Smith. Economic Development. Pearson, 2015.
    Trade Agreements in Force. SICE - Foreign Trade Information System. Retrieved March 2020. http://www.sice.oas.org/agreements_e.asp
    US Committee on International Relations. Democracy, Rule of Law, and Police Training Assistance: Hearing before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session, December 7, 1995. U.S. G.P.O., 1996.
    USA International Business Publications (IBP). Nicaragua Business Law Handbook - Strategic Information and Basic Laws. 2012th ed., vol. 1 1, International Business Publications, Inc, 2012.
    Vakis, Renos Nicos, et al. Left behind: Chronic Poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean. The World Bank Group, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2015. worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/LAC/chronic_poverty_overview.pdf
    Wallerstein, Immanuel. “The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century.” New York: Academic Press, 1976, pp. 229-233.
    Williamson, John. “Did the Washington Consensus Fail?”. Peterson Institute for International Economics, November 6, 2002, www.piie.com/commentary/speeches-papers/did-washington-consensus-fail.
    World Bank. (n.d). World Databank. Retrieved June, 2020, from: data.worldbank.org/country/nicaragua
    World Trade Organization. “Special and Differential Treatment.” WTO Doha Development Agenda, Briefing Notes, 2020, https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dda_e/status_e/sdt_e.htm.
    Yamaguchi, Shunta. “International Trade and the Transition to a More Resource Efficient and Circular Economy.” OECD Instance, OECD, 18 Oct. 2018, oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/international-trade-and-the-transition-to-a-more-resource-efficient-and-circular-economy_847feb24-en.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105862004
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202001514
    Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    200401.pdf2182KbAdobe PDF28View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback